asp.netcore 高并发下使用HttpClient的方法

 

大家都知道,使用HttpClient,在并发量不大的情况,一般没有任何问题;但是在并发量一上去,如果使用不当,会造成很严重的堵塞的情况。

解决方案如下:

一、可以参考微软官方提供的方法:https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/aspnet/core/fundamentals/http-requests?view=aspnetcore-2.2

二、我的解决方案是根据官方提供的方法,选择一种最适合项目的写法进行改造。

1、nuget添加包Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;

2、startup里ConfigureServices方法添加代码:

 

 //添加httpclient方法
            services.AddHttpClient("ApiServiceName", c =>
            {
                c.BaseAddress = new Uri(Configuration["ApiConfig:SystemService"]);//地址从配置文件appsettings.json里取
                c.Timeout = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(30);//超时间时间设置为30秒
            });

3、在需要用的地方注入进去:(一般在构造函数里)

  private ILogger logHelper;
        private readonly IHttpContextAccessor httpContextAccessor;
        private readonly IHttpClientFactory _clientFactory; 
        HttpClient client;
        public articleService(ILogger<reportService> logger, IHttpContextAccessor _httpContextAccessor, IHttpClientFactory clientFactory)
        {
            logHelper = logger;
            httpContextAccessor = _httpContextAccessor;
            _clientFactory = clientFactory;
            client = _clientFactory.CreateClient("ApiServiceName");
        }

client = _clientFactory.CreateClient("SystemService");  这句话也可以在具体的方法里执行,因为我们的项目全部都是调用接口,所以放构造函数比较省事。

4、添加一个公共方法:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace MuXue.Common
{

    /// <summary>
    /// 异步调用,并且client是注入方式,传过来
    /// 2019-8-21
    /// 李朴
    /// </summary>
    public class MyHttpClientHelper
    {

        public async Task<T> GetData<T>(HttpClient client, GateWay action, dynamic param)
        {
            string paramStr = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(param);
            string jrclientguid = Guid.NewGuid().ToString("n");
            try
            { 
                LogHelper.Info($"MyHttpClientHelper开始,url={client.BaseAddress},action={Utils.GetEnumDescription(action)},postData={paramStr} ,jrclientguid={jrclientguid}---------");

                client.DefaultRequestHeaders.Add(CommonConstant.jrclientguid, jrclientguid);

                HttpResponseMessage response;
                using (HttpContent httpContent = new StringContent(paramStr, Encoding.UTF8))
                {
                    httpContent.Headers.ContentType = new System.Net.Http.Headers.MediaTypeHeaderValue("application/json");

                    response = await client.PostAsync("api/" + Utils.GetEnumDescription(action), httpContent);
                }
                if (response != null && response.IsSuccessStatusCode)
                {
                    T resp = await response.Content.ReadAsAsync<T>();

                    return resp;
                }
                else
                {
                    return default(T);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {

                throw;
            }
            finally
            {
                LogHelper.Info($"MyHttpClientHelper结束,url={client.BaseAddress},action={Utils.GetEnumDescription(action)},postData={paramStr} ,jrclientguid={jrclientguid}---------");
            }


        }
    }
}
这里的参数 GateWay action 也可以换做是接口地址(不包含域名);
5、接着在第3步的那个类里,需要调用接口的地方写方法:
    //2、取接口里取
            MyHttpClientHelper myHttpClientHelper = new MyHttpClientHelper();
            Result<List<Article>> resp=await myHttpClientHelper.GetData<Result<List<Article>>>(client, GateWay.GetNoticeList, null);

这样就完成了。

6、全部用异步方式;

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