CSharp获取主机所有设备的硬件信息和系统信息

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_23833037/article/details/78304738

以下包括所有的知识点:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

using System.Management;
using System.Net;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.IO;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

namespace 获取主机所有的硬件信息
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string Info = "";
            MachineInfo MI = new MachineInfo();
            Info = "\r\n主机名:"+Dns.GetHostName();

            //获取本地IP/公网IP
            Info += "\r\n本地IP:" + MI.GetIPAddress()[0];
            Info += "\r\n公网IP:" + MI.GetExtenalAddress()[0];

            Info += "\r\n";
            //本机基础设备序号信息
            Info += "\r\nMAC:" + MI.GetLocatMac();
            Info += "\r\n主板序列号:" + MI.GetBLOSSerialNumber();
            Info += "\r\nCPU序列号:" + MI.GetCPUSerialNumber();
            Info += "\r\n硬盘序列号:" + MI.GetCalicheNumber();
            Info += "\r\n网卡地址:" + MI.GetNetworkCarNumber();

            Info += "\r\n";
            //本机基础设备编码信息
            Info += "\r\nCPU编码WMI:" + MI.GetCPUNumberWMI();
            Info += "\r\n硬盘编码WMI:" + MI.GetCailcheNumberWMI();
            Info += "\r\n网卡硬件WMI:" + MI.GetNetworkcardNumberWMI();
            Info += "\r\nIP地址WMI:" + MI.GetIPAddressWMI();

            Info += "\r\n";
            //本机系统设备信息
            Info += "\r\n操作系统登陆用户名:" + MI.GetUserName();
            Info += "\r\n操作系统类型:" + MI.GetSystemType();
            Info += "\r\n物理内存:" + MI.GetRAM();
            Info += "\r\n显卡设备:" + MI.GetVideoPNPID();
            Info += "\r\n声卡设备:" + MI.GetSoundCard();
            Info += "\r\nCPU版本信息:" + MI.GetCPUVersionInformation();
            Info += "\r\nCPU名称信息:" + MI.GetCPUName();
            Info += "\r\nCPU制造厂商:" + MI.GetCPUManufacturer();
            Info += "\r\n主板制造厂商:" + MI.GetBoardMotherboard();
            Info += "\r\n主板编号:"+MI.GetBoardID();
            Info += "\r\n主板型号:" + MI.GetModelID();
            Console.WriteLine(Info);

            Console.ReadKey();
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 此类用于获取当前主机的相关信息
    /// </summary>
     public class MachineInfo
     {
         /*
          * 提供对大量管理信息和管理事件集合的访问,这些信息和事件是与根据 Windows 管理规范 (WMI) 结构对系统、设备和应用程序设置检测点有关的。
          * 应用程序和服务可以使用从 ManagementObjectSearcher 和 ManagementQuery 派生的类,查询感兴趣的管理信息(例如在磁盘上还剩多少可用空间、当前 CPU 利用率是多少、某一应用程序正连接到哪一数据库等等);
          * 或者应用程序和服务可以使用 ManagementEventWatcher 类预订各种管理事件。这些可访问的数据可以来自分布式环境中托管的和非托管的组件。
          * 
          * 获取主机设备信息时,需要使用到。Management命名空间
          * 在项目-》添加引用....里面引用System.Management
          * ************************************************************************************
          * 
          * ManagementObjectSearcher类 //获取主机所有信息的集合
          * 基于指定的查询检索管理对象的集合。 此类是用于检索管理信息的较为常用的入口点之一。 
          * 例如,它可以用于枚举系统中的所有磁盘驱动器、网络适配器、进程及更多管理对象,或者用于查询所有处于活动状态的网络连接以及暂停的服务等。
          * 在实例化之后,此类的实例可以接受在System.Management.ObjectQuery 或其派生类中表示的 WMI 查询作为输入,并且还可以选择接受一个 System.Management.ManagementScope(表示执行查询时所在的
          * 
          * ManagementObjectCollection//从ManagementObjectSearcher获取到的主机设备集合进行管理
          * 
          * ManagementObject//表示WMI的实例,获取或者使用
          * 
          * ManagementClass表示一个通用信息模型的管理类,这个管理类是WMI类。
          * WMI类是Windows 2K/XP管理系统的核心;对于其他的Win32操作系统,WMI是一个有用的插件。
          * WMI以CIMOM为基础,CIMOM即公共信息模型对象管理器(Common Information Model Object Manager)
          * 
          * ManagementClass类//此类的成员可以访问 WMI 数据
          * Win32_LogicalDisk, ,该类型可表示一个磁盘驱动器
          * Win32_Process, ,它表示的进程 Notepad.exe 等。 
          * 此类的成员可以访问 WMI 数据,使用一个特定的 WMI 类路径(如:Win32_LogicalDisk或者Win32_Process之类)
          * 
          */
         /// <summary>
         /// 获取本地IP,多个IP
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string[] GetIPAddress()
         {
             string hostName = Dns.GetHostName();//获取主机名
             IPAddress[] addresses = Dns.GetHostAddresses(hostName);//解析主机IP地址

