通过Idea远程调试Hadoop集群

      早期的开发中经常用eclipse远程调试Hadoop集群,近期Idea的市场占有率逐渐增加,本文介绍如何在通过Idea远程调试Hadoop集群。

一、工程截图

工程截图

二、操作流程
  1. Idea中新建项目
  2. 将hadoop依赖的jar包追加到工程的lib目录中,或通过maven增加依赖jar。
  3. 在resource目录中,添加core-site.xml、hdfs-site.xml、log4j.properties文件
  • core-site.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="configuration.xsl"?>
<configuration>
<!-- Hadoop文件系统依赖的基础配置 -->
<property>
<name>hadoop.tmp.dir</name>
<value>/home/hadoopadmin/hadoop/data</value>
</property>
<!-- NameNode结点的URI(包括协议、主机名称、端口号) -->
<property>
<name>fs.defaultFS</name>
<value>hdfs://L0:8020</value>
</property>
</configuration>

  • hdfs-site.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="configuration.xsl"?>
<configuration>
<!-- secondarynamenode的http服务器地址和端口 -->
<property>
<name>dfs.namenode.secondary.http-address</name>
<value>L0:50090</value>
</property>
<!-- 默认块复制 -->
<property>
<name>dfs.replication</name>
<value>2</value>
</property>
<!-- namenode的http服务器地址和端口 -->
<property>
<name>dfs.namenode.http-address</name>
<value>L0:50070</value>
</property>
<!-- datanode结点被指定要存储数据的本地文件系统路径 -->
<property>
<name>dfs.datanode.data.dir</name>
<value>file:///home/hadoopadmin/hadoop/data/dfs/dn</value>
</property>
</configuration>

  • log4j.properties(见本文末尾附录)
  1. WordCount.java
package com.edwin.hadooptest;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;
import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.IntWritable;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Mapper;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Reducer;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.input.FileInputFormat;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.output.FileOutputFormat;
import org.apache.hadoop.util.GenericOptionsParser;

public class WordCount {

    public static class TokenizerMapper extends
            Mapper<Object, Text, Text, IntWritable> {
        private final static IntWritable one = new IntWritable(1);
        private Text word = new Text();

        public void map(Object key, Text value, Context context)
                throws IOException, InterruptedException {
            StringTokenizer itr = new StringTokenizer(value.toString());
            while (itr.hasMoreTokens()) {
                word.set(itr.nextToken());
                context.write(word, one);
            }
        }
    }

    public static class IntSumReducer extends
            Reducer<Text, IntWritable, Text, IntWritable> {
        private IntWritable result = new IntWritable();

        public void reduce(Text key, Iterable<IntWritable> values,
                           Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {
            int sum = 0;
            for (IntWritable val : values) {
                sum += val.get();
            }
            result.set(sum);
            context.write(key, result);
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        Configuration conf = new Configuration();
        String[] otherArgs = new GenericOptionsParser(conf, args)
                .getRemainingArgs();
        if (otherArgs.length != 2) {
            System.err.println("Usage: wordcount <in> <out>");
            System.exit(2);
        }

        Job job = new Job(conf, "word count");
        job.setJarByClass(WordCount.class);
        job.setMapperClass(TokenizerMapper.class);
        job.setCombinerClass(IntSumReducer.class);

        job.setReducerClass(IntSumReducer.class);
        job.setOutputKeyClass(Text.class);

        job.setOutputValueClass(IntWritable.class);
        FileInputFormat.addInputPath(job, new Path(otherArgs[0]));
        FileOutputFormat.setOutputPath(job, new Path(otherArgs[1]));
        job.setNumReduceTasks(2);
        System.exit(job.waitForCompletion(true) ? 0 : 1);
    }
}

  1. 配置运行
  • 输入程序启动参数
    输入程序启动参数
  1. 运行程序
    如果出现权限不足(permission denied),通过HDFS命令修改目录权限 【hdfs dfs -chmod 777 /output】

附录:

log4j.properties


hadoop.root.logger=INFO,console
hadoop.log.dir=.
hadoop.log.file=hadoop.log

log4j.rootLogger=${hadoop.root.logger}, EventCounter

log4j.threshold=ALL

# Null Appender
log4j.appender.NullAppender=org.apache.log4j.varia.NullAppender

#
# Rolling File Appender - cap space usage at 5gb.
#
hadoop.log.maxfilesize=256MB
hadoop.log.maxbackupindex=20
log4j.appender.RFA=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.RFA.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/${hadoop.log.file}

log4j.appender.RFA.MaxFileSize=${hadoop.log.maxfilesize}
log4j.appender.RFA.MaxBackupIndex=${hadoop.log.maxbackupindex}

log4j.appender.RFA.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout

# Pattern format: Date LogLevel LoggerName LogMessage
log4j.appender.RFA.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c: %m%n
# Debugging Pattern format
#log4j.appender.RFA.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %-5p %c{2} (%F:%M(%L)) - %m%n


