学习HBase与HDFS的基本编程使用

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HBase – Hadoop Database,是一个高可靠性、高性能、面向列、可伸缩的分布式存储系统,利用HBase技术可在廉价PC Server上搭建起大规模结构化存储集群。

HBase是Google Bigtable的开源实现,类似Google Bigtable利用GFS作为其文件存储系统,HBase利用Hadoop HDFS作为其文件存储系统;Google运行MapReduce来处理Bigtable中的海量数据,HBase同样利用Hadoop MapReduce来处理HBase中的海量数据;Google Bigtable利用 Chubby作为协同服务,HBase利用Zookeeper作为对应。

HDFS:Hadoop分布式文件系统被设计成适合运行在通用硬件(commodity hardware)上的分布式文件系统。它和现有的分布式文件系统有很多共同点。但同时,它和其他的分布式文件系统的区别也是很明显的。HDFS是一个高度容错性的系统,适合部署在廉价的机器上。HDFS能提供高吞吐量的数据访问,非常适合大规模数据集上的应用。HDFS放宽了一部分POSIX约束,来实现流式读取文件系统数据的目的。HDFS在最开始是作为Apache Nutch搜索引擎项目的基础架构而开发的。HDFS是Apache Hadoop Core项目的一部分。

关于hbase和hdfs的一些基本操作:

1. start hdfs and hbase


$ start-dfs.sh
$ start-hbase.sh


2. stop hdfs and hbase


$ stop-hbase.sh
$ stop-dfs.sh


3. hdfs directory is ~/work/hdfs


4. To compile your java code MyCode.java (implementing class MyCode)
$ javac MyCode


then to run it
$ java MyCode <args>


5. compile and run HDFSTest.java


$  javac HDFSTest.java
$  java HDFSTest


6. compile and run HBaseTest.java


$  javac HBaseTest.java 
$  java HBaseTest




check if we have successfully create mytable and put the new row
start hbase shell and run command in hbase shell


$ hbase shell


hbase(main):001:0> scan 'mytable'
ROW                                                  COLUMN+CELL                                                                                                                                             
 abc                                                 column=mycf:a, timestamp=1428459927307, value=789                                                                                                       
1 row(s) in 1.8950 seconds


hbase(main):002:0> disable 'mytable'
0 row(s) in 1.9050 seconds


hbase(main):003:0> drop 'mytable'
0 row(s) in 1.2320 seconds


hbase(main):004:0> exit

其中HBaseTest.java代码如下:
/*
 * Make sure that the classpath contains all the hbase libraries
 *
 * Compile:
 *  javac HBaseTest.java
 *
 * Run: 
 *  java HBaseTest
 */

import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HColumnDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.MasterNotRunningException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.TableName;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ZooKeeperConnectionException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HBaseAdmin;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Put;

import org.apache.log4j.*;

public class HBaseTest {
	
  public static void main(String[] args) throws MasterNotRunningException, ZooKeeperConnectionException, IOException {

    Logger.getRootLogger().setLevel(Level.WARN);

    // create table descriptor
    String tableName= "mytable";
    HTableDescriptor htd = new HTableDescriptor(TableName.valueOf(tableName));

    // create column descriptor
    HColumnDescriptor cf = new HColumnDescriptor("mycf");
    htd.addFamily(cf);

    // configure HBase
    Configuration configuration = HBaseConfiguration.create();
    HBaseAdmin hAdmin = new HBaseAdmin(configuration);

    if (hAdmin.tableExists(tableName)) {
        System.out.println("Table already exists");
    }
    else {
        hAdmin.createTable(htd);
        System.out.println("table "+tableName+ " created successfully");
    }
    hAdmin.close();

    // put "mytable","abc","mycf:a","789"

    HTable table = new HTable(configuration,tableName);
    Put put = new Put("abc".getBytes());
    put.add("mycf".getBytes(),"a".getBytes(),"789".getBytes());
    table.put(put);
    table.close();
    System.out.println("put successfully");
  }
}

HDFS代码如下:
import java.io.*;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataInputStream;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils;