             string[] IP = new string[addresses.Length];
             for (int i = 0; i < addresses.Length; i++)
             {
                 IP[i] = addresses[i].ToString().Trim();//每个IP保存在数组列表中
             }

             return IP;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取公网IP
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string[] GetExtenalAddress()
         {
             string[] IP = new string[] { "未获取到公网ip" };

             try
             {
                 WebRequest WR = WebRequest.Create(@"http://ip.qq.com/");
                 WebResponse WS = WR.GetResponse();
                 Stream s = WS.GetResponseStream();
                 StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(s, Encoding.UTF8);

                 Match m = Regex.Match(sr.ReadToEnd(), @"((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[01]?\d?\d)\.){3}(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[01]?\d?\d)", RegexOptions.None);
                 if (m.Groups[0].Success)
                 {
                     IP[0] = m.Groups[0].Value.ToString().Trim();
                 }

                 WS.Close();

             }
             catch (Exception e)
             {
                 Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString());
             }

             return IP;
         }

         #region ManagementObjectSearcher
         /// <summary>
         /// 获取本机MAC
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetLocatMac()
         {
             string mac = null;
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher Mac = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");//搜索主机设备对象
                 ManagementObjectCollection queryCollection = Mac.Get();//管理获取到的主机设备的集合
                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in queryCollection)
                 {
                     if (mo["IPEnabled"].ToString() == "True")
                     {
                         mac = mo["MacAddress"].ToString().Trim();
                     }
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e)
             {
                 Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString());
             }

             return mac;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取主板序列号
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetBLOSSerialNumber()
         {
             string sBIOSSerialNumber = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from Win32_BIOS");
                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in searcher.Get())
                 {
                     sBIOSSerialNumber = mo["SerialNumber"].ToString().Trim();
                 }

             }
             catch (Exception e)
             {
                 Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString());
             }

             return sBIOSSerialNumber;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取CPU序列号
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetCPUSerialNumber()
         {
             string Cpu = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher MOS = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from Win32_Processor");
                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in MOS.Get())
                 {
                     Cpu = mo["ProcessorId"].ToString().Trim();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e)
             {
                 Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString());
             }

             return Cpu;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取硬盘序列号
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetCalicheNumber()
         {
             string Caliche = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher MOS = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from Win32_PhysicalMedia");
                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in MOS.Get())
                 {
                     Caliche = mo["SerialNumber"].ToString().Trim();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e)
             {
                 Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString());
             }

             return Caliche;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取网卡地址
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetNetworkCarNumber()
         {
             string NetworkCar = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher MOS = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from Win32_NetworkAdapter where ((MACAddress Is Not NULL) and (Manufacturer <> 'Microsoft'))");
                 ManagementObjectCollection MOC = MOS.Get();

                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in MOC)
                 {
                     NetworkCar = mo["MACAddress"].ToString().Trim();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return NetworkCar;
         } 
         #endregion


         #region ManagementClass
         /// <summary>
         /// 获取CPU编号WMI
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetCPUNumberWMI()
         {
             string CPUNumber = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementClass MC = new ManagementClass("Win32_Processor");
                 ManagementObjectCollection MOC = MC.GetInstances();
                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in MOC)
                 {
                     CPUNumber = mo.Properties["ProcessorId"].Value.ToString();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return CPUNumber;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取硬盘编号WMI
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetCailcheNumberWMI()
         {
             string Cailche = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_DiskDrive");
                 ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();

