这两天在更新CentOS7系统时，出现了Multilib version problems错误，执行命令：
# yum update
.... ---> Package libcap-ng.i686 0:0.7.5-4.el7 will be installed ---> Package libstdc++.i686 0:4.8.5-16.el7 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Error: Multilib version problems found. This often means that the root cause is something else and multilib version checking is just pointing out that there is a problem. Eg.: 1. You have an upgrade for glibc which is missing some dependency that another package requires. Yum is trying to solve this by installing an older version of glibc of the different architecture. If you exclude the bad architecture yum will tell you what the root cause is (which package requires what). You can try redoing the upgrade with --exclude glibc.otherarch ... this should give you an error message showing the root cause of the problem. 2. You have multiple architectures of glibc installed, but yum can only see an upgrade for one of those architectures. If you don't want/need both architectures anymore then you can remove the one with the missing update and everything will work. 3. You have duplicate versions of glibc installed already. You can use "yum check" to get yum show these errors. ...you can also use --setopt=protected_multilib=false to remove this checking, however this is almost never the correct thing to do as something else is very likely to go wrong (often causing much more problems). Protected multilib versions: glibc-2.17-196.el7.i686 != glibc-2.17-157.el7_3.1.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: pcre-8.32-17.el7.i686 != pcre-8.32-15.el7_2.1.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: elfutils-libs-0.168-8.el7.i686 != elfutils-libs-0.166-2.el7.x86_64 ......
//查询重复的软件包 # rpm -q systemd-libs systemd-libs-219-30.el7.x86_64 systemd-libs-219-42.el7_4.1.x86_64 //删除旧版 # rpm -e systemd-libs-219-30.el7.x86_64 error: Failed dependencies: systemd-libs = 219-30.el7 is needed by (installed) libgudev1-219-30.el7.x86_64 //仍然出现依赖问题，继续查询libgudev1的版本信息 # rpm -q libgudev1 libgudev1-219-30.el7.x86_64 //发现只有一个版本，升级试一下 # yum update libgudev1 ...... Updated: libgudev1.x86_64 0:219-42.el7_4.1 Complete! # rpm -q libgudev1 libgudev1-219-42.el7_4.1.x86_64 //升级完成后，删除旧版本的systemd-libs # rpm -e systemd-libs-219-30.el7.x86_64 # rpm -q systemd-libs systemd-libs-219-42.el7_4.1.x86_64
rpm -q package-names rpm -e package-full-version