Thinking in java 第21章 并发 12.2.11 加入一个线程

        一个线程可以在其他线程之上调用join()方法,其效果是等待一段时间直到第二个线程结束才继续执行。如果某个线程在另一个线程T上调用T.join(),此线程将被挂起,知道目标线程结束才恢复(t.isAlive() == false)

        也可以在调用join()时带上一个超时参数(单位时间自己决定),如果目标线程在这个时间没有结束,join()也将返回。

        对join()方法的调用可以被中断,做法是在调用线程上调用interrupt()方法,这时需要用到try - catch

下面是一个demo:

class Sleeper extends Thread{

    private final int duration;

    public Sleeper(String name,int sleepTime){
        super(name);
        duration = sleepTime;
        start();
    }

    public void run(){
        try {
            sleep(duration);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            System.out.println(getName() + "was interrupted. " + "isInterrupted(): " + isInterrupted());
            return;
        }
        System.out.println(getName() + " has awakened");
    }
}

class Joiner extends Thread {

    private Sleeper sleeper;

    public Joiner(String name,Sleeper sleeper){
        super(name);
        this.sleeper = sleeper;
        start();
    }
    @Override
    public void run(){

        try {
            sleeper.join();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        System.out.println(getName() + " join completed");
    }

}

public class Joining {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Sleeper sleeper = new Sleeper("Sleepy",1500);
        Sleeper grumpy = new Sleeper("Grumpy",1500);
        Joiner dopey = new Joiner("Dopey",sleeper);
        Joiner doc = new Joiner("Doc",grumpy);
        grumpy.interrupt();
    }
}

      sleeper是一个Thread ,他要休眠一段时间,在这期间,有可能是正常返回,也有可能调用了Interrupte方法而抛出异常,interrupte()方法给线程加上了一个状态,说明当前线程已经中断,isInterrupted()是返回这个状态值,并刷新这个状态,而异常捕获也会清理这个状态值,所以异常捕获种,isInterrupted()总是false.

下面是结果:

Grumpywas interrupted. isInterrupted(): false
Doc join completed
Sleepy has awakened
Dopey join completed

 

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