android视频录制,播放;surfaceview+mediaPlayer播放视频有声音无图像的问题

1,功能说明:模仿QQ录制视频界面,可以传入路径播放(一定要在surfaceChanged);也可以录制视频并播放

,或者发送(通过setResult返回值)

2,遇到的坑:通过传入路径播放的话,一定要让surfaceview在图层上显示出来,不能被其他view遮挡,否则会出现有声音无图像的现象

java代码

import java.io.File;
import java.util.Calendar;
import com.dami.student.MyApplication;
import com.dami.student.R;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.media.AudioManager;
import android.media.MediaPlayer;
import android.media.MediaRecorder;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.SurfaceHolder;
import android.view.SurfaceView;
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import com.dami.student.ui.chatui.widget.CircleImageView;
import android.view.View.OnTouchListener;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import com.dami.student.net.utils.LogUtil;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class ShootingActivity extends Activity implements
		SurfaceHolder.Callback,OnClickListener,OnTouchListener{

	private static final String TAG = "MainActivity";
	private final int RESULT_SHOOTNG = 4;
	private LinearLayout LL_top;
	private LinearLayout LL_bottom;
	private SurfaceView mSurfaceview;
	private Button mBtnsend;
	private Button mBtnResetShooting;
	private CircleImageView mCircleImageView;
	private boolean mIsPlay = false;// 是否正在播放录像
	private MediaRecorder mRecorder;
	private SurfaceHolder mSurfaceHolder;
	private ImageView mExitShootingIM;
	private Camera camera;
	private MediaPlayer mediaPlayer;
	private String path  = null;
	private String videoPath;
	private TextView mTimeTV;
	private int time = 0;

	private android.os.Handler handler = new android.os.Handler();
	private Runnable runnable = new Runnable() {
		@Override
		public void run() {
			time++;
			mTimeTV.setText(time + "");
			handler.postDelayed(this, 1000);
		}
	};
	
	@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_shooting);

		inIt();
	}

	@Override
	protected void onResume() {
		super.onResume();
		
	}		
	
	@Override
	public void onClick(View v) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		
		switch (v.getId()) {
		case R.id.btnsend:	
			Intent intent = new Intent();
			intent.putExtra("data", path);
			setResult(-1, intent);
			finish();
			break;
		case R.id.exit_shooting_IM:
			finish();
			break;
		case R.id.btn_reset_shooting:
			resetShooting();
			break;
		case R.id.surfaceview:
			finish();
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}
	
		
	@Override
	public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		switch (v.getId()) {
		case R.id.start_shooting:
			if (event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {
				startShooting();
			}else if (event.getAction() == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP) {
				StopShooting();
				playVideo(path);
			}	
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder surfaceHolder) {
		mSurfaceHolder = surfaceHolder;
		LogUtil.i(TAG, "wdh  surfaceCreated   path    "+path);
		if (null == videoPath) {
			camera = Camera.open(Camera.CameraInfo.CAMERA_FACING_BACK);
			if (camera != null) {
				try {
					camera.setPreviewDisplay(mSurfaceHolder);
					camera.setDisplayOrientation(90);
					camera.startPreview();
				} catch (Exception e) {
					// TODO: handle exception
					LogUtil.i(TAG, "wdh  surfaceCreated"+e);
				}
			}
		}
	}

	@Override
	public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder surfaceHolder, int i, int i1,
			int i2) {
		// 将holder,这个holder为开始在onCreate里面取得的holder,将它赋给mSurfaceHolder
		LogUtil.i(TAG, "wdh -----------------surfaceChanged");	
		mSurfaceHolder = surfaceHolder;
		if (null != videoPath) {//传进来路径播放
			playVideo(videoPath);
		}
	}

	@Override
	public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder surfaceHolder) {
		mSurfaceview = null;
		mSurfaceHolder = null;
		handler.removeCallbacks(runnable);
		if (mRecorder != null) {
			mRecorder.release();
			mRecorder = null;
			Log.d(TAG, "surfaceDestroyed release mRecorder");
		}
		if (camera != null) {
			camera.release();
			camera = null;
		}
		if (mediaPlayer != null) {
			mediaPlayer.release();
			mediaPlayer = null;
		}
	}
	
	private void inIt() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		
		LL_top = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.LL_top);
		LL_bottom = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.LL_bottom);
		mSurfaceview = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.surfaceview);
		mExitShootingIM = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.exit_shooting_IM);
		mExitShootingIM.setOnClickListener(this);
		mBtnResetShooting = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn_reset_shooting);
		mBtnResetShooting.setOnClickListener(this);
		mBtnsend = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnsend);
		mBtnsend.setOnClickListener(this);
		mTimeTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.time_TV);
		mCircleImageView = (CircleImageView)findViewById(R.id.start_shooting);
		mCircleImageView.setOnTouchListener(this);
		
		videoPath = getIntent().getStringExtra("videoPath");
		LogUtil.i(TAG, "wdh   videoPath"+videoPath);
		if (null != videoPath) {
			LL_top.setVisibility(View.GONE);
			LL_bottom.setVisibility(View.GONE);
			mSurfaceview.setOnClickListener(this);
		}else {
			LL_top.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
			LL_bottom.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
		}
		SurfaceHolder holder = mSurfaceview.getHolder();
		holder.addCallback(this);
		// setType必须设置,要不出错.
		holder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);			
	}
	
