Android 从源码分析BLE连接错误分析

项目中涉及低功耗蓝牙手柄的开发,GattCallback onConnectionStateChange接口返回状态status值有多个
private final BluetoothGattCallback mGattCallback = new BluetoothGattCallback() {
        @Override
        public void onConnectionStateChange(BluetoothGatt gatt, int status, int newState) {
 
            LogUtil.e("status :" +status +" ,newState :"+ newState);
 
            switch (status){
 
                case BluetoothGatt.GATT_SUCCESS://0
                    break;
                case BluetoothGatt.GATT_FAILURE://257
                    break;
                case 133:
                case 8:
                case 22:              
 
                    break;
 
            }
 
        }
    }
其中GATT_SUCCESS和GATT_FAILURE(不常见)在BluetoothGatt源码中可以找到外,其他8、22、133等status状态值不知道其意义,对于断开连接的原因就不好判断了。

下面我们从framework源码追查这几个状态

 _bluetoothGatt = device.connectGatt(_context, false, mGattCallback);
BluetoothDevice connectGatt方法将mGattCallback传入
public BluetoothGatt connectGatt(Context context, boolean autoConnect,
                                     BluetoothGattCallback callback, int transport) {
        // TODO(Bluetooth) check whether platform support BLE
        //     Do the check here or in GattServer?
        BluetoothAdapter adapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
        IBluetoothManager managerService = adapter.getBluetoothManager();
        try {
            IBluetoothGatt iGatt = managerService.getBluetoothGatt();
            if (iGatt == null) {
                // BLE is not supported
                return null;
            }
            BluetoothGatt gatt = new BluetoothGatt(iGatt, this, transport);
            gatt.connect(autoConnect, callback);
            return gatt;
        } catch (RemoteException e) {Log.e(TAG, "", e);}
        return null;
    }
connect方法中创建了BluetoothGatt对象,gatt connect方法将callback导入,我们继续看BluetoothGatt源码
/*package*/ boolean connect(Boolean autoConnect, BluetoothGattCallback callback) {
        if (DBG) Log.d(TAG, "connect() - device: " + mDevice.getAddress() + ", auto: " + autoConnect);
        synchronized(mStateLock) {
            if (mConnState != CONN_STATE_IDLE) {
                throw new IllegalStateException("Not idle");
            }
            mConnState = CONN_STATE_CONNECTING;
        }
 
        mAutoConnect = autoConnect;
 
        if (!registerApp(callback)) {
            synchronized(mStateLock) {
                mConnState = CONN_STATE_IDLE;
            }
            Log.e(TAG, "Failed to register callback");
            return false;
        }
 
        // The connection will continue in the onClientRegistered callback
        return true;
    }

继续看reigsterApp方法
private boolean registerApp(BluetoothGattCallback callback) {
        if (DBG) Log.d(TAG, "registerApp()");
        if (mService == null) return false;
 
        mCallback = callback;
        UUID uuid = UUID.randomUUID();
        if (DBG) Log.d(TAG, "registerApp() - UUID=" + uuid);
 
        try {
            mService.registerClient(new ParcelUuid(uuid), mBluetoothGattCallback);
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            Log.e(TAG,"",e);
            return false;
        }
 
        return true;
    }
mService是IBluetoothGatt接口的Proxy端
查找源码发现IBluetoothGatt的Stub端在GattService中实现,我们看GattService的registerClient方法

void registerClient(UUID uuid, IBluetoothGattCallback callback) {
        enforceCallingOrSelfPermission(BLUETOOTH_PERM, "Need BLUETOOTH permission");
 
        if (DBG) Log.d(TAG, "registerClient() - UUID=" + uuid);
        mClientMap.add(uuid, callback, this);
        gattClientRegisterAppNative(uuid.getLeastSignificantBits(),
                                    uuid.getMostSignificantBits());
    }
mClientMap管理各个APP的callback对象
void onConnected(int clientIf, int connId, int status, String address)
            throws RemoteException  {
        if (DBG) Log.d(TAG, "onConnected() - clientIf=" + clientIf
            + ", connId=" + connId + ", address=" + address);
 
