spring AOP自定义注解方式实现日志管理


今天继续实现AOP,到这里我个人认为是最灵活,可扩展的方式了,就拿日志管理来说,用Spring AOP 自定义注解形式实现日志管理。废话不多说,直接开始!!!

关于配置我还是的再说一遍。

 

在applicationContext-mvc.xml中要添加的

     

     <mvc:annotation-driven />
     <!-- 激活组件扫描功能,在包com.gcx及其子包下面自动扫描通过注解配置的组件 -->
     <context:component-scan base-package="com.gcx" />

  

     <!-- 启动对@AspectJ注解的支持 --> 
     <!-- proxy-target-class等于true是强制使用cglib代理,proxy-target-class默认是false,如果你的类实现了接口 就走JDK代理,如果没有,走cglib代理  -->
     <!-- 注:对于单利模式建议使用cglib代理,虽然JDK动态代理比cglib代理速度快,但性能不如cglib -->

     <!--如果不写proxy-target-class="true"这句话也没问题-->
     <aop:aspectj-autoproxy proxy-target-class="true"/>

     <!--切面-->
     <bean id="systemLogAspect" class="com.gcx.annotation.SystemLogAspect"></bean>

接下来开始编写代码。

 创建日志类实体



  
public class SystemLog {
    private String id;

    private String description;

    private String method;
   
    private Long logType;
  
    private String requestIp;
  
    private String exceptioncode;
 
    private String exceptionDetail;
 
    private String params;
  
    private String createBy;

    private Date createDate;
 
    public String getId() {
        return id;
    }
 
    public void setId(String id) {
         this.id = id == null ? null : id.trim();
    }

     public String getDescription() {
         return description;
     }
 
     public void setDescription(String description) {
         this.description = description == null ? null : description.trim();
     }
 
     public String getMethod() {
         return method;
     }
 
     public void setMethod(String method) {
         this.method = method == null ? null : method.trim();
     }
 
     public Long getLogType() {
         return logType;
     }
 
     public void setLogType(Long logType) {
         this.logType = logType;
     }
 
     public String getRequestIp() {
         return requestIp;
     }
 
     public void setRequestIp(String requestIp) {
         this.requestIp = requestIp == null ? null : requestIp.trim();
     }
 
     public String getExceptioncode() {
         return exceptioncode;
     }
 
     public void setExceptioncode(String exceptioncode) {
         this.exceptioncode = exceptioncode == null ? null : exceptioncode.trim();
     }
 
     public String getExceptionDetail() {
         return exceptionDetail;
     }
 
     public void setExceptionDetail(String exceptionDetail) {
         this.exceptionDetail = exceptionDetail == null ? null : exceptionDetail.trim();
     }
 
     public String getParams() {
         return params;
     }
 
     public void setParams(String params) {
         this.params = params == null ? null : params.trim();
     }
 
     public String getCreateBy() {
         return createBy;
     }
 
     public void setCreateBy(String createBy) {
         this.createBy = createBy == null ? null : createBy.trim();
     }
 
     public Date getCreateDate() {
         return createDate;
     }
 
     public void setCreateDate(Date createDate) {
         this.createDate = createDate;
     }
 }
View Code

     编写dao接口

 
package com.gcx.dao;
 
 import com.gcx.entity.SystemLog;
 
 public interface SystemLogMapper {
     int deleteByPrimaryKey(String id);
 
     int insert(SystemLog record);
 
     int insertSelective(SystemLog record);
 
     SystemLog selectByPrimaryKey(String id);
 
     int updateByPrimaryKeySelective(SystemLog record);
 
     int updateByPrimaryKey(SystemLog record);
 }
View Code

    编写service层


 
package com.gcx.service;
 
 import com.gcx.entity.SystemLog;
 
 public interface SystemLogService {
 
     int deleteSystemLog(String id);
 
     int insert(SystemLog record);
     
     int insertTest(SystemLog record);
 
     SystemLog selectSystemLog(String id);
     
     int updateSystemLog(SystemLog record);
 }

View Code

   编写service实现类serviceImpl

package com.gcx.service.impl;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import com.gcx.annotation.Log;
import com.gcx.dao.SystemLogMapper;
import com.gcx.entity.SystemLog;
import com.gcx.service.SystemLogService;