#
# Daily Rolling File Appender
#

log4j.appender.DRFA=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.DRFA.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/${hadoop.log.file}

# Rollver at midnight
log4j.appender.DRFA.DatePattern=.yyyy-MM-dd

# 30-day backup
#log4j.appender.DRFA.MaxBackupIndex=30
log4j.appender.DRFA.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout

# Pattern format: Date LogLevel LoggerName LogMessage
log4j.appender.DRFA.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c: %m%n
# Debugging Pattern format
#log4j.appender.DRFA.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %-5p %c{2} (%F:%M(%L)) - %m%n


#
# console
# Add "console" to rootlogger above if you want to use this 
#

log4j.appender.console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.console.target=System.err
log4j.appender.console.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.console.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss} %p %c{2}: %m%n

#
# TaskLog Appender
#

#Default values
hadoop.tasklog.taskid=null
hadoop.tasklog.iscleanup=false
hadoop.tasklog.noKeepSplits=4
hadoop.tasklog.totalLogFileSize=100
hadoop.tasklog.purgeLogSplits=true
hadoop.tasklog.logsRetainHours=12

log4j.appender.TLA=org.apache.hadoop.mapred.TaskLogAppender
log4j.appender.TLA.taskId=${hadoop.tasklog.taskid}
log4j.appender.TLA.isCleanup=${hadoop.tasklog.iscleanup}
log4j.appender.TLA.totalLogFileSize=${hadoop.tasklog.totalLogFileSize}

log4j.appender.TLA.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.TLA.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c: %m%n

#
# HDFS block state change log from block manager
#
# Uncomment the following to suppress normal block state change
# messages from BlockManager in NameNode.
#log4j.logger.BlockStateChange=WARN

#
#Security appender
#
hadoop.security.logger=INFO,NullAppender
hadoop.security.log.maxfilesize=256MB
hadoop.security.log.maxbackupindex=20
log4j.category.SecurityLogger=${hadoop.security.logger}
hadoop.security.log.file=SecurityAuth-${user.name}.audit
log4j.appender.RFAS=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender 
log4j.appender.RFAS.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/${hadoop.security.log.file}
log4j.appender.RFAS.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.RFAS.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c: %m%n
log4j.appender.RFAS.MaxFileSize=${hadoop.security.log.maxfilesize}
log4j.appender.RFAS.MaxBackupIndex=${hadoop.security.log.maxbackupindex}

#
# Daily Rolling Security appender
#
log4j.appender.DRFAS=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender 
log4j.appender.DRFAS.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/${hadoop.security.log.file}
log4j.appender.DRFAS.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.DRFAS.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c: %m%n
log4j.appender.DRFAS.DatePattern=.yyyy-MM-dd

#
# hadoop configuration logging
#

# Uncomment the following line to turn off configuration deprecation warnings.
# log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration.deprecation=WARN

#
# hdfs audit logging
#
hdfs.audit.logger=INFO,NullAppender
hdfs.audit.log.maxfilesize=256MB
hdfs.audit.log.maxbackupindex=20
log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.audit=${hdfs.audit.logger}
log4j.additivity.org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.audit=false
log4j.appender.RFAAUDIT=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.RFAAUDIT.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/hdfs-audit.log
log4j.appender.RFAAUDIT.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.RFAAUDIT.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c{2}: %m%n
log4j.appender.RFAAUDIT.MaxFileSize=${hdfs.audit.log.maxfilesize}
log4j.appender.RFAAUDIT.MaxBackupIndex=${hdfs.audit.log.maxbackupindex}

#
# mapred audit logging
#
mapred.audit.logger=INFO,NullAppender
mapred.audit.log.maxfilesize=256MB
mapred.audit.log.maxbackupindex=20
log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.mapred.AuditLogger=${mapred.audit.logger}
log4j.additivity.org.apache.hadoop.mapred.AuditLogger=false
log4j.appender.MRAUDIT=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.MRAUDIT.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/mapred-audit.log
log4j.appender.MRAUDIT.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.MRAUDIT.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c{2}: %m%n
log4j.appender.MRAUDIT.MaxFileSize=${mapred.audit.log.maxfilesize}
log4j.appender.MRAUDIT.MaxBackupIndex=${mapred.audit.log.maxbackupindex}

# Custom Logging levels

#log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobTracker=DEBUG
#log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.mapred.TaskTracker=DEBUG
#log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.audit=DEBUG

# Jets3t library
log4j.logger.org.jets3t.service.impl.rest.httpclient.RestS3Service=ERROR

# AWS SDK & S3A FileSystem
log4j.logger.com.amazonaws=ERROR
log4j.logger.com.amazonaws.http.AmazonHttpClient=ERROR
log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.fs.s3a.S3AFileSystem=WARN

#
# Event Counter Appender
# Sends counts of logging messages at different severity levels to Hadoop Metrics.
#
log4j.appender.EventCounter=org.apache.hadoop.log.metrics.EventCounter