        if (status == 0) mClientMap.addConnection(clientIf, connId, address);
        ClientMap.App app = mClientMap.getById(clientIf);
        if (app != null) {
            app.callback.onClientConnectionState(status, clientIf,
                                (status==BluetoothGatt.GATT_SUCCESS), address);
        }
    }
 
    void onDisconnected(int clientIf, int connId, int status, String address)
            throws RemoteException {
        if (DBG) Log.d(TAG, "onDisconnected() - clientIf=" + clientIf
            + ", connId=" + connId + ", address=" + address);
 
        mClientMap.removeConnection(clientIf, connId);
        ClientMap.App app = mClientMap.getById(clientIf);
        if (app != null) {
            app.callback.onClientConnectionState(status, clientIf, false, address);
        }
    }
在GattService的onConnected和onDisconnected方法中我们找到了callback.onClientConnectionState的调用,那么这两个方法是谁调用的,很显然这个调用者来自jni底层
    method_onConnected   = env->GetMethodID(clazz, "onConnected", "(IIILjava/lang/String;)V");
    method_onDisconnected = env->GetMethodID(clazz, "onDisconnected", "(IIILjava/lang/String;)V");
com_android_bluetooth_gatt.cpp中有关于这两个方法的反射调用
void btgattc_close_cb(int conn_id, int status, int clientIf, bt_bdaddr_t* bda)
{
    CHECK_CALLBACK_ENV
    char c_address[32];
    snprintf(c_address, sizeof(c_address),"%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X",
        bda->address[0], bda->address[1], bda->address[2],
        bda->address[3], bda->address[4], bda->address[5]);
 
    jstring address = sCallbackEnv->NewStringUTF(c_address);
    sCallbackEnv->CallVoidMethod(mCallbacksObj, method_onDisconnected,
        clientIf, conn_id, status, address);
    sCallbackEnv->DeleteLocalRef(address);
    checkAndClearExceptionFromCallback(sCallbackEnv, __FUNCTION__);
}
com_android_bluetooth_gatt的btgattc_close_cb方法中调用了onDisconnected,但是status依然是外部导入的,我们继续追。
btgattc_close_cb是BTA client callback,所以答案应该在BTA

BTA就是Bluetooth Application,所有蓝牙请求都必须进过它,我们看bta目录下的h文件,目录是system/bt/bta

最终,我们在bta_gatt_api.h中找到了status 8, 22, 133等错误

#define  BTA_GATT_OK                        GATT_SUCCESS
#define  BTA_GATT_INVALID_HANDLE            GATT_INVALID_HANDLE                /* 0x0001 */
#define  BTA_GATT_READ_NOT_PERMIT           GATT_READ_NOT_PERMIT               /* 0x0002 */
#define  BTA_GATT_WRITE_NOT_PERMIT          GATT_WRITE_NOT_PERMIT              /* 0x0003 */
#define  BTA_GATT_INVALID_PDU               GATT_INVALID_PDU                   /* 0x0004 */
#define  BTA_GATT_INSUF_AUTHENTICATION      GATT_INSUF_AUTHENTICATION          /* 0x0005 */
#define  BTA_GATT_REQ_NOT_SUPPORTED         GATT_REQ_NOT_SUPPORTED             /* 0x0006 */
#define  BTA_GATT_INVALID_OFFSET            GATT_INVALID_OFFSET                /* 0x0007 */
#define  BTA_GATT_INSUF_AUTHORIZATION       GATT_INSUF_AUTHORIZATION           /* 0x0008 */
#define  BTA_GATT_PREPARE_Q_FULL            GATT_PREPARE_Q_FULL                /* 0x0009 */
#define  BTA_GATT_NOT_FOUND                 GATT_NOT_FOUND                     /* 0x000a */
#define  BTA_GATT_NOT_LONG                  GATT_NOT_LONG                      /* 0x000b */
#define  BTA_GATT_INSUF_KEY_SIZE            GATT_INSUF_KEY_SIZE                /* 0x000c */
#define  BTA_GATT_INVALID_ATTR_LEN          GATT_INVALID_ATTR_LEN              /* 0x000d */
#define  BTA_GATT_ERR_UNLIKELY              GATT_ERR_UNLIKELY                  /* 0x000e */
#define  BTA_GATT_INSUF_ENCRYPTION          GATT_INSUF_ENCRYPTION              /* 0x000f */
#define  BTA_GATT_UNSUPPORT_GRP_TYPE        GATT_UNSUPPORT_GRP_TYPE            /* 0x0010 */
#define  BTA_GATT_INSUF_RESOURCE            GATT_INSUF_RESOURCE                /* 0x0011 */
 
