java序列化&反序列化对比

下面就java常用的序列化来做一个比较,分别是java自身的序列化,xml,json,protostuff序列化

先来看看他们的实现

一、java自身序列化

<span style="font-size:18px;">package com.plateno.web.util;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;

import com.plateno.platform.dto.UserDTO;

public class JavaSerialized {

	public static byte[] serialize(Object obj) {
		ObjectOutputStream oos = null;
		try {
			ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
			oos = new ObjectOutputStream(baos);
			oos.writeObject(obj);
			byte[] b = baos.toByteArray();
			return b;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} finally {
			if(oos != null) {
				try {
					oos.close();
				} catch (IOException e) {
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			}
		}
		return null;
	}
	public static Object deserilize(byte[] b) {
		ObjectInputStream ois = null;
		try {
			ByteArrayInputStream bais = new ByteArrayInputStream(b);
			ois = new ObjectInputStream(bais);
			Object obj = ois.readObject();
			return obj;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} finally {
			if(ois != null) {
				try {
					ois.close();
				} catch (IOException e) {
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			}
		}
		return null;
	}
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		UserDTO dto = new UserDTO();
		long begin = System.nanoTime();
		byte[] b = serialize(dto);
		System.out.println(System.nanoTime() - begin);//10.2ms
		begin = System.nanoTime();
		UserDTO oo = (UserDTO)deserilize(b);
		System.out.println(System.nanoTime() - begin);//1.8
		System.out.println(b.length);//910
		
	}

}
</span>

二、xml序列化:

<span style="font-size:18px;">package com.plateno.util;

import java.io.StringReader;
import java.io.StringWriter;

import javax.xml.bind.JAXBContext;
import javax.xml.bind.JAXBException;
import javax.xml.bind.Marshaller;
import javax.xml.bind.Unmarshaller;

import com.plateno.platform.dto.UserDTO;

public class XmlUtils {

	public static String obj2xml(Object obj, Class<?> clz) {
		try {
			JAXBContext jaxb = JAXBContext.newInstance(clz);
			Marshaller marshaller = jaxb.createMarshaller();
			StringWriter writer = new StringWriter();
			marshaller.marshal(obj, writer);
			return writer.toString();
		} catch (JAXBException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return null;
	}
	
	@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
	public static <T> T xml2obj(String xml, Class<T> clz) {
		try {
			JAXBContext jaxb = JAXBContext.newInstance(clz);
			Unmarshaller unmarshaller = jaxb.createUnmarshaller();
			StringReader reader = new StringReader(xml);
			return (T)unmarshaller.unmarshal(reader);
		} catch (JAXBException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return null;
	}
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		UserDTO dto = new UserDTO();
		long begin = System.nanoTime();
		String xml = XmlUtils.obj2xml(dto, UserDTO.class);
		System.out.println(System.nanoTime() - begin);//95ms
		begin = System.nanoTime();
		UserDTO o = XmlUtils.xml2obj(xml, UserDTO.class);
		System.out.println(System.nanoTime() - begin);//25
		System.out.println(xml.length());//552
	}

}
</span>

三、json序列化:

<span style="font-size:18px;">package com.plateno.util;

import org.codehaus.jackson.map.ObjectMapper;

import com.plateno.platform.dto.UserDTO;

public class JsonUtils {

	private final static ObjectMapper map = new ObjectMapper();
	
	public static <T> T json2obj(String json, Class<T> clz) {
		try {
			return map.readValue(json, clz);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return null;
	}
	
	public static <T> String obj2json(T obj) {
		try {
			return map.writeValueAsString(obj);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return null;
	}
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		UserDTO dto = new UserDTO();
		long begin = System.nanoTime();
		String json = JsonUtils.obj2json(dto);
		System.out.println(System.nanoTime() - begin);//51ms
		begin = System.nanoTime();
		UserDTO aa = JsonUtils.json2obj(json, UserDTO.class);
		System.out.println(System.nanoTime() - begin);//23
		System.out.println(json.length());//298
	}

}
</span>

四、protostuff序列化:

<span style="font-size:18px;">package com.plateno.web.util;

import com.dyuproject.protostuff.Schema;
import com.dyuproject.protostuff.SmileIOUtil;
import com.dyuproject.protostuff.runtime.RuntimeSchema;
import com.plateno.platform.dto.UserDTO;

public class ProtostuffSerialized {

	public static <T> byte[] serialize(T obj, Class<T> clz) {
		try {
			Schema<T> schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(clz);
			byte[] bytes = SmileIOUtil.toByteArray(obj, schema, false);
			return bytes;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return null;
	}
	
	public static <T> T deserialize(byte[] bytes, Class<T> clz) {
		try {
			Schema<T> schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(clz);
			T obj = schema.newMessage();
			SmileIOUtil.mergeFrom(bytes, obj, schema, false);
			return obj;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return null;
	}
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		UserDTO dto = new UserDTO();
		long begin = System.nanoTime();
		byte[] b = serialize(dto, UserDTO.class);
		System.out.println(System.nanoTime() - begin);//9ms
		begin = System.nanoTime();
		UserDTO o = deserialize(b, UserDTO.class);
		System.out.println(System.nanoTime() - begin);//6.9ms
		System.out.println(b.length);//245
	}

}
</span>

总结

从上面比较可以看出,java自身序列化最快,但是序列化后长度最长,不便于网络传输,json和xml序列化都比较慢,json要比xml快,数据也比xml短,他们都比较容易阅读,xml阅读性优于json,protostuff序列化跟java自身序列化耗时差不多,但是其长度最短,适于网络传输及存储。

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文章标签: java序列化
个人分类: java序列化
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