Python性能优化技巧(一)

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_24452475/article/details/82970085

写在前面

  • 运行环境
    • jupyter
  • 最近在处理大数据量问题,强化下Python性能优化方面的能力。
  • 个人总结便于后续掌握与使用,仅供参考。
  • 后续待更( 深入学习 ) …

1. 循环之外能实现逻辑,不放在循环内处理 [2.22倍] :

a = range(10000) 
size_a = len(a) 
%timeit -n 1000 for i in a: k = len(a) 
%timeit -n 1000 for i in a: k = size_a 
1000 loops, best of 3: 569 µs per loop 
1000 loops, best of 3: 256 µs per loop

2. join 优于 += [33.1倍] :

a = [str(i) for i in range(10000)]   

%%timeit  
s = '' for i in a: s += i %%timeit   
s = ''.join(a)  
  • 性能提升数十倍,如下图所示:
  • xingnegn

3. while 1 优于 while true [1.6倍] :

def while_1():
    n = 100000
    while 1:
        n -= 1
        if n <= 0: break
def while_true():
    n = 100000
    while True:
        n -= 1
        if n <= 0: break    

m, n = 1000000, 1000000 
%timeit -n 100 while_1()
%timeit -n 100 while_true()

100 loops, best of 3: 2.38 ms per loop
100 loops, best of 3: 3.79 ms per loop

4. ** 优于pow函数 [6.8倍] :

%timeit -n 10000 c = pow(2,20)
%timeit -n 10000 c = 2**20

10000 loops, best of 3: 80.4 ns per loop
10000 loops, best of 3: 11.7 ns per loop

5. set 优于 list [2.18倍]:

lista=[1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,13,34,53,42,44] 
listb=[2,4,6,9,23] 

%%timeit
intersection=[] 
for i in range (1000000): 
    for a in lista: 
        for b in listb: 
            if a == b: 
                intersection.append(a) 
                
1 loop, best of 3: 2.11 s per loop

%%timeit
intersection=[] 
for i in range (1000000): 
    list(set(lista)&set(listb)) 

1 loop, best of 3: 966 ms per loop

6. key 优于 list [2.28倍] :

lists = ['a','b','is','python','jason','hello','hill','with','phone','test', 
'dfdf','apple','pddf','ind','basic','none','baecr','var','bana','dd','wrd'] 

%%timeit
filter = [] 
for i in range (1000000):
    for find in ['is','hat','new','list','old','.']: 
        if find not in lists: 
            filter.append(find) 
                
1 loop, best of 3: 1.52 s per loop

%%timeit
lists2 = dict.fromkeys(lists,True) 
filter = [] 
for i in range (1000000):
    for find in ['is','hat','new','list','old','.']: 
        if find not in lists2: 
            filter.append(find)

1 loop, best of 3: 667 ms per loop

7. 列表解析 优于 append构建 [2.36倍]:

list = ['a','b','is','python','jason','hello','hill','with','phone','test', 
'dfdf','apple','pddf','ind','basic','none','baecr','var','bana','dd','wrd'] 

%%timeit
total=[] 
for i in range (1000000): 
    for w in list: 
        total.append(w) 
       
1 loop, best of 3: 1.74 s per loop

%%timeit
for i in range (1000000): 
    a = [w for w in list]

1 loop, best of 3: 737 ms per loop

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