 
#define  BTA_GATT_NO_RESOURCES              GATT_NO_RESOURCES                  /* 0x80 */
#define  BTA_GATT_INTERNAL_ERROR            GATT_INTERNAL_ERROR                /* 0x81 */
#define  BTA_GATT_WRONG_STATE               GATT_WRONG_STATE                   /* 0x82 */
#define  BTA_GATT_DB_FULL                   GATT_DB_FULL                       /* 0x83 */
#define  BTA_GATT_BUSY                      GATT_BUSY                          /* 0x84 */
#define  BTA_GATT_ERROR                     GATT_ERROR                         /* 0x85 */
#define  BTA_GATT_CMD_STARTED               GATT_CMD_STARTED                   /* 0x86 */
#define  BTA_GATT_ILLEGAL_PARAMETER         GATT_ILLEGAL_PARAMETER             /* 0x87 */
#define  BTA_GATT_PENDING                   GATT_PENDING                       /* 0x88 */
#define  BTA_GATT_AUTH_FAIL                 GATT_AUTH_FAIL                     /* 0x89 */
#define  BTA_GATT_MORE                      GATT_MORE                          /* 0x8a */
#define  BTA_GATT_INVALID_CFG               GATT_INVALID_CFG                   /* 0x8b */
#define  BTA_GATT_SERVICE_STARTED           GATT_SERVICE_STARTED               /* 0x8c */
#define  BTA_GATT_ENCRYPED_MITM             GATT_ENCRYPED_MITM                 /* GATT_SUCCESS */
#define  BTA_GATT_ENCRYPED_NO_MITM          GATT_ENCRYPED_NO_MITM              /* 0x8d */
#define  BTA_GATT_NOT_ENCRYPTED             GATT_NOT_ENCRYPTED                 /* 0x8e */
#define  BTA_GATT_CONGESTED                 GATT_CONGESTED                     /* 0x8f */
 
#define  BTA_GATT_DUP_REG                   0x90                               /* 0x90 */
#define  BTA_GATT_ALREADY_OPEN              0x91                               /* 0x91 */
#define  BTA_GATT_CANCEL                    0x92                               /* 0x92 */
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_UNKNOWN                   0
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_L2C_FAILURE               GATT_CONN_L2C_FAILURE         /* general l2cap resource failure */
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_TIMEOUT                   GATT_CONN_TIMEOUT             /* 0x08 connection timeout  */
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_TERMINATE_PEER_USER       GATT_CONN_TERMINATE_PEER_USER /* 0x13 connection terminate by peer user  */
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_TERMINATE_LOCAL_HOST      GATT_CONN_TERMINATE_LOCAL_HOST/* 0x16 connectionterminated by local host  */
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_FAIL_ESTABLISH            GATT_CONN_FAIL_ESTABLISH      /* 0x03E connection fail to establish  */
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_LMP_TIMEOUT               GATT_CONN_LMP_TIMEOUT          /* 0x22 connection fail for LMP response tout */
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_CANCEL                    GATT_CONN_CANCEL               /* 0x0100 L2CAP connection cancelled  */
#define BTA_GATT_CONN_NONE                      0x0101                          /* 0x0101 no connection to cancel  */

status 133 GATT_ERROR,这个错误是Android源码的问题
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/27280402/every-connection-request-is-being-treated-as-direct-connect-request-android-bl


status 22 GATT_CONN_TERMINATE_LOCAL_HOST

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/40966104/how-to-solve-the-error-onclientconnectionstate-status-22-clientif-7-in-ble?noredirect=1

status 8 GATT_CONN_TIMEOUT


通过自上而下追踪status的轨迹,我们还间接了解了GATT蓝牙连接通信的架构
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原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/jasonwang18/article/details/73312283

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