android 实现按照城市首字母(拼音)分类的应用

最近按照公司需要,写了一个按照城市首字母排序的demo,原理就是获取城市名称,然后将城市名称转换为相应的拼音,通过对拼音的排序进而得到一个序列,实现了按照首字母分类的功能。上代码:
获得城市信息,此处为假数据,大家可以自行添加自己的服务器端数据:
/*
* 绑定城市信息,此处为假数据
*/
public void getcityData()
{
HashMap<String, Object> hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID, "1");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "青岛");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID, "0");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("青岛"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID,"2");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "济南");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID, "0");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("济南"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID, "3");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "日照");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID,"0");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("日照"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID, "4");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "济宁");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID, "0");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("济宁"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID, "5");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "武汉");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID, "1");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("济宁"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
Collections.sort(arrayList,comparator);
}
并且添加完数据后还需要对其进行排序
排序函数Collections.sort(arrayList,comparator);
Comparator<HashMap<String, Object>> comparator = new Comparator<HashMap<String, Object>>() {
public int compare(HashMap<String, Object> s1,
HashMap<String, Object> s2) {

String str1 = s1.get(SORT_KEY).toString();
String str2 = s2.get(SORT_KEY).toString();
if (str1.compareTo(str2)>0){
return 1;
}
else {
return -1;
}
}
};


由于需要添加省的一些信息,此处给出了绑定省的方法
/*
* 绑定provinceid到省,此处为假数据
*/
public void getprovinceData()
{
provincenameHashMap.put("0", "山东");
provincenameHashMap.put("1", "湖北");
}

取得完数据之后绑定到apapter上
if (arrayList != null && arrayList.size() > 0) {
List<ContentValues> list = new ArrayList<ContentValues>();
for (int i = 0; i < arrayList.size(); i++) {

HashMap<String, Object> hashMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashMap=arrayList.get(i);
ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();
String cityname = (String)hashMap.get(CITYNAME);
Log.e("cityname",cityname);
String cityid = (String)hashMap.get(CITYID);
String provinceid = (String)hashMap.get(PROVINCEID);
String sortKey = (String)hashMap.get(SORT_KEY);
cv.put(CITYNAME, cityname);
cv.put(CITYID, cityid);
cv.put(PROVINCEID, cityid);
cv.put(SORT_KEY, sortKey);
cv.put(PROVINCENAME, String.valueOf(provincenameHashMap.get(provinceid)));
list.add(cv);
}
if (list.size() > 0) {
setAdapter(list);
}
}

setAdapter函数
private void setAdapter(List<ContentValues> list) {
adapter = new ListAdapter(this, list);
cityListView.setAdapter(adapter);
}

相应的adapter类
private class ListAdapter extends BaseAdapter implements SectionIndexer {
private LayoutInflater inflater;
private List<ContentValues> list;
private HashMap<String, Integer> alphaIndexer;
private String[] sections;

public ListAdapter(Context context, List<ContentValues> list) {
this.inflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);
this.list = list;
this.alphaIndexer = new HashMap<String, Integer>();
this.sections = new String[list.size()];

for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
String name = getPinyin(list.get(i).getAsString(SORT_KEY));
alphaIndexer.put(name, i);
sections[i] = name;
}
}

@Override
public int getCount() {
return list.size();
}

@Override
public Object getItem(int position) {
return list.get(position);
}

@Override
public long getItemId(int position) {
return position;
}

@Override
public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
ViewHolder holder;

if (convertView == null) {
convertView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.list_item, null);
holder = new ViewHolder();
holder.alpha = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.alpha);
holder.name = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.name);
holder.provincename=(TextView)convertView.findViewById(R.id.provincename);
convertView.setTag(holder);
} else {
holder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();
}
ContentValues cv = list.get(position);
String name = cv.getAsString(CITYNAME);
String provincename=cv.getAsString(PROVINCENAME);
holder.name.setText(name);
holder.provincename.setText(provincename);
String currentStr = cv.getAsString(SORT_KEY);
String previewStr = (position - 1) >= 0 ? list.get(position - 1).getAsString(SORT_KEY) : " ";
if (!(previewStr.charAt(0)==currentStr.charAt(0))) {
holder.alpha.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
holder.alpha.setText(String.valueOf(currentStr.charAt(0)));
} else {
holder.alpha.setVisibility(View.GONE);
}
return convertView;
}

private class ViewHolder {
TextView alpha;
TextView name;
TextView provincename;
}

