C++ socket编程 实现服务端与客户端的通讯

服务器端程序:


// Server.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "winsock2.h"
#pragma comment(lib, "ws2_32.lib")
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
	const int BUF_SIZE = 64;
	WSADATA			wsd;			//WSADATA变量
	SOCKET			sServer;		//服务器套接字
	SOCKET			sClient;		//客户端套接字
	SOCKADDR_IN		addrServ;;		//服务器地址
	char			buf[BUF_SIZE];	//接收数据缓冲区
	char			sendBuf[BUF_SIZE];//返回给客户端得数据
	int				retVal;			//返回值
	//初始化套结字动态库
	if (WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2,2), &wsd) != 0)
	{
		cout << "WSAStartup failed!" << endl;
		return 1;
	}
	
	//创建套接字
	sServer = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);	
	if(INVALID_SOCKET == sServer)
	{
		cout << "socket failed!" << endl;
		WSACleanup();//释放套接字资源;
		return  -1;
	}
	
	//服务器套接字地址 
	addrServ.sin_family = AF_INET;
	addrServ.sin_port = htons(4999);
	addrServ.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;		
	//绑定套接字
	retVal = bind(sServer, (LPSOCKADDR)&addrServ, sizeof(SOCKADDR_IN));
	if(SOCKET_ERROR == retVal)
	{	
		cout << "bind failed!" << endl;
		closesocket(sServer);	//关闭套接字
		WSACleanup();			//释放套接字资源;
		return -1;
	}
	
	//开始监听 
	retVal = listen(sServer, 1);
	if(SOCKET_ERROR == retVal)
	{
		cout << "listen failed!" << endl;		
		closesocket(sServer);	//关闭套接字
		WSACleanup();			//释放套接字资源;
		return -1;
	}
	
	//接受客户端请求
	sockaddr_in addrClient;
	int addrClientlen = sizeof(addrClient);
	sClient = accept(sServer,(sockaddr FAR*)&addrClient, &addrClientlen);
	if(INVALID_SOCKET == sClient)
	{
		cout << "accept failed!" << endl;		
		closesocket(sServer);	//关闭套接字
		WSACleanup();			//释放套接字资源;
		return -1;
	}
	
	while(true)
	{
		//接收客户端数据
		ZeroMemory(buf, BUF_SIZE);
		retVal = recv(sClient, buf, BUF_SIZE, 0);
		if (SOCKET_ERROR == retVal)
		{
			cout << "recv failed!" << endl;		
			closesocket(sServer);	//关闭套接字
			closesocket(sClient);	//关闭套接字		
			WSACleanup();			//释放套接字资源;
			return -1;
		}
		if(buf[0] == '0')
			break;
		cout << "客户端发送的数据: " << buf <<endl;
		
		cout << "向客户端发送数据: " ;
		cin >> sendBuf;
		
		send(sClient, sendBuf, strlen(sendBuf), 0);
	}
	
	//退出
	closesocket(sServer);	//关闭套接字
	closesocket(sClient);	//关闭套接字
	WSACleanup();			//释放套接字资源;
	
	return 0;
}


客户端程序:


#include "winsock2.h"
#include <iostream>
#pragma comment(lib, "ws2_32.lib")

using namespace std;
BOOL RecvLine(SOCKET s, char* buf); //读取一行数据

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
const int BUF_SIZE = 64;

WSADATA wsd; //WSADATA变量
SOCKET sHost; //服务器套接字
SOCKADDR_IN servAddr; //服务器地址
char buf[BUF_SIZE]; //接收数据缓冲区
char bufRecv[BUF_SIZE];
int retVal; //返回值
//初始化套结字动态库
if (WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2,2), &wsd) != 0)
{
cout << "WSAStartup failed!" << endl;
return -1;
}
//创建套接字
sHost = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);
if(INVALID_SOCKET == sHost)
{
cout << "socket failed!" << endl;
WSACleanup();//释放套接字资源
return  -1;
}

//设置服务器地址
servAddr.sin_family =AF_INET;
servAddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");
servAddr.sin_port = htons((short)4999);
int nServAddlen  = sizeof(servAddr);

//连接服务器
retVal=connect(sHost,(LPSOCKADDR)&servAddr, sizeof(servAddr));
if(SOCKET_ERROR == retVal)
{
cout << "connect failed!" << endl;
closesocket(sHost); //关闭套接字
WSACleanup(); //释放套接字资源
return -1;
}
while(true)
{
//向服务器发送数据
ZeroMemory(buf, BUF_SIZE);
cout << " 向服务器发送数据:  ";
cin >> buf;
retVal = send(sHost, buf, strlen(buf), 0);
if (SOCKET_ERROR == retVal)
{
cout << "send failed!" << endl;
closesocket(sHost); //关闭套接字
WSACleanup(); //释放套接字资源
return -1;
}
//RecvLine(sHost, bufRecv);
ZeroMemory(bufRecv, BUF_SIZE);
recv(sHost, bufRecv,BUF_SIZE , 0); // 接收服务器端的数据, 只接收5个字符
cout << endl <<"从服务器接收数据:"<< bufRecv;
cout<<"\n";
}
//退出
closesocket(sHost); //关闭套接字
WSACleanup(); //释放套接字资源
return 0;
}


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