	/**
	 * 开始播放
	 * */
	private void playVideo(String videoPath){
		
		LogUtil.i(TAG, "wdh -----------------playVideo");		
		mIsPlay = true;
		if (mediaPlayer == null) {
			mediaPlayer = new MediaPlayer();
		}
		mediaPlayer.reset();
		Uri uri = Uri.parse(videoPath);
		mediaPlayer = MediaPlayer.create(ShootingActivity.this, uri);
		mediaPlayer.setAudioStreamType(AudioManager.STREAM_MUSIC);
		mediaPlayer.setDisplay(mSurfaceHolder);
		try {
			mediaPlayer.prepare();
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		mediaPlayer.start();
		mediaPlayer.setLooping(true);//设置重复播放
	}

	/**
	 * 获取系统时间
	 *
	 * @return
	 */
	public static String getDate() {
		
		Calendar ca = Calendar.getInstance();
		int year = ca.get(Calendar.YEAR); // 获取年份
		int month = ca.get(Calendar.MONTH); // 获取月份
		int day = ca.get(Calendar.DATE); // 获取日
		int minute = ca.get(Calendar.MINUTE); // 分
		int hour = ca.get(Calendar.HOUR); // 小时
		int second = ca.get(Calendar.SECOND); // 秒

		String date = "" + year + (month + 1) + day + hour + minute + second;
		Log.d(TAG, "date:" + date);

		return date;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 开始录制
	 * */
	private void startShooting(){
		
		mTimeTV.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
		mCircleImageView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
		mBtnsend.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
		mBtnResetShooting.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
		
		if (mIsPlay) {
			if (mediaPlayer != null) {
				mIsPlay = false;
				mediaPlayer.stop();
				mediaPlayer.reset();
				mediaPlayer.release();
				mediaPlayer = null;
			}
		}
		
		handler.postDelayed(runnable, 1000);
			if (mRecorder == null) {
				mRecorder = new MediaRecorder();
			}

			camera = Camera.open(Camera.CameraInfo.CAMERA_FACING_BACK);
			if (camera != null) {
				camera.setDisplayOrientation(90);
				camera.unlock();
				mRecorder.setCamera(camera);
			}

			try {
				// 这两项需要放在setOutputFormat之前
				mRecorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.CAMCORDER);
				mRecorder.setVideoSource(MediaRecorder.VideoSource.CAMERA);

				// Set output file format
				mRecorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.MPEG_4);

				// 这两项需要放在setOutputFormat之后
				mRecorder.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AAC);
				mRecorder.setVideoEncoder(MediaRecorder.VideoEncoder.MPEG_4_SP);

				mRecorder.setVideoSize(640, 480);
				mRecorder.setVideoFrameRate(30);
				mRecorder.setVideoEncodingBitRate(3 * 1024 * 1024);
				mRecorder.setOrientationHint(90);
				// 设置记录会话的最大持续时间(毫秒)
				mRecorder.setMaxDuration(10 * 1000);
				mRecorder.setPreviewDisplay(mSurfaceHolder.getSurface());

				path =  MyApplication.LOCAL_FILE_PATH;
				if (path != null) {
					File dir = new File(path + "/recordtest");
					if (!dir.exists()) {
						dir.mkdir();
					}
					path = dir + "/" + getDate() + ".mp4";
					mRecorder.setOutputFile(path);
					mRecorder.prepare();
					mRecorder.start();
				}
			} catch (Exception e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 停止录制
	 * */
	private void StopShooting(){
		
		mTimeTV.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
		mBtnsend.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
		mBtnResetShooting.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
		mCircleImageView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
		// stop
			try {
				handler.removeCallbacks(runnable);
				mRecorder.stop();
				mRecorder.reset();
				mRecorder.release();
				mRecorder = null;
				time = 0;
				if (camera != null) {
					camera.release();
					camera = null;
				}
			} catch (Exception e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 重新录制
	 * */
	private void resetShooting(){
		
		time = 0;
		mTimeTV.setText(time + "");
		mTimeTV.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
		mCircleImageView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
		mBtnsend.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
		mBtnResetShooting.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
		if (mIsPlay) {
			if (mediaPlayer != null) {
				mIsPlay = false;
				mediaPlayer.stop();
				mediaPlayer.reset();
				mediaPlayer.release();
				mediaPlayer = null;
			}
		}

		if (mRecorder != null) {
			mRecorder.release();
			mRecorder = null;
		}
		
		if (null == camera) {
			camera = Camera.open(Camera.CameraInfo.CAMERA_FACING_BACK);
		}
		
		if (camera != null) {
			try {
				camera.setPreviewDisplay(mSurfaceHolder);
				camera.setDisplayOrientation(90);
				camera.startPreview();
			} catch (Exception e) {
				// TODO: handle exception
				LogUtil.i(TAG, "wdh  surfaceCreated"+e);
			}
		}
	}
	
}

布局文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" >
    
<SurfaceView
        android:id="@+id/surfaceview"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageview"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_marginBottom="60dp"
        android:visibility="gone"
        android:src="@drawable/ic_launcher"/>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnStartStop"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:text="@string/shooting_start"/>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnPlayVideo"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:layout_toLeftOf="@id/btnStartStop"
        android:text="@string/play"
        android:layout_marginRight="20dp"/>
    
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnsend"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:layout_toRightOf="@id/btnStartStop"
        android:text="@string/send"
        android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"/>

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/text"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="25sp"
        android:textColor="@color/white"
        android:text="@string/time_start"
        android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
        android:layout_marginTop="12dp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"
        android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"/>
</RelativeLayout>
原文地址:http://blog.csdn.net/woshizisezise/article/details/51878566
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