@Override
public int getPositionForSection(int section) {
String later = section - 2 >= 0 ? sections[section - 2] : sections[section];
return alphaIndexer.get(later);
}

@Override
public int getSectionForPosition(int position) {
return 0;
}

@Override
public Object[] getSections() {
return sections;
}
}

获取汉字的拼音通过pinyin4j来实现的,函数是
/**
* 获取汉字串拼音,英文字符不变
*
* @param chinese 汉字串
* @return 汉语拼音
*/
public static String getPinyin(String chinese) {
StringBuffer pybf = new StringBuffer();
char[] arr = chinese.toCharArray();
HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
if (arr[i] > 128) {
try {
pybf.append(PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(arr[i], defaultFormat)[0]);
} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
} else {
pybf.append(arr[i]);
}
}
return pybf.toString();
}

开始的一些变量
private BaseAdapter adapter;
private ListView cityListView;
HashMap<String, Object> provincenameHashMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
private static final String CITYNAME = "cityname", CITYID = "cityid",PROVINCEID="provinceid"
,SORT_KEY = "sort_key",PROVINCENAME="provincename";
ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> arrayList=new ArrayList<HashMap<String,Object>>();

将上面的整理一下,贴出代码来:
package com.qn;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinCaseType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinOutputFormat;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinToneType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;

import android.R.string;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.AsyncQueryHandler;
import android.content.ContentResolver;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SectionIndexer;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class OrderByPinyinActivity extends Activity {

private BaseAdapter adapter;
private ListView cityListView;
HashMap<String, Object> provincenameHashMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
private static final String CITYNAME = "cityname", CITYID = "cityid",PROVINCEID="provinceid"
,SORT_KEY = "sort_key",PROVINCENAME="provincename";
ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> arrayList=new ArrayList<HashMap<String,Object>>();

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
cityListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.listView);
bindData();
}

Comparator<HashMap<String, Object>> comparator = new Comparator<HashMap<String, Object>>() {
public int compare(HashMap<String, Object> s1,
HashMap<String, Object> s2) {

String str1 = s1.get(SORT_KEY).toString();
String str2 = s2.get(SORT_KEY).toString();
if (str1.compareTo(str2)>0){
return 1;
}
else {
return -1;
}
}
};

/*
* 绑定城市信息,此处为假数据
*/
public void getcityData()
{
HashMap<String, Object> hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID, "1");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "青岛");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID, "0");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("青岛"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID,"2");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "济南");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID, "0");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("济南"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID, "3");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "日照");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID,"0");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("日照"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID, "4");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "济宁");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID, "0");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("济宁"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
hashcityMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashcityMap.put(CITYID, "5");
hashcityMap.put(CITYNAME, "武汉");
hashcityMap.put(PROVINCEID, "1");
//hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin("济宁"));
hashcityMap.put(SORT_KEY, getPinyin(String.valueOf(hashcityMap.get(CITYNAME))));
arrayList.add(hashcityMap);
Collections.sort(arrayList,comparator);
}
/*
* 绑定provinceid到省,此处为假数据
*/
public void getprovinceData()
{
provincenameHashMap.put("0", "山东");
provincenameHashMap.put("1", "湖北");
}
public void bindData()
{
getcityData();
getprovinceData();
if (arrayList != null && arrayList.size() > 0) {
List<ContentValues> list = new ArrayList<ContentValues>();
for (int i = 0; i < arrayList.size(); i++) {

