(2) flume 入门学习 HelloWorld 及HDFS 遇到的问题 总结

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/pandajava/article/details/41945087

(1) HelloWorld 

Starting an agent

An agent is started using a shell script called flume-ng which is located in the bin directory of the Flume distribution. You need to specify the agent name, the config directory, and the config file on the command line:

$ bin/flume-ng agent -n $agent_name -c conf -f conf/flume-conf.properties.template

Now the agent will start running source and sinks configured in the given properties file.

A simple example

Here, we give an example configuration file, describing a single-node Flume deployment. This configuration lets a user generate events and subsequently logs them to the console.

# example.conf: A single-node Flume configuration

# Name the components on this agent
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1
a1.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = netcat
a1.sources.r1.bind = localhost
a1.sources.r1.port = 44444

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = logger

# Use a channel which buffers events in memory
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1

This configuration defines a single agent named a1. a1 has a source that listens for data on port 44444, a channel that buffers event data in memory, and a sink that logs event data to the console. The configuration file names the various components, then describes their types and configuration parameters. A given configuration file might define several named agents; when a given Flume process is launched a flag is passed telling it which named agent to manifest.

Given this configuration file, we can start Flume as follows:

$ bin/flume-ng agent --conf conf --conf-file example.conf --name a1 -Dflume.root.logger=INFO,console

Note that in a full deployment we would typically include one more option: --conf=<conf-dir>. The <conf-dir> directory would include a shell script flume-env.sh and potentially a log4j properties file. In this example, we pass a Java option to force Flume to log to the console and we go without a custom environment script.

From a separate terminal, we can then telnet port 44444 and send Flume an event:

$ telnet localhost 44444
Connected to localhost.localdomain (
Escape character is '^]'.
Hello world! <ENTER>

The original Flume terminal will output the event in a log message.

12/06/19 15:32:19 INFO source.NetcatSource: Source starting
12/06/19 15:32:19 INFO source.NetcatSource: Created serverSocket:sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketChannelImpl[/]
12/06/19 15:32:34 INFO sink.LoggerSink: Event: { headers:{} body: 48 65 6C 6C 6F 20 77 6F 72 6C 64 21 0D          Hello world!. }

Congratulations - you’ve successfully configured and deployed a Flume agent! Subsequent sections cover agent configuration in much more detail.


(2)单节点 Flume 直接写入 HDFS

查阅文章:http://my.oschina.net/leejun2005/blog/288136#OSC_h2_10 按照3.2章节练习(flume版本1.5.2)


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2014-12-15 17:22:28,418 (conf-file-poller-0) [ERROR - org.apache.flume.node.PollingPropertiesFileConfigurationProvider$FileWatcherRunnable.run(PollingPropertiesFileConfigurationProvider.java:145)] Failed to start agent because dependencies were not found in classpath. Error follows.
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/hadoop/io/SequenceFile$CompressionType
at org.apache.flume.sink.hdfs.HDFSEventSink.configure(HDFSEventSink.java:251)
at org.apache.flume.conf.Configurables.configure(Configurables.java:41)
at org.apache.flume.node.AbstractConfigurationProvider.loadSinks(AbstractConfigurationProvider.java:418)
at org.apache.flume.node.AbstractConfigurationProvider.getConfiguration(AbstractConfigurationProvider.java:103)
at org.apache.flume.node.PollingPropertiesFileConfigurationProvider$FileWatcherRunnable.run(PollingPropertiesFileConfigurationProvider.java:140)
at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:471)
at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.runAndReset(FutureTask.java:304)
at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$ScheduledFutureTask.access$301(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:178)
at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$ScheduledFutureTask.run(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:293)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.hadoop.io.SequenceFile$CompressionType
at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:366)
at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:355)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:354)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:425)
at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:308)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:358)
... 12 more

意思就是:在类路径下找不到什么什么calss.....应该是缺少jar包了 。网上折腾了半天,官网的说明也看了。

单节点flume写入HDFS中 用到的sink是 HDFS Sink。

This sink writes events into the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). It currently supports creating text and sequence files. It supports compression in both file types. The files can be rolled (close current file and create a new one) periodically based on the elapsed time or size of data or number of events. It also buckets/partitions data by attributes like timestamp or machine where the event originated. The HDFS directory path may contain formatting escape sequences that will replaced by the HDFS sink to generate a directory/file name to store the events. Using this sink requires hadoop to be installed so that Flume can use the Hadoop jars to communicate with the HDFS cluster. Note that a version of Hadoop that supports the sync() call is required.


(1)org/apache/hadoop/io/SequenceFile$CompressionType  是在hadoop-2.3.0-cdh5.1.0\share\hadoop\common\hadoop-common-2.3.0-cdh5.1.0.jar中 , 将该jar包放到flume的lib包中。再起动还是报同样的错。

(2)查看env (服务器装了两个flume  A配置了FLUME_HOME,B我练习的没有配置),于是进到conf中修改flume-env.sh


(3)再起报错 Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.commons.configuration.Configuration

缺少了 commons-configuration-1.6.jar 包。添上。

(4)再起报错 Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.hadoop.util.PlatformName

缺少 hadoop-auth-2.3.0-cdh5.1.0.jar 包。添上。


2014-12-15 17:42:34,356 (SinkRunner-PollingRunner-DefaultSinkProcessor) [WARN - org.apache.flume.sink.hdfs.HDFSEventSink.process(HDFSEventSink.java:463)] HDFS IO error
java.io.IOException: No FileSystem for scheme: hdfs

缺少 hadoop-hdfs-2.3.0-cdh5.1.0.jar 包。添上


理论上 就是flume的 hdfs sink需要用到hadoop的上述jar包。 懒得一个一个错误的排查可直接将hadoop share下的所有jar包 拷贝一份移至



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包不少了 又报错
org.apache.flume.sink.hdfs.BucketWriter.close(BucketWriter.java:428)] HDFSWriter is already closed
java.net.NoRouteToHostException: No Route to Host from  gz-asp-nginx-10802106/ to failed on socket timeout exception: java.net.NoRouteToHostException: No route to host; For more details see:  http://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/NoRouteToHost

Caused by: java.net.NoRouteToHostException: No route to host

保通信错误: 猜测应该是 本机 与 hdfs集群不在一个网络上。

telnet ip及端口信息

telnet 9111
telnet: connect to address No route to host
telnet: Unable to connect to remote host: No route to host