/**
 *complie HDFSTest.java
 *
 * javac HDFSTest.java 
 *
 *execute HDFSTest.java
 *
 * java HDFSTest  
 * 
 */

public class HDFSTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, URISyntaxException{
        String file= "hdfs://localhost:9000/hw1/README.txt";
        Configuration conf = new Configuration();
        FileSystem fs = FileSystem.get(URI.create(file), conf);
        Path path = new Path(file);
        FSDataInputStream in_stream = fs.open(path);

        BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in_stream));
        String s;
        while ((s=in.readLine())!=null) {
             System.out.println(s);
        }

        in.close();

        fs.close();
    }
}


作业内容:学习HBase和HDFS的基本编程使用

具体要求:


//根据distinct key排序,然后相同的会在一起,在输出中把每一个和前一个比较,如果相同则跳过,如果不同则输出。
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.io.*;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataInputStream;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HColumnDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.MasterNotRunningException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.TableName;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ZooKeeperConnectionException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HBaseAdmin;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Put;

import org.apache.log4j.*;

/*@author wanqeiqiang
 *@Time 2017-3-28 18:45*/
class ComparatorString implements Comparator<Object>
{
        /*build the Comparator
         *@return -1,0,1*/

        public int compare(Object o1,Object o2)
        {
            String[] a=(String[])o1;
            String[] b=(String[])o2;
            int flag=0;
            //Compare each attribute in turn
            for(int i=0;i<a.length;i++)
            {
                flag=a[i].compareTo(b[i]);
                //if a[i]==b[i],then compare a[i+1] with b[i+1]
                if(flag==0)
                {
                     if(i<a.length-1)
                       { ; } 
                     if(i==a.length-1)
                       {break;}
                }
                else 
                    { break;}
            }
            return flag;
        }
}

public class Hw1Grp5 {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, URISyntaxException{
        //obtain the arg R=<file>
        String file= "hdfs://localhost:9000"+args[0].substring(2);
        //obtain the arg select:R...
        String[] select=args[1].substring(7).split(",");
        String select_R=select[0].substring(1);
        int select_Ri=Integer.parseInt(select_R);
        double select_number=Double.parseDouble(select[2]);
        //obtain the arg distinct:...
        String[] distinct=args[2].substring(9).split(",");
        int len=distinct.length;
        int[] distinct_number=new int[len];
        for(int i=0;i<len;i++)
        {
           String distinct_R=distinct[i].substring(1);
           distinct_number[i]=Integer.parseInt(distinct_R);
        }
        
        Configuration conf = new Configuration();
        FileSystem fs = FileSystem.get(URI.create(file), conf);
        Path path = new Path(file);
        FSDataInputStream in_stream = fs.open(path);

        BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in_stream));
        List <String[]> lst = new ArrayList <String[]> ();
        
        /*read the hdfs file and select the satisfying records to lst; 
         *if arg is "gt",select the item which Ri>select_number;
         *if arg is "ge",select the item which Ri>=select_number;
         *if arg is "eq",select the item which Ri==select_number;
         *if arg is "ne",select the item which Ri!=select_number;
         *if arg is "le",select the item which Ri<=select_number;
         *if arg is "lt",select the item which Ri<select_number;*/
        String s;
        if(select[1].equals("gt"))
        {
           while ((s=in.readLine())!=null) {
                String[] line=s.split("\\|"); 
                double line_Ri=Double.parseDouble(line[select_Ri]);
                if(line_Ri>select_number)
                {
                    String[] line_distinct=new String[distinct_number.length];
                    int j=0;
                    for(int i:distinct_number)
                    {
                        line_distinct[j]=line[i];
                        j++;
                    }
                    lst.add(line_distinct);
                }
             }
         }

        if(select[1].equals("ge"))
        {
           while ((s=in.readLine())!=null) {
                String[] line=s.split("\\|");
                double line_Ri=Double.parseDouble(line[select_Ri]);
                if(line_Ri>=select_number)
                {
                    String[] line_distinct=new String[distinct_number.length];
                    int j=0;
                    for(int i:distinct_number)
                    {
                        line_distinct[j]=line[i];
                        j++;
                    }
                    lst.add(line_distinct);
                }
             }
         }