                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)
                 {
                     Cailche = mo.Properties["Model"].Value.ToString().Trim();
                     break;
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return Cailche;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取网卡硬件WMI
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetNetworkcardNumberWMI()
         {
             string Networkcard = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
                 ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();
                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)
                 {
                     if ((bool)mo["IPEnabled"] == true)
                     {
                         Networkcard = mo.Properties["MacAddress"].Value.ToString().Trim();
                         break;
                     }
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return Networkcard;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取IP地址WMI
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetIPAddressWMI()
         {
             string[] IP = new string[2];
             try
             {
                 ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
                 ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();
                 foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)
                 {
                     if ((bool)mo["IPEnabled"] == true)
                     {
                         IP = (string[])(mo.Properties["IpAddress"].Value);
                         break;
                     }
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return IP[0];
         } 
         #endregion

         /// <summary>
         /// 操作系统的登陆用户名
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetUserName()
         {
             string UserName = Environment.UserName;
             return UserName;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 操作系统类型
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetSystemType()
         {
             string st = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_ComputerSystem");
                 ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();
                 foreach(ManagementObject mo in moc)
                 {
                     st = mo["SystemType"].ToString().Trim();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return st;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 物理内存
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetRAM()
         {
             string RAM = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_ComputerSystem");
                 ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();
                 foreach(ManagementObject mo in moc)
                 {
                     RAM = mo["TotalPhysicalMemory"].ToString().Trim();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return RAM;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 显卡设备
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetVideoPNPID()
         {
             string PNP = "";
             try
             {
                 //ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("");
                 ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_VideoController");
                 ManagementObjectCollection moc = mos.Get();

                 foreach(ManagementObject mo in moc)
                 {
                     PNP = mo["PNPDeviceID"].ToString();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return PNP;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 声卡设备
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetSoundCard()
         {
             string st = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_SoundDevice");
                 ManagementObjectCollection moc = mos.Get();
                 foreach(ManagementObject mo in moc)
                 {
                     st = mo["PNPDeviceID"].ToString().Trim();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return st;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取CPU版本信息
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetCPUVersionInformation()
         {
             string st = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_Processor");
                 foreach(ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())
                 {
                     st = mo["Version"].ToString();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return st;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取CPU名称信息
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetCPUName()
         {
             string st = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_Processor");
                 foreach(ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())
                 {
                     st = mo["Name"].ToString().Trim();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return st;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 获取CPU制造厂商
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetCPUManufacturer()
         {
             string st = "";
             try
             {
                 ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from Win32_Processor");
                 foreach(ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())
                 {
                     st = mo["Manufacturer"].ToString().Trim();
                 }
             }
             catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString()); }

             return st;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 主板制造厂商
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetBoardMotherboard()
         {
             SelectQuery query = new SelectQuery("select * from Win32_BaseBoard");
             ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher(query);
             ManagementObjectCollection.ManagementObjectEnumerator data = mos.Get().GetEnumerator();

             data.MoveNext();
             ManagementBaseObject board = data.Current;
             return board.GetPropertyValue("Manufacturer").ToString();
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 主板编号
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetBoardID()
         {
             string st = "";
             ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from Win32_BaseBoard");
              foreach(ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())
              {
                  st = mo["SerialNumber"].ToString();
              }

              return st;
         }

         /// <summary>
         /// 主板型号
         /// </summary>
         /// <returns></returns>
         public string GetModelID()
         {
             string st = "";
             ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from Win32_BaseBoard");
             foreach(ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())
             {
                 st = mo["Product"].ToString();
             }
             return st;
         }
     }

