[Leetcode] 144. 二叉树的前序遍历 java

 给定一个二叉树,返回它的 前序 遍历。

 示例:

输入: [1,null,2,3]  
   1
    \
     2
    /
   3 

输出: [1,2,3]

进阶: 递归算法很简单,你可以通过迭代算法完成吗?

一、递归

/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * public class TreeNode {
 *     int val;
 *     TreeNode left;
 *     TreeNode right;
 *     TreeNode(int x) { val = x; }
 * }
 */
class Solution {
    public List<Integer> preorderTraversal(TreeNode root) {
        List<Integer> list=new ArrayList<>();
        if(root==null) return list;
        recursion(root,list);
        return list;
    }   
    public void recursion(TreeNode root,List<Integer> list){
        if(root==null) return;
        else{
            list.add(root.val);
            recursion(root.left,list);
            recursion(root.right,list);
        }
    }
}

二、迭代

/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * public class TreeNode {
 *     int val;
 *     TreeNode left;
 *     TreeNode right;
 *     TreeNode(int x) { val = x; }
 * }
 */
class Solution {
    public List<Integer> preorderTraversal(TreeNode root) {
	    List<Integer> list=new ArrayList<>();
        Stack<TreeNode> stack=new Stack<>();
        if(root==null) return list;
        stack.push(root);
        while(!stack.isEmpty()){
            TreeNode curr=stack.pop();
            list.add(curr.val);
            if(curr.right!=null) stack.push(curr.right);
            if(curr.left!=null) stack.push(curr.left);
        }
        return list;
    }
}

 

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