使用IntelliJ IDEA 14和Maven创建java web项目

安装Maven

下载安装

maven官网下载最新版。

解压到安装目录。

配置

右键桌面的计算机图标,属性–>高级系统设置–>环境变量,添加M2_HOME的环境变量,然后将该变量加入的PATH中。

注意 必须要有JAVA_HOME和个环境变量,不然maven会提示错误。

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如果想要修改maven的本地仓库位置,可以在maven的安装目录下的conf目录下的settings.xml配置文件中设置。

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打开CMD,输入mvn --version,看到如下提示就说明安装成功了。

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配置IntelliJ

在IntelliJ的设置中,可以设置maven的安装目录,settings.xml文件的位置,和本地仓库的位置等信息。

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新建

新建maven项目,create from archetype,选择maven-archetype-webapp

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Next,填写GroupId,ArtifactId和Version

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Next,这里在Properties中添加一个参数archetypeCatalog=internal,不加这个参数,在maven生成骨架的时候将会非常慢,有时候会直接卡住。

来自网上的解释:

archetypeCatalog表示插件使用的archetype元数据,不加这个参数时默认为remote,local,即中央仓库archetype元数据,由于中央仓库的archetype太多了,所以导致很慢,指定internal来表示仅使用内部元数据。

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Next,填写项目名称和module名称。

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点击Finish。

项目的目录结构如下:

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设置

配置项目的JDK和language level

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在main文件夹下新建一个java文件夹,把它设为源代码文件夹。

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为module添加外部依赖的jar包。

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添加tomcat的依赖是为了满足servletjsp依赖的,tomcat作为一个servlet容器提高了servletjsp的API。

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添加jar包依赖。

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设置artifact。

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设置tomcat。

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启动tomca

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