     #region 学习资料
     /*
     为了获取硬件信息,你还需要创建一个ManagementObjectSearcher 对象。
     ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from " + Key);
     // 硬件 
     Win32_Processor, // CPU 处理器 
     Win32_PhysicalMemory, // 物理内存条 
     Win32_Keyboard, // 键盘 
     Win32_PointingDevice, // 点输入设备,包括鼠标。 
     Win32_FloppyDrive, // 软盘驱动器 
     Win32_DiskDrive, // 硬盘驱动器 
     Win32_CDROMDrive, // 光盘驱动器 
     Win32_BaseBoard, // 主板 
     Win32_BIOS, // BIOS 芯片 
     Win32_ParallelPort, // 并口 
     Win32_SerialPort, // 串口 
     Win32_SerialPortConfiguration, // 串口配置 
     Win32_SoundDevice, // 多媒体设置,一般指声卡。 
     Win32_SystemSlot, // 主板插槽 (ISA & PCI & AGP) 
     Win32_USBController, // USB 控制器 
     Win32_NetworkAdapter, // 网络适配器 
     Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration, // 网络适配器设置 
     Win32_Printer, // 打印机 
     Win32_PrinterConfiguration, // 打印机设置 
     Win32_PrintJob, // 打印机任务 
     Win32_TCPIPPrinterPort, // 打印机端口 
     Win32_POTSModem, // MODEM 
     Win32_POTSModemToSerialPort, // MODEM 端口 
     Win32_DesktopMonitor, // 显示器 
     Win32_DisplayConfiguration, // 显卡 
     Win32_DisplayControllerConfiguration, // 显卡设置 
     Win32_VideoController, // 显卡细节。 
     Win32_VideoSettings, // 显卡支持的显示模式。 


     // 操作系统 
     Win32_TimeZone, // 时区 
     Win32_SystemDriver, // 驱动程序 
     Win32_DiskPartition, // 磁盘分区 
     Win32_LogicalDisk, // 逻辑磁盘 
     Win32_LogicalDiskToPartition, // 逻辑磁盘所在分区及始末位置。 
     Win32_LogicalMemoryConfiguration, // 逻辑内存配置 
     Win32_PageFile, // 系统页文件信息 
     Win32_PageFileSetting, // 页文件设置 
     Win32_BootConfiguration, // 系统启动配置 
     Win32_ComputerSystem, // 计算机信息简要 
     Win32_OperatingSystem, // 操作系统信息 
     Win32_StartupCommand, // 系统自动启动程序 
     Win32_Service, // 系统安装的服务 
     Win32_Group, // 系统管理组 
     Win32_GroupUser, // 系统组帐号 
     Win32_UserAccount, // 用户帐号 
     Win32_Process, // 系统进程 
     Win32_Thread, // 系统线程 
     Win32_Share, // 共享 
     Win32_NetworkClient, // 已安装的网络客户端 
     Win32_NetworkProtocol, // 已安装的网络协议 

     上面代码的Key是一个将被对应正确的数据填入的值。例如,获取CPU的信息,就需要把Key值设成Win32_Processor。所有Key可能的值,列举如下:

     Win32_1394Controller
     Win32_1394ControllerDevice
     Win32_Account
     Win32_AccountSID
     Win32_ACE
     Win32_ActionCheck
     Win32_AllocatedResource
     Win32_ApplicationCommandLine
     Win32_ApplicationService
     Win32_AssociatedBattery
     Win32_AssociatedProcessorMemory
     Win32_BaseBoard
     Win32_BaseService
     Win32_Battery
     Win32_Binary
     Win32_BindImageAction
     Win32_BIOS
     Win32_BootConfiguration
     Win32_Bus
     Win32_CacheMemory
     Win32_CDROMDrive
     Win32_CheckCheck
     Win32_CIMLogicalDeviceCIMDataFile
     Win32_ClassicCOMApplicationClasses
     Win32_ClassicCOMClass
     Win32_ClassicCOMClassSetting
     Win32_ClassicCOMClassSettings
     Win32_ClassInfoAction
     Win32_ClientApplicationSetting
     Win32_CodecFile
     Win32_COMApplication
     Win32_COMApplicationClasses
     Win32_COMApplicationSettings
     Win32_COMClass
     Win32_ComClassAutoEmulator
     Win32_ComClassEmulator
     Win32_CommandLineAccess
     Win32_ComponentCategory
     Win32_ComputerSystem
     Win32_ComputerSystemProcessor
     Win32_ComputerSystemProduct
     Win32_COMSetting
     Win32_Condition
     Win32_CreateFolderAction
     Win32_CurrentProbe
     Win32_DCOMApplication
     Win32_DCOMApplicationAccessAllowedSetting
     Win32_DCOMApplicationLaunchAllowedSetting
     Win32_DCOMApplicationSetting
     Win32_DependentService
     Win32_Desktop
     Win32_DesktopMonitor
     Win32_DeviceBus
     Win32_DeviceMemoryAddress
     Win32_DeviceSettings
     Win32_Directory
     Win32_DirectorySpecification
     Win32_DiskDrive
     Win32_DiskDriveToDiskPartition
     Win32_DiskPartition
     Win32_DisplayConfiguration
     Win32_DisplayControllerConfiguration
     Win32_DMAChannel
     Win32_DriverVXD
     Win32_DuplicateFileAction
     Win32_Environment
     Win32_EnvironmentSpecification
     Win32_ExtensionInfoAction
     Win32_Fan
     Win32_FileSpecification
     Win32_FloppyController
     Win32_FloppyDrive
     Win32_FontInfoAction
     Win32_Group
     Win32_GroupUser
     Win32_HeatPipe
     Win32_IDEController
     Win32_IDEControllerDevice
     Win32_ImplementedCategory
     Win32_InfraredDevice
     Win32_IniFileSpecification
     Win32_InstalledSoftwareElement
     Win32_IRQResource
     Win32_Keyboard
     Win32_LaunchCondition
     Win32_LoadOrderGroup
     Win32_LoadOrderGroupServiceDependencies
     Win32_LoadOrderGroupServiceMembers
     Win32_LogicalDisk
     Win32_LogicalDiskRootDirectory
     Win32_LogicalDiskToPartition
     Win32_LogicalFileAccess
     Win32_LogicalFileAuditing
     Win32_LogicalFileGroup
     Win32_LogicalFileOwner
     Win32_LogicalFileSecuritySetting
     Win32_LogicalMemoryConfiguration
     Win32_LogicalProgramGroup
     Win32_LogicalProgramGroupDirectory
     Win32_LogicalProgramGroupItem
     Win32_LogicalProgramGroupItemDataFile
     Win32_LogicalShareAccess
     Win32_LogicalShareAuditing
     Win32_LogicalShareSecuritySetting
     Win32_ManagedSystemElementResource
     Win32_MemoryArray
     Win32_MemoryArrayLocation
     Win32_MemoryDevice
     Win32_MemoryDeviceArray
     Win32_MemoryDeviceLocation
     Win32_MethodParameterClass
     Win32_MIMEInfoAction
     Win32_MotherboardDevice
     Win32_MoveFileAction
     Win32_MSIResource
     Win32_networkAdapter
     Win32_networkAdapterConfiguration
     Win32_networkAdapterSetting
     Win32_networkClient
     Win32_networkConnection
     Win32_networkLoginProfile
     Win32_networkProtocol
     Win32_NTEventlogFile
     Win32_NTLogEvent
     Win32_NTLogEventComputer
     Win32_NTLogEventLog
     Win32_NTLogEventUser
     Win32_ODBCAttribute
     Win32_ODBCDataSourceAttribute
     Win32_ODBCDataSourceSpecification
     Win32_ODBCDriverAttribute
     Win32_ODBCDriverSoftwareElement
     Win32_ODBCDriverSpecification
     Win32_ODBCSourceAttribute
     Win32_ODBCTranslatorSpecification
     Win32_OnBoardDevice
     Win32_OperatingSystem
     Win32_OperatingSystemQFE
     Win32_OSRecoveryConfiguration
     Win32_PageFile
     Win32_PageFileElementSetting
     Win32_PageFileSetting
     Win32_PageFileUsage
     Win32_ParallelPort
     Win32_Patch
     Win32_PatchFile
     Win32_PatchPackage
     Win32_PCMCIAController
     Win32_Perf
     Win32_PerfRawData
     Win32_PerfRawData_ASP_ActiveServerPages
     Win32_PerfRawData_ASPnet_114322_ASPnetAppsv114322
     Win32_PerfRawData_ASPnet_114322_ASPnetv114322
     Win32_PerfRawData_ASPnet_ASPnet
     Win32_PerfRawData_ASPnet_ASPnetApplications
     Win32_PerfRawData_IAS_IASAccountingClients
     Win32_PerfRawData_IAS_IASAccountingServer
     Win32_PerfRawData_IAS_IASAuthenticationClients
     Win32_PerfRawData_IAS_IASAuthenticationServer
     Win32_PerfRawData_InetInfo_InternetInformationServicesGlobal
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSDTC_DistributedTransactionCoordinator
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSFTPSVC_FTPService
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerAccessMethods
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerBackupDevice
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerBufferManager
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerBufferPartition
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerCacheManager
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerDatabases
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerGeneralStatistics
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerLatches
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerLocks
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerMemoryManager
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationAgents
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationDist
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationLogreader
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationMerge
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationSnapshot
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerSQLStatistics
     Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerUserSettable
     Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRExceptions
     Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRInterop
     Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRJit
     Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRLoading
     Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRLocksAndThreads
     Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRMemory
     Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRRemoting
     Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRSecurity
     Win32_PerfRawData_Outlook_Outlook
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfDisk_PhysicalDisk
     Win32_PerfRawData_Perfnet_Browser
     Win32_PerfRawData_Perfnet_Redirector
     Win32_PerfRawData_Perfnet_Server
     Win32_PerfRawData_Perfnet_ServerWorkQueues
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_Cache
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_Memory
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_Objects
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_PagingFile
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_Processor
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_System
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_FullImage_Costly
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_Image_Costly
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_JobObject
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_JobObjectDetails
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_Process
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_ProcessAddressSpace_Costly
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_Thread
     Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_ThreadDetails_Costly
     Win32_PerfRawData_RemoteAccess_RASPort
     Win32_PerfRawData_RemoteAccess_RASTotal
     Win32_PerfRawData_RSVP_ACSPerRSVPService
     Win32_PerfRawData_Spooler_PrintQueue
     Win32_PerfRawData_TapiSrv_Telephony
     Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_ICMP
     Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_IP
     Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_NBTConnection
     Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_networkInterface
     Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_TCP
     Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_UDP
     Win32_PerfRawData_W3SVC_WebService
     Win32_PhysicalMedia
     Win32_PhysicalMemory
     Win32_PhysicalMemoryArray
     Win32_PhysicalMemoryLocation
     Win32_PNPAllocatedResource
     Win32_PnPDevice
     Win32_PnPEntity
     Win32_PointingDevice
     Win32_PortableBattery
     Win32_PortConnector
     Win32_PortResource
     Win32_POTSModem
     Win32_POTSModemToSerialPort
     Win32_PowerManagementEvent
     Win32_Printer
     Win32_PrinterConfiguration
     Win32_PrinterController
     Win32_PrinterDriverDll
     Win32_PrinterSetting
     Win32_PrinterShare
     Win32_PrintJob
     Win32_PrivilegesStatus
     Win32_Process
     Win32_Processor
     Win32_ProcessStartup
     Win32_Product
     Win32_ProductCheck
     Win32_ProductResource
     Win32_ProductSoftwareFeatures
     Win32_ProgIDSpecification
     Win32_ProgramGroup
     Win32_ProgramGroupContents
     Win32_ProgramGroupOrItem
     Win32_Property
     Win32_ProtocolBinding
     Win32_PublishComponentAction
     Win32_QuickFixEngineering
     Win32_Refrigeration
     Win32_Registry
     Win32_RegistryAction
     Win32_RemoveFileAction
     Win32_RemoveIniAction
     Win32_ReserveCost
     Win32_ScheduledJob
     Win32_SCSIController
     Win32_SCSIControllerDevice
     Win32_SecurityDescriptor
     Win32_SecuritySetting
     Win32_SecuritySettingAccess
     Win32_SecuritySettingAuditing
     Win32_SecuritySettingGroup
     Win32_SecuritySettingOfLogicalFile
     Win32_SecuritySettingOfLogicalShare
     Win32_SecuritySettingOfObject
     Win32_SecuritySettingOwner
     Win32_SelfRegModuleAction
     Win32_SerialPort
     Win32_SerialPortConfiguration
     Win32_SerialPortSetting
     Win32_Service
     Win32_ServiceControl
     Win32_ServiceSpecification
     Win32_ServiceSpecificationService
     Win32_SettingCheck
     Win32_Share
     Win32_ShareToDirectory
     Win32_ShortcutAction
     Win32_ShortcutFile
     Win32_ShortcutSAP
     Win32_SID
     Win32_SMBIOSMemory
     Win32_SoftwareElement
     Win32_SoftwareElementAction
     Win32_SoftwareElementCheck
     Win32_SoftwareElementCondition
     Win32_SoftwareElementResource
     Win32_SoftwareFeature
     Win32_SoftwareFeatureAction
     Win32_SoftwareFeatureCheck
     Win32_SoftwareFeatureParent
     Win32_SoftwareFeatureSoftwareElements
     Win32_SoundDevice
     Win32_StartupCommand
     Win32_SubDirectory
     Win32_SystemAccount
     Win32_SystemBIOS
     Win32_SystemBootConfiguration
     Win32_SystemDesktop
     Win32_SystemDevices
     Win32_SystemDriver
     Win32_SystemDriverPNPEntity
     Win32_SystemEnclosure
     Win32_SystemLoadOrderGroups
     Win32_SystemLogicalMemoryConfiguration
     Win32_SystemMemoryResource
     Win32_SystemnetworkConnections
     Win32_SystemOperatingSystem
     Win32_SystemPartitions
     Win32_SystemProcesses
     Win32_SystemProgramGroups
     Win32_SystemResources
     Win32_SystemServices
     Win32_SystemSetting
     Win32_SystemSlot
     Win32_SystemSystemDriver
     Win32_SystemTimeZone
     Win32_SystemUsers
     Win32_TapeDrive
     Win32_TemperatureProbe
     Win32_Thread
     Win32_TimeZone
     Win32_Trustee
     Win32_TypeLibraryAction
     Win32_UninterruptiblePowerSupply
     Win32_USBController
     Win32_USBControllerDevice
     Win32_UserAccount
     Win32_UserDesktop
     Win32_VideoConfiguration
     Win32_VideoController
     Win32_VideoSettings
     Win32_VoltageProbe
     Win32_WMIElementSetting
     Win32_WMISetting

