Android获取Android控件的宽和高

我们都知道在onCreate()里面获取控件的高度是0,这是为什么呢?我们来看一下示例:

首先我们自己写一个控件,这个控件非常简单:

  1. public class MyImageViewextends ImageView { 
  2.  
  3.     public MyImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) { 
  4.         super(context, attrs); 
  5.     } 
  6.     public MyImageView(Context context) { 
  7.         super(context); 
  8.     } 
  9.      
  10.     @Override 
  11.     protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec,int heightMeasureSpec) { 
  12.         super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec); 
  13.         System.out.println("onMeasure 我被调用了"+System.currentTimeMillis()); 
  14.     } 
  15.      
  16.     @Override 
  17.     protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) { 
  18.         super.onDraw(canvas); 
  19.         System.out.println("onDraw 我被调用了"+System.currentTimeMillis()); 
  20.     } 
  21.  
public class MyImageView extends ImageView {

	public MyImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
		super(context, attrs);
	}
	public MyImageView(Context context) {
		super(context);
	}
	
	@Override
	protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
		super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
		System.out.println("onMeasure 我被调用了"+System.currentTimeMillis());
	}
	
	@Override
	protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
		super.onDraw(canvas);
		System.out.println("onDraw 我被调用了"+System.currentTimeMillis());
	}

}


布局文件:

  1. <com.test.MyImageView 
  2.     android:id="@+id/imageview" 
  3.     android:layout_width="wrap_content" 
  4.     android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
  5.     android:src="@drawable/test" /> 
    <com.test.MyImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageview"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:src="@drawable/test" />

测试的Activity的onCreate():

  1. @Override 
  2. public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
  3.     super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
  4.     setContentView(R.layout.main);         
  5.     System.out.println("执行完毕.."+System.currentTimeMillis()); 
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);        
        System.out.println("执行完毕.."+System.currentTimeMillis());
    }
现在我们现在来看一下结果:


说明等onCreate方法执行完了,我们定义的控件才会被度量(measure),所以我们在onCreate方法里面通过view.getHeight()获取控件的高度或者宽度肯定是0,因为它自己还没有被度量,也就是说他自己都不知道自己有多高,而你这时候去获取它的尺寸,肯定是不行的.


现在碰到这个问题我们不能不解决,在网上找到了如下办法:

  1. //------------------------------------------------方法一 
  2. int w = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED); 
  3. int h = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED); 
  4. imageView.measure(w, h); 
  5. int height =imageView.getMeasuredHeight(); 
  6. int width =imageView.getMeasuredWidth(); 
  7. textView.append("\n"+height+","+width); 
  8.  
  9.  
  10.  
  11.  
  12. //-----------------------------------------------方法二 
  13. ViewTreeObserver vto = imageView.getViewTreeObserver(); 
  14. vto.addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener() { 
  15.     public boolean onPreDraw() { 
  16.         int height = imageView.getMeasuredHeight(); 
  17.         int width = imageView.getMeasuredWidth(); 
  18.         textView.append("\n"+height+","+width); 
  19.         return true
  20.     } 
  21. }); 
  22. //-----------------------------------------------方法三   
  23. ViewTreeObserver vto2 = imageView.getViewTreeObserver();   
  24. vto2.addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new OnGlobalLayoutListener() { 
  25.     @Override   
  26.     public void onGlobalLayout() { 
  27.         imageView.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(this);   
  28.         textView.append("\n\n"+imageView.getHeight()+","+imageView.getWidth()); 
  29.     }   
  30. });   
        //------------------------------------------------方法一
        int w = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        int h = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        imageView.measure(w, h);
        int height =imageView.getMeasuredHeight();
        int width =imageView.getMeasuredWidth();
        textView.append("\n"+height+","+width);
        
        
        

        //-----------------------------------------------方法二
        ViewTreeObserver vto = imageView.getViewTreeObserver();
        vto.addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener() {
            public boolean onPreDraw() {
                int height = imageView.getMeasuredHeight();
                int width = imageView.getMeasuredWidth();
                textView.append("\n"+height+","+width);
                return true;
            }
        });
        //-----------------------------------------------方法三   
        ViewTreeObserver vto2 = imageView.getViewTreeObserver();  
        vto2.addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
            @Override  
            public void onGlobalLayout() {
            	imageView.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(this);  
                textView.append("\n\n"+imageView.getHeight()+","+imageView.getWidth());
            }  
        });  

这三个方法是哪里找到现在已经忘了.


现在要讨论的是当我们需要时候使用哪个方法呢?

现在把测试的Activity改成如下:

  1. @Override 
  2.   public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
  3.       super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
  4.       setContentView(R.layout.main); 
  5.       final ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageview);       
  6.        
  7.       //------------------------------------------------方法一 
  8.       int w = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED); 
  9.       int h = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED); 
  10.       imageView.measure(w, h); 
  11.       int height =imageView.getMeasuredHeight(); 
  12.       int width =imageView.getMeasuredWidth(); 
  13.       textView.append("\n"+height+","+width); 
  14.        
  15.       System.out.println("执行完毕.."+System.currentTimeMillis()); 
  16.   } 
  @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        final ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageview);      
        
        //------------------------------------------------方法一
        int w = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        int h = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0,View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
        imageView.measure(w, h);
        int height =imageView.getMeasuredHeight();
        int width =imageView.getMeasuredWidth();
        textView.append("\n"+height+","+width);
        
        System.out.println("执行完毕.."+System.currentTimeMillis());
    }



接着来看下面几种方式输出结果:

把测试Activity改成如下:

  1. @Override 
  2. public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
  3.     super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
  4.     setContentView(R.layout.main); 
  5.     final ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageview); 
  6. -----------------------------------------------方法二 
  7.     ViewTreeObserver vto = imageView.getViewTreeObserver(); 
  8.     vto.addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener() { 
  9.         public boolean onPreDraw() { 
  10.             int height = imageView.getMeasuredHeight(); 
  11.             int width = imageView.getMeasuredWidth(); 
  12.             textView.append("\n"+height+","+width); 
  13.             return true
  14.         } 
  15.     }); 
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        final ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageview);
		//-----------------------------------------------方法二
        ViewTreeObserver vto = imageView.getViewTreeObserver();
        vto.addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener() {
            public boolean onPreDraw() {
                int height = imageView.getMeasuredHeight();
                int width = imageView.getMeasuredWidth();
                textView.append("\n"+height+","+width);
                return true;
            }
        });
    }

结果如下:



方法三就不再测试了同方法二!!!


那么方法而和方法三在执行上有什么区别呢?

我们在布局文件中加入一个TextView来记录这个控件的宽高.

  1. <ScrollView 
  2.     android:layout_width="wrap_content" 
  3.     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  4.  
  5.     <TextView 
  6.         android:id="@+id/text" 
  7.         android:layout_width="wrap_content" 
  8.         android:layout_height="wrap_content" /> 
  9. </ScrollView> 
    <ScrollView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" >

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/text"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    </ScrollView>

先来测试方法而:

  1. @Override 
  2. public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
  3.     super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
  4.     setContentView(R.layout.main); 
  5.     final ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageview); 
  6. -----------------------------------------------方法二 
  7.     ViewTreeObserver vto = imageView.getViewTreeObserver(); 
  8.     vto.addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener() { 
  9.         public boolean onPreDraw() { 
  10.             int height = imageView.getMeasuredHeight(); 
  11.             int width = imageView.getMeasuredWidth(); 
  12.             textView.append("\n"+height+","+width); 
  13.             return true
  14.         } 
  15.     }); 
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        final ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageview);
		//-----------------------------------------------方法二
        ViewTreeObserver vto = imageView.getViewTreeObserver();
        vto.addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener() {
            public boolean onPreDraw() {
                int height = imageView.getMeasuredHeight();
                int width = imageView.getMeasuredWidth();
                textView.append("\n"+height+","+width);
                return true;
            }
        });
    }

结果如下:



我们再来测试方法三

  1. @Override 
  2. public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
  3.     super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
  4.     setContentView(R.layout.main); 
  5.     final ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageview); 
  6.     //-----------------------------------------------方法三   
  7.     ViewTreeObserver vto2 = imageView.getViewTreeObserver();   
  8.     vto2.addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new OnGlobalLayoutListener() { 
  9.         @Override   
  10.         public void onGlobalLayout() { 
  11.             imageView.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(this);   
  12.             textView.append("\n\n"+imageView.getHeight()+","+imageView.getWidth()); 
  13.         }   
  14.     });   
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        final ImageView imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageview);
        //-----------------------------------------------方法三   
        ViewTreeObserver vto2 = imageView.getViewTreeObserver();  
        vto2.addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
            @Override  
            public void onGlobalLayout() {
            	imageView.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(this);  
                textView.append("\n\n"+imageView.getHeight()+","+imageView.getWidth());
            }  
        });  
    }

输出结果如下:



我想这方法二和方法三之间的区别就不用说了吧.

总结:那么需要获取控件的宽高该用那个方法呢?

方法一: 比其他的两个方法多了一次计算,也就是多调用了一次onMeasure()方法,该方法虽然看上去简单,但是如果要目标控件计算耗时比较大的话(如listView等),不建议使用.

方法二,它的回调方法会调用很多次,并且滑动TextView的时候任然会调用,所以不建议使用.

方法三,比较合适.

当然,实际应用的时候需要根据实际情况而定.


转载于::http://blog.csdn.net/johnny901114/article/details/7839512

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