#
# Job Summary Appender 
#
# Use following logger to send summary to separate file defined by 
# hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.log.file :
# hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.logger=INFO,JSA
# 
hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.logger=${hadoop.root.logger}
hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.log.file=hadoop-mapreduce.jobsummary.log
hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.log.maxfilesize=256MB
hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.log.maxbackupindex=20
log4j.appender.JSA=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.JSA.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/${hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.log.file}
log4j.appender.JSA.MaxFileSize=${hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.log.maxfilesize}
log4j.appender.JSA.MaxBackupIndex=${hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.log.maxbackupindex}
log4j.appender.JSA.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.JSA.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss} %p %c{2}: %m%n
log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobInProgress$JobSummary=${hadoop.mapreduce.jobsummary.logger}
log4j.additivity.org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobInProgress$JobSummary=false

#
# Yarn ResourceManager Application Summary Log 
#
# Set the ResourceManager summary log filename
yarn.server.resourcemanager.appsummary.log.file=rm-appsummary.log
# Set the ResourceManager summary log level and appender
yarn.server.resourcemanager.appsummary.logger=${hadoop.root.logger}
#yarn.server.resourcemanager.appsummary.logger=INFO,RMSUMMARY

# To enable AppSummaryLogging for the RM, 
# set yarn.server.resourcemanager.appsummary.logger to 
# <LEVEL>,RMSUMMARY in hadoop-env.sh

# Appender for ResourceManager Application Summary Log
# Requires the following properties to be set
#    - hadoop.log.dir (Hadoop Log directory)
#    - yarn.server.resourcemanager.appsummary.log.file (resource manager app summary log filename)
#    - yarn.server.resourcemanager.appsummary.logger (resource manager app summary log level and appender)

log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.yarn.server.resourcemanager.RMAppManager$ApplicationSummary=${yarn.server.resourcemanager.appsummary.logger}
log4j.additivity.org.apache.hadoop.yarn.server.resourcemanager.RMAppManager$ApplicationSummary=false
log4j.appender.RMSUMMARY=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.RMSUMMARY.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/${yarn.server.resourcemanager.appsummary.log.file}
log4j.appender.RMSUMMARY.MaxFileSize=256MB
log4j.appender.RMSUMMARY.MaxBackupIndex=20
log4j.appender.RMSUMMARY.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.RMSUMMARY.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c{2}: %m%n

# HS audit log configs
#mapreduce.hs.audit.logger=INFO,HSAUDIT
#log4j.logger.org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.v2.hs.HSAuditLogger=${mapreduce.hs.audit.logger}
#log4j.additivity.org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.v2.hs.HSAuditLogger=false
#log4j.appender.HSAUDIT=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
#log4j.appender.HSAUDIT.File=${hadoop.log.dir}/hs-audit.log
#log4j.appender.HSAUDIT.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
#log4j.appender.HSAUDIT.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c{2}: %m%n
#log4j.appender.HSAUDIT.DatePattern=.yyyy-MM-dd

# Http Server Request Logs
#log4j.logger.http.requests.namenode=INFO,namenoderequestlog
#log4j.appender.namenoderequestlog=org.apache.hadoop.http.HttpRequestLogAppender
#log4j.appender.namenoderequestlog.Filename=${hadoop.log.dir}/jetty-namenode-yyyy_mm_dd.log
#log4j.appender.namenoderequestlog.RetainDays=3

#log4j.logger.http.requests.datanode=INFO,datanoderequestlog
#log4j.appender.datanoderequestlog=org.apache.hadoop.http.HttpRequestLogAppender
#log4j.appender.datanoderequestlog.Filename=${hadoop.log.dir}/jetty-datanode-yyyy_mm_dd.log
#log4j.appender.datanoderequestlog.RetainDays=3

#log4j.logger.http.requests.resourcemanager=INFO,resourcemanagerrequestlog
#log4j.appender.resourcemanagerrequestlog=org.apache.hadoop.http.HttpRequestLogAppender
#log4j.appender.resourcemanagerrequestlog.Filename=${hadoop.log.dir}/jetty-resourcemanager-yyyy_mm_dd.log
#log4j.appender.resourcemanagerrequestlog.RetainDays=3

#log4j.logger.http.requests.jobhistory=INFO,jobhistoryrequestlog
#log4j.appender.jobhistoryrequestlog=org.apache.hadoop.http.HttpRequestLogAppender
#log4j.appender.jobhistoryrequestlog.Filename=${hadoop.log.dir}/jetty-jobhistory-yyyy_mm_dd.log
#log4j.appender.jobhistoryrequestlog.RetainDays=3

#log4j.logger.http.requests.nodemanager=INFO,nodemanagerrequestlog
#log4j.appender.nodemanagerrequestlog=org.apache.hadoop.http.HttpRequestLogAppender
#log4j.appender.nodemanagerrequestlog.Filename=${hadoop.log.dir}/jetty-nodemanager-yyyy_mm_dd.log
#log4j.appender.nodemanagerrequestlog.RetainDays=3

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