C#调用摄像头拍摄,截图,视频


需要新建一个类:
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;

namespace WindowsFormsApplication2
{
    class Pick
    {
        private const int WM_USER = 0x400;
        private const int WS_CHILD = 0x40000000;
        private const int WS_VISIBLE = 0x10000000;
        private const int WM_CAP_START = WM_USER;
        private const int WM_CAP_STOP = WM_CAP_START + 68;
        private const int WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT = WM_CAP_START + 10;
        private const int WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT = WM_CAP_START + 11;
        private const int WM_CAP_SAVEDIB = WM_CAP_START + 25;
        private const int WM_CAP_GRAB_FRAME = WM_CAP_START + 60;
        private const int WM_CAP_SEQUENCE = WM_CAP_START + 62;
        private const int WM_CAP_FILE_SET_CAPTURE_FILEA = WM_CAP_START + 20;
        private const int WM_CAP_SEQUENCE_NOFILE = WM_CAP_START + 63;
        private const int WM_CAP_SET_OVERLAY = WM_CAP_START + 51;
        private const int WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW = WM_CAP_START + 50;
        private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_VIDEOSTREAM = WM_CAP_START + 6;
        private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_ERROR = WM_CAP_START + 2;
        private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_STATUSA = WM_CAP_START + 3;
        private const int WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_FRAME = WM_CAP_START + 5;
        private const int WM_CAP_SET_SCALE = WM_CAP_START + 53;
        private const int WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEWRATE = WM_CAP_START + 52;
        private IntPtr hWndC;
        private bool bStat = false;
        private IntPtr mControlPtr;
        private int mWidth;
        private int mHeight;
        private int mLeft;
        private int mTop;

        ///  
        /// 初始化摄像头  
        ///  
        /// 控件的句柄  
        /// 开始显示的左边距  
        /// 开始显示的上边距  
        /// 要显示的宽度  
        /// 要显示的长度  
        public Pick(IntPtr handle, int left, int top, int width, int height)
        {
            mControlPtr = handle;
            mWidth = width;
            mHeight = height;
            mLeft = left;
            mTop = top;
        }
        [DllImport("avicap32.dll")]
        private static extern IntPtr capCreateCaptureWindowA(byte[] lpszWindowName, int dwStyle, int x, int y, int nWidth, int nHeight, IntPtr hWndParent, int nID);
        [DllImport("avicap32.dll")]
        private static extern int capGetVideoFormat(IntPtr hWnd, IntPtr psVideoFormat, int wSize);
        [DllImport("User32.dll")]
        private static extern bool SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int wMsg, int wParam, int lParam);
        ///  
        /// 开始显示图像  
        ///  
        public void Start()
        {
            if (bStat)
                return;
            bStat = true;
            byte[] lpszName = new byte[100];
            hWndC = capCreateCaptureWindowA(lpszName, WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE, mLeft, mTop, mWidth, mHeight, mControlPtr, 0);
            if (hWndC.ToInt32() != 0)
            {
                SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_VIDEOSTREAM, 0, 0);
                SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_ERROR, 0, 0);
                SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_CALLBACK_STATUSA, 0, 0);
                SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_DRIVER_CONNECT, 0, 0);
                SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_SCALE, 1, 0);
                SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEWRATE, 66, 0);
                SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_OVERLAY, 1, 0);
                SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SET_PREVIEW, 1, 0);
            }
            return;
        }
        ///  
        /// 停止显示  
        ///  
        public void Stop()
        {
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_DRIVER_DISCONNECT, 0, 0);
            bStat = false;
        }
        ///  
        /// 抓图  
        ///  
        /// 要保存bmp文件的路径  
        public void GrabImage(string path)
        // public void GrabImage( )  
        {
            IntPtr hBmp = Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(path);
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SAVEDIB, 0, hBmp.ToInt32());
        }

        ///  
        /// 录像  
        ///  
        /// 要保存avi文件的路径  
        public void Kinescope(string path)
        {
            IntPtr hBmp = Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(path);
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_FILE_SET_CAPTURE_FILEA, 0, hBmp.ToInt32());
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_SEQUENCE, 0, 0);
        }
        ///  
        /// 停止录像  
        ///  
        public void StopKinescope()
        {
            SendMessage(hWndC, WM_CAP_STOP, 0, 0);
        }  

    }
}
程序代码
namespace WindowsFormsApplication2
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        Pick pick;
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)   //启动摄像头
        {
            pick = new Pick(panel1.Handle, 0, 0, panel1.Width, panel1.Height);
            pick.Start();
            pictureBox1.ImageLocation = null; //清空pictureBox1
        }

        private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) //停止摄像头
        {
            pick.Stop();
        }

        private void button3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)  //退出界面
        {
            if (MessageBox.Show("退出本系统?", "提示", MessageBoxButtons.OKCancel, MessageBoxIcon.Question) == DialogResult.OK)
                Application.Exit();
        }

        private void button4_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) //保存截图
        {
            string path;
            SaveFileDialog sdf1 = new SaveFileDialog();
            sdf1.Filter = "图片*.bmp;*.jpg;.jpeg;*.gif|*.bmp|所有文件(*.*)|*.*";
            if (sdf1.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                path = sdf1.FileName;
                pick.GrabImage(path);
                pictureBox1.ImageLocation = path; //并显示在pictureBox1方框中  
                pictureBox1.Visible = true;
                pick.Stop();
            }  
        }
    }
}


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