@Service("systemLogService")
public class SystemLogServiceImpl implements SystemLogService {

    @Resource
    private SystemLogMapper systemLogMapper;
    
    @Override
    public int deleteSystemLog(String id) {
        
        return systemLogMapper.deleteByPrimaryKey(id);
    }

    @Override
    
    public int insert(SystemLog record) {
        
        return systemLogMapper.insertSelective(record);
    }

    @Override
    public SystemLog selectSystemLog(String id) {
        
        return systemLogMapper.selectByPrimaryKey(id);
    }

    @Override
    public int updateSystemLog(SystemLog record) {
        
        return systemLogMapper.updateByPrimaryKeySelective(record);
    }

    @Override
    public int insertTest(SystemLog record) {
        
        return systemLogMapper.insert(record);
    }

}


View Code

到这里基本程序编写完毕

开始自定义注解

package com.gcx.annotation;

import java.lang.annotation.*;

@Target({ElementType.PARAMETER, ElementType.METHOD})  
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)  
@Documented  
public @interface Log {

    /** 要执行的操作类型比如:add操作 **/  
    public String operationType() default "";  
     
    /** 要执行的具体操作比如:添加用户 **/  
    public String operationName() default "";
}


下面编写切面

package com.gcx.annotation;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.UUID;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

import org.aspectj.lang.JoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.ProceedingJoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.After;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.AfterReturning;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.AfterThrowing;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Around;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Before;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Pointcut;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import com.gcx.entity.SystemLog;
import com.gcx.entity.User;
import com.gcx.service.SystemLogService;
import com.gcx.util.JsonUtil;

/**
 * @author 杨建 
 * @E-mail: email
 * @version 创建时间:2015-10-19 下午4:29:05
 * @desc 切点类 
 */

@Aspect
@Component
public class SystemLogAspect {

    //注入Service用于把日志保存数据库  
    @Resource  //这里我用resource注解,一般用的是@Autowired,他们的区别如有时间我会在后面的博客中来写
    private SystemLogService systemLogService;  
    
    private  static  final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SystemLogAspect. class);  
    
    //Controller层切点  
    @Pointcut("execution (* com.gcx.controller..*.*(..))")  
    public  void controllerAspect() {  
    }  
    
    /** 
     * 前置通知 用于拦截Controller层记录用户的操作 
     * 
     * @param joinPoint 切点 
     */ 
    @Before("controllerAspect()")
    public void doBefore(JoinPoint joinPoint) {
        System.out.println("==========执行controller前置通知===============");
        if(logger.isInfoEnabled()){
            logger.info("before " + joinPoint);
        }
    }    
    
    //配置controller环绕通知,使用在方法aspect()上注册的切入点
      @Around("controllerAspect()")
      public void around(JoinPoint joinPoint){
          System.out.println("==========开始执行controller环绕通知===============");
          long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
          try {
              ((ProceedingJoinPoint) joinPoint).proceed();
              long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
              if(logger.isInfoEnabled()){
                  logger.info("around " + joinPoint + "\tUse time : " + (end - start) + " ms!");
              }
              System.out.println("==========结束执行controller环绕通知===============");
          } catch (Throwable e) {
              long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
              if(logger.isInfoEnabled()){
                  logger.info("around " + joinPoint + "\tUse time : " + (end - start) + " ms with exception : " + e.getMessage());
              }
          }
      }
    
    /** 
     * 后置通知 用于拦截Controller层记录用户的操作 
     * 
     * @param joinPoint 切点 
     */  
    @After("controllerAspect()")  
    public  void after(JoinPoint joinPoint) {  
  
       /* HttpServletRequest request = ((ServletRequestAttributes) RequestContextHolder.getRequestAttributes()).getRequest();  
        HttpSession session = request.getSession();  */
        //读取session中的用户  
       // User user = (User) session.getAttribute("user");  
        //请求的IP  
        //String ip = request.getRemoteAddr();
        User user = new User();
        user.setId(1);
        user.setName("张三");
        String ip = "127.0.0.1";
         try {  
            
            String targetName = joinPoint.getTarget().getClass().getName();  
            String methodName = joinPoint.getSignature().getName();  
            Object[] arguments = joinPoint.getArgs();  
            Class targetClass = Class.forName(targetName);  
            Method[] methods = targetClass.getMethods();
            String operationType = "";
            String operationName = "";
             for (Method method : methods) {  
                 if (method.getName().equals(methodName)) {  
                    Class[] clazzs = method.getParameterTypes();  
                     if (clazzs.length == arguments.length) {  
                         operationType = method.getAnnotation(Log.class).operationType();
                         operationName = method.getAnnotation(Log.class).operationName();
                         break;  
                    }  
                }  
            }
            //*========控制台输出=========*//  
            System.out.println("=====controller后置通知开始=====");  
            System.out.println("请求方法:" + (joinPoint.getTarget().getClass().getName() + "." + joinPoint.getSignature().getName() + "()")+"."+operationType);  
            System.out.println("方法描述:" + operationName);  
            System.out.println("请求人:" + user.getName());  
            System.out.println("请求IP:" + ip);  
            //*========数据库日志=========*//  
            SystemLog log = new SystemLog();  
            log.setId(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
            log.setDescription(operationName);  
            log.setMethod((joinPoint.getTarget().getClass().getName() + "." + joinPoint.getSignature().getName() + "()")+"."+operationType);  
            log.setLogType((long)0);  
            log.setRequestIp(ip);  
            log.setExceptioncode( null);  
            log.setExceptionDetail( null);  
            log.setParams( null);  
            log.setCreateBy(user.getName());  
            log.setCreateDate(new Date());  
            //保存数据库  
            systemLogService.insert(log);  
            System.out.println("=====controller后置通知结束=====");  
        }  catch (Exception e) {  
            //记录本地异常日志  
            logger.error("==后置通知异常==");  
            logger.error("异常信息:{}", e.getMessage());  
        }  
    } 
    
    //配置后置返回通知,使用在方法aspect()上注册的切入点
      @AfterReturning("controllerAspect()")
      public void afterReturn(JoinPoint joinPoint){
          System.out.println("=====执行controller后置返回通知=====");  
              if(logger.isInfoEnabled()){
                  logger.info("afterReturn " + joinPoint);
              }
      }
    
    /** 
     * 异常通知 用于拦截记录异常日志 
     * 
     * @param joinPoint 
     * @param e 
     */  
     @AfterThrowing(pointcut = "controllerAspect()", throwing="e")  
     public  void doAfterThrowing(JoinPoint joinPoint, Throwable e) {  
        /*HttpServletRequest request = ((ServletRequestAttributes) RequestContextHolder.getRequestAttributes()).getRequest();  
        HttpSession session = request.getSession();  
        //读取session中的用户  
        User user = (User) session.getAttribute(WebConstants.CURRENT_USER);  
        //获取请求ip  
        String ip = request.getRemoteAddr(); */ 
        //获取用户请求方法的参数并序列化为JSON格式字符串  
        
        User user = new User();
        user.setId(1);
        user.setName("张三");
        String ip = "127.0.0.1";
        
        String params = "";  
         if (joinPoint.getArgs() !=  null && joinPoint.getArgs().length > 0) {  
             for ( int i = 0; i < joinPoint.getArgs().length; i++) {  
                params += JsonUtil.getJsonStr(joinPoint.getArgs()[i]) + ";";  
            }  
        }  
         try {  
             
             String targetName = joinPoint.getTarget().getClass().getName();  
             String methodName = joinPoint.getSignature().getName();  
             Object[] arguments = joinPoint.getArgs();  
             Class targetClass = Class.forName(targetName);  
             Method[] methods = targetClass.getMethods();
             String operationType = "";
             String operationName = "";
              for (Method method : methods) {  
                  if (method.getName().equals(methodName)) {  
                     Class[] clazzs = method.getParameterTypes();  
                      if (clazzs.length == arguments.length) {  
                          operationType = method.getAnnotation(Log.class).operationