android--设置TextView部分文字的颜色和背景(高亮显示)

设置部分文字背景高亮显示:
Java代码 复制代码  收藏代码
  1. public class HighLightActivity extends Activity {   
  2.     String strs="我的心太乱了,给我点空白。";   
  3.     TextView textview;   
  4.     int start =3;   
  5.     int end = 5;   
  6.     /** Called when the activity is first created. */  
  7.     @Override  
  8.     public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {   
  9.         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);   
  10.         setContentView(R.layout.high_light);   
  11.         textview=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.textview);   
  12.         SpannableStringBuilder style=new SpannableStringBuilder(strs);   
  13.         style.setSpan(new BackgroundColorSpan(Color.RED),start,end,Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);   
  14.         textview.setText(style);   
  15.            
  16.     }   
  17.   
  18. }  
public class HighLightActivity extends Activity {
	String strs="我的心太乱了,给我点空白。";
	TextView textview;
	int start =3;
	int end = 5;
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.high_light);
        textview=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.textview);
        SpannableStringBuilder style=new SpannableStringBuilder(strs);
        style.setSpan(new BackgroundColorSpan(Color.RED),start,end,Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
        textview.setText(style);
        
    }

}


显示效果:



同时设置文字和背景高亮显示:
Java代码 复制代码  收藏代码
  1. package com.justel.contact;   
  2.   
  3. import android.app.Activity;   
  4. import android.graphics.Color;   
  5. import android.os.Bundle;   
  6. import android.text.Spannable;   
  7. import android.text.SpannableStringBuilder;   
  8. import android.text.style.BackgroundColorSpan;   
  9. import android.text.style.ForegroundColorSpan;   
  10. import android.widget.TextView;   
  11.   
  12. public class HighLightActivity extends Activity {   
  13.     String strs="我的心太乱了,给我点空白。";   
  14.     TextView textview;   
  15.     int start =3;   
  16.     int end = 5;   
  17.     /** Called when the activity is first created. */  
  18.     @Override  
  19.     public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {   
  20.         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);   
  21.         setContentView(R.layout.high_light);   
  22.         textview=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.textview);   
  23.         SpannableStringBuilder style=new SpannableStringBuilder(strs);   
  24.         style.setSpan(new BackgroundColorSpan(Color.RED),start,end,Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);   
  25.         style.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.RED),7,9,Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);   
  26.         textview.setText(style);   
  27.            
  28.     }   
  29.   
  30. }  
package com.justel.contact;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.text.Spannable;
import android.text.SpannableStringBuilder;
import android.text.style.BackgroundColorSpan;
import android.text.style.ForegroundColorSpan;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class HighLightActivity extends Activity {
	String strs="我的心太乱了,给我点空白。";
	TextView textview;
	int start =3;
	int end = 5;
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.high_light);
        textview=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.textview);
        SpannableStringBuilder style=new SpannableStringBuilder(strs);
        style.setSpan(new BackgroundColorSpan(Color.RED),start,end,Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
        style.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.RED),7,9,Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE);
        textview.setText(style);
        
    }

}


显示效果:



参数说明:
Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE
API里面解释:Spans of type SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE do not expand to include text inserted at either their starting or ending point. They can never have a length of 0 and are automatically removed from the buffer if all the text they cover is removed.
即在原文本头或尾追加新文本的样式不受原文本样式影响,原文本高亮,新追加文本不高亮。

Spannable.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_INCLUSIVE
API里面解释:Non-0-length spans of type SPAN_INCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE expand to include text inserted at their ending point but not at their starting point. When 0-length, they behave like points.
即在原文本尾追加新文本的样式受原文本样式影响,原来文本尾高亮,新追加文本也高亮。
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