        if(select[1].equals("eq"))
        {
           while ((s=in.readLine())!=null) {
                String[] line=s.split("\\|");
                double line_Ri=Double.parseDouble(line[select_Ri]);
                if(line_Ri==select_number)
                {
                    String[] line_distinct=new String[distinct_number.length];
                    int j=0;
                    for(int i:distinct_number)
                    {
                        line_distinct[j]=line[i];
                        j++;
                    }
                    lst.add(line_distinct);
                }
             }
         }

        if(select[1].equals("ne"))
        {
           while ((s=in.readLine())!=null) {
                String[] line=s.split("\\|");
                double line_Ri=Double.parseDouble(line[select_Ri]);
                if(line_Ri!=select_number)
                {
                    String[] line_distinct=new String[distinct_number.length];
                    int j=0;
                    for(int i:distinct_number)
                    {
                        line_distinct[j]=line[i];
                        j++;
                    }
                    lst.add(line_distinct);
                }
             }
         }

        if(select[1].equals("le"))
        {
           while ((s=in.readLine())!=null) 
           {
                String[] line=s.split("\\|");
                double line_Ri=Double.parseDouble(line[select_Ri]);
                if(line_Ri<=select_number)
                {
                    String[] line_distinct=new String[distinct_number.length];
                    int j=0;
                    for(int i:distinct_number)
                    {
                        line_distinct[j]=line[i];
                        j++;
                    }
                    lst.add(line_distinct);
                }
             }
        }

        if(select[1].equals("lt"))
        {
            while ((s=in.readLine())!=null) 
            {
                String[] line=s.split("\\|");
                double line_Ri=Double.parseDouble(line[select_Ri]);
                if(line_Ri<select_number)
                {
                    String[] line_distinct=new String[distinct_number.length];
                    int j=0;
                    for(int i:distinct_number)
                    {
                        line_distinct[j]=line[i];
                        j++;
                    }
                    lst.add(line_distinct);
                }
             }
         }
          
        //sort lst 
        ComparatorString comparator=new ComparatorString();
        Collections.sort(lst, comparator);
        //distinct lst
        List <String[]> list_distinct=listDistinct(lst);
        //put lst to Hbase
        putHbase(list_distinct, distinct);
        in.close();
        fs.close();
      }
      public static List<String[]> listDistinct(List<String[]> list){
           //@return distinct list
           List <String[]> list_distinct = new ArrayList <String[]> ();
           String[] s=(String[]) list.get(0);
           list_distinct.add(s);
           for (int i=1;i<list.size();i++){
               String[] s1=(String[]) list.get(i-1);
               String[] s2=(String[]) list.get(i);
               int j;
               //compare s1[i] with s2[i]
               for (j=0;j<s2.length;j++){
                   if(s1[j].equals(s2[j])) continue;
                   else break;
               }
               //if exists i,s1[i]!=s2[i],add s2 to the list
               if (j<s2.length){
                  list_distinct.add(s2);
               }
            }
           return list_distinct;
       }
      
     public static void putHbase(List<String[]> list, String[] distinct)throws MasterNotRunningException, ZooKeeperConnectionException, IOException {
           Logger.getRootLogger().setLevel(Level.WARN);

           // create table descriptor
           String tableName= "Result";
           HTableDescriptor htd = new HTableDescriptor(TableName.valueOf(tableName));

           // create column descriptor
           HColumnDescriptor res = new HColumnDescriptor("res");
           htd.addFamily(res);

           // configure HBase
           Configuration configuration = HBaseConfiguration.create();
           HBaseAdmin hAdmin = new HBaseAdmin(configuration);

           if (hAdmin.tableExists(tableName)) {
               System.out.println("Table already exists");
               hAdmin.disableTable(tableName);
               hAdmin.deleteTable(tableName);
               hAdmin.createTable(htd);
           }
           else {
               hAdmin.createTable(htd);
               System.out.println("table "+tableName+ " created successfully");
           }   
           hAdmin.close();
           HTable table = new HTable(configuration,tableName);
           for (int i=0;i<list.size();i++){
                String[] s=(String[]) list.get(i);
                for (int j=0;j<distinct.length;j++){
                    Put put = new Put(String.valueOf(i).getBytes());
                    put.add("res".getBytes(),distinct[j].getBytes(),s[j].getBytes());
                    table.put(put);  
                }
           }
           table.close();
           System.out.println("put successfully");
    }
}





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