HashMap<String, Object> hashMap=new HashMap<String, Object>();
hashMap=arrayList.get(i);
ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();
String cityname = (String)hashMap.get(CITYNAME);
Log.e("cityname",cityname);
String cityid = (String)hashMap.get(CITYID);
String provinceid = (String)hashMap.get(PROVINCEID);
String sortKey = (String)hashMap.get(SORT_KEY);
cv.put(CITYNAME, cityname);
cv.put(CITYID, cityid);
cv.put(PROVINCEID, cityid);
cv.put(SORT_KEY, sortKey);
cv.put(PROVINCENAME, String.valueOf(provincenameHashMap.get(provinceid)));
list.add(cv);
}
if (list.size() > 0) {
setAdapter(list);
}
}
}




private void setAdapter(List<ContentValues> list) {
adapter = new ListAdapter(this, list);
cityListView.setAdapter(adapter);
}

private class ListAdapter extends BaseAdapter implements SectionIndexer {
private LayoutInflater inflater;
private List<ContentValues> list;
private HashMap<String, Integer> alphaIndexer;
private String[] sections;

public ListAdapter(Context context, List<ContentValues> list) {
this.inflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);
this.list = list;
this.alphaIndexer = new HashMap<String, Integer>();
this.sections = new String[list.size()];

for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
String name = getPinyin(list.get(i).getAsString(SORT_KEY));
alphaIndexer.put(name, i);
sections[i] = name;
}
}

@Override
public int getCount() {
return list.size();
}

@Override
public Object getItem(int position) {
return list.get(position);
}

@Override
public long getItemId(int position) {
return position;
}

@Override
public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
ViewHolder holder;

if (convertView == null) {
convertView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.list_item, null);
holder = new ViewHolder();
holder.alpha = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.alpha);
holder.name = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.name);
holder.provincename=(TextView)convertView.findViewById(R.id.provincename);
convertView.setTag(holder);
} else {
holder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();
}
ContentValues cv = list.get(position);
String name = cv.getAsString(CITYNAME);
String provincename=cv.getAsString(PROVINCENAME);
holder.name.setText(name);
holder.provincename.setText(provincename);
String currentStr = cv.getAsString(SORT_KEY);
String previewStr = (position - 1) >= 0 ? list.get(position - 1).getAsString(SORT_KEY) : " ";
if (!(previewStr.charAt(0)==currentStr.charAt(0))) {
holder.alpha.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
holder.alpha.setText(String.valueOf(currentStr.charAt(0)));
} else {
holder.alpha.setVisibility(View.GONE);
}
return convertView;
}

private class ViewHolder {
TextView alpha;
TextView name;
TextView provincename;
}

@Override
public int getPositionForSection(int section) {
String later = section - 2 >= 0 ? sections[section - 2] : sections[section];
return alphaIndexer.get(later);
}

@Override
public int getSectionForPosition(int position) {
return 0;
}

@Override
public Object[] getSections() {
return sections;
}
}

/**
* 获取汉字串拼音,英文字符不变
*
* @param chinese 汉字串
* @return 汉语拼音
*/
public static String getPinyin(String chinese) {
StringBuffer pybf = new StringBuffer();
char[] arr = chinese.toCharArray();
HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
if (arr[i] > 128) {
try {
pybf.append(PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(arr[i], defaultFormat)[0]);
} catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
} else {
pybf.append(arr[i]);
}
}
return pybf.toString();
}
//private String getPinyin(String str) {
// return "zzz";
//}

}

listitem.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent">

<TextView
android:id="@+id/alpha"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:paddingLeft="10dip"
android:background="#333333"
android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
android:visibility="gone"
/>
<View
android:id="@+id/divider"
android:layout_width="1.0dip"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:layout_marginRight="11.0dip"
android:layout_below="@id/alpha"
android:layout_marginLeft="10dip"
/>

<TextView
android:id="@+id/name"
android:textAppearance="?android:textAppearanceMedium"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_marginLeft="2.0dip"
android:layout_marginTop="6.0dip"
android:layout_marginRight="5.0dip"
android:singleLine="true"
android:layout_toRightOf="@id/divider"
android:layout_alignTop="@id/divider"
android:text="城市"
/>
<TextView
android:id="@+id/provincename"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_marginLeft="5.0dip"
android:layout_marginTop="12.0dip"
android:layout_marginRight="5.0dip"
android:singleLine="true"
android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/name"
android:layout_alignTop="@+id/divider"
android:text="省城"
/>

</RelativeLayout>

主函数main.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
>
<ListView android:id="@+id/listView"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:fastScrollEnabled="true"
android:focusable="true"
/>
</LinearLayout>

ok,一个完整的城市列表就有了,哈哈~
转载请注明:http://www.wandouhome.com/?p=10144
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