     首先,调用ManagementObjectSearcher实例(在本文中的例子里为searcher )中的Get()方法,该方法将会把返回信息填在这个实例中。然后,你所要做的就是处理这个实例searcher中的数据。
     foreach (ManagementObject share in searcher.Get()){// Some Codes ...}
     每个ManagementObject的对象中都有一些,我们所需要的数据,当然我们可以接着这么处理这些数据:
     foreach (PropertyData PC in share.Properties){//some codes ...}

     常用的操作类:
     ConnectionOptions

     用于设置wmi连接远端计算机时的域名、用户名和密码等

     ManagementScope

     用于连接远端计算机。需要设置连接的wmi命名空间和ConnectionOptions

     InvokeMethodOptions

     调用wmi相关方法时的一些选项,比如调用服务的Start时的服务开启的超时等设置

     ManagementBaseObject

     包含管理对象的基本元素。它用作更具体的管理对象类的基类。

     ManagementClass

     表示公共信息模型 (CIM) 管理类。管理类是一个 WMI 类,如 Win32_LogicalDisk 和 Win32_Process

     ManagementException

     表示管理异常。

     ManagementObject

     表示wmi的具体实例

     ManagementObjectSearcher

     基于指定的查询检索管理对象的集合。此类是用于检索管理信息的较为常用的入口点之一。例如,它可以用于枚举系统中的所有磁盘驱动器、网络适配器、进程及更多管理对象,或者用于查询所有处于活动状态的网络连接以及暂停的服务等。

     ManagementPath

     提供一个包装,用于分析和生成 WMI 对象的路径。比如root/cimv2/win32_service等等。

     ManagementQuery

     提供所有管理查询对象的抽象基类。建议使用它的继承类来实现相关的查询。

     MethodData

     包含关于 WMI 方法的信息。比如MethodData 类列出有关 Win32_Process.Create 方法的信息(例子详见msdn)。

     ObjectQuery

     继承自ManagementQuery,表示返回实例或类的管理查询。

     PropertyData

     表示关于 WMI 属性的信息。比如使用 PropertyData 类列出有关 Win32_OperatingSystem 类的信息(例子详见msdn)。

     QualifierData

     包含关于 WMI 限定符的信息。比如使用 QualifierData 类列出有关 Win32_Service 类的限定符信息(例子详见msdn)。

     WqlObjectQuery

     继承自ObjectQuery。表示 WQL 格式的 WMI 数据。

     SelectQuery

     继承自WqlObjectQuery。表示 WQL SELECT 数据查询。
     */

     #endregion
 }
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