org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter cannot be cast to javax.servlet.Filter

使用maven启动tomcat插件时报错,错误如下:但是在IDE上启动时并没有错误,明显的是一个类型转换异常
java.lang.ClassCastException: org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter cannot be cast to javax.servlet.Filter
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:275)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:422)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:115)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardConteaxt.java:4001)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4651)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1045)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:785)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1045)
        at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:445)
        at org.apache.catalina.startup.Embedded.start(Embedded.java:825)
        at org.codehaus.mojo.tomcat.AbstractRunMojo.startContainer(AbstractRunMojo.java:558)
        at org.codehaus.mojo.tomcat.AbstractRunMojo.execute(AbstractRunMojo.java:255)
        at org.apache.maven.plugin.DefaultBuildPluginManager.executeMojo(DefaultBuildPluginManager.java:134)
        at org.apache.maven.lifecycle.internal.MojoExecutor.execute(MojoExecutor.java:208)
        at org.apache.maven.lifecycle.internal.MojoExecutor.execute(MojoExecutor.java:153)
        at org.apache.maven.lifecycle.internal.MojoExecutor.execute(MojoExecutor.java:145)
        at org.apache.maven.lifecycle.internal.LifecycleModuleBuilder.buildProject(LifecycleModuleBuilder.java:116)
        at org.apache.maven.lifecycle.internal.LifecycleModuleBuilder.buildProject(LifecycleModuleBuilder.java:80)
        at org.apache.maven.lifecycle.internal.builder.singlethreaded.SingleThreadedBuilder.build(SingleThreadedBuilder.java:51)
        at org.apache.maven.lifecycle.internal.LifecycleStarter.execute(LifecycleStarter.java:128)
        at org.apache.maven.DefaultMaven.doExecute(DefaultMaven.java:307)
        at org.apache.maven.DefaultMaven.doExecute(DefaultMaven.java:193)
        at org.apache.maven.DefaultMaven.execute(DefaultMaven.java:106)
        at org.apache.maven.cli.MavenCli.execute(MavenCli.java:862)
        at org.apache.maven.cli.MavenCli.doMain(MavenCli.java:286)
        at org.apache.maven.cli.MavenCli.main(MavenCli.java:197)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
        at org.codehaus.plexus.classworlds.launcher.Launcher.launchEnhanced(Launcher.java:289)
        at org.codehaus.plexus.classworlds.launcher.Launcher.launch(Launcher.java:229)
        at org.codehaus.plexus.classworlds.launcher.Launcher.mainWithExitCode(Launcher.java:415)

        at org.codehaus.plexus.classworlds.launcher.Launcher.main(Launcher.java:356)

然而直接在IDE上部署到tomcat上运行并没有错误,原理上来说CharacterEncodingFilter 也是个Filter

它们集成关系如下:

public class CharacterEncodingFilter extends OncePerRequestFilter {

}

public abstract class OncePerRequestFilter extends GenericFilterBean {

}

public abstract class GenericFilterBean implements
Filter, BeanNameAware, EnvironmentAware, ServletContextAware, InitializingBean, DisposableBean {

}

确实这样子转换是不应该有异常的,如果有,那个可能有多个Filter,那么CharacterEncodingFilter不知道要转换成哪个

在IDE中找到Filter,我们可以从下面看出Filter不只是存在于Tomcat的lib下,同样的存在于javaee-api-7.0.jar下

找到问题的所在,到pom.xml中删除掉了javaee-api-7.0.jar的依赖,保存,mvn clean compile tomcat:run果然可以。

另一种较好的解决方法是把该依赖的作用于设置为<scope>provided</scope>运行时将不会一起打包过去。

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