# BZOJ 1649: [Usaco2006 Dec]Cow Roller Coaster

## Description

The cows are building a roller coaster! They want your help to design as fun a roller coaster as possible, while keeping to the budget. The roller coaster will be built on a long linear stretch of land of length L (1 <= L <= 1,000). The roller coaster comprises a collection of some of the N (1 <= N <= 10,000) different interchangable components. Each component i has a fixed length Wi (1 <= Wi <= L). Due to varying terrain, each component i can be only built starting at location Xi (0 <= Xi <= L-Wi). The cows want to string together various roller coaster components starting at 0 and ending at L so that the end of each component (except the last) is the start of the next component. Each component i has a "fun rating" Fi (1 <= Fi <= 1,000,000) and a cost Ci (1 <= Ci <= 1000). The total fun of the roller coster is the sum of the fun from each component used; the total cost is likewise the sum of the costs of each component used. The cows' total budget is B (1 <= B <= 1000). Help the cows determine the most fun roller coaster that they can build with their budget.

## Input

* Line 1: Three space-separated integers: L, N and B.

* Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains four space-separated integers, respectively: Xi, Wi, Fi, and Ci.

第1行输入L，N，B，接下来N行，每行四个整数Xi，wi，Fi，Ci．

## Output

* Line 1: A single integer that is the maximum fun value that a roller-coaster can have while staying within the budget and meeting all the other constraints. If it is not possible to build a roller-coaster within budget, output -1.

5 6 10
0 2 20 6
2 3 5 6
0 1 2 1
1 1 1 3
1 2 5 4
3 2 10 2

17

## 题解

#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<cstdlib>
#include<iostream>
#include<cmath>
#include<algorithm>
#define inf 1<<30
#define ll long long
using namespace std;
int L,n,m;
struct duan{int s,l,c; ll v;} a;
ll f;
bool kp(const duan &i,const duan &j)
{
if(i.s<j.s) return true;
else if(i.s==j.s&&i.l<j.l) return true;
return false;
}
void init()
{
scanf("%d%d%d",&L,&n,&m);
int i;
for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
scanf("%d%d%lld%d",&a[i].s,&a[i].l,&a[i].v,&a[i].c);
sort(a+1,a+n+1,kp);
}
void dp()
{
int i,j,e;
memset(f,-1,sizeof(f));
f=0;
for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
{e=a[i].s+a[i].l;
for(j=m;j>=a[i].c;j--)
{if(f[a[i].s][j-a[i].c]!=-1&&f[e][j]<f[a[i].s][j-a[i].c]+a[i].v)
f[e][j]=f[a[i].s][j-a[i].c]+a[i].v;
}
}
ll ans=-1;
for(i=0;i<=m;i++)
ans=max(ans,f[L][i]);
printf("%lld\n",ans);
}
int main()
{
init(); dp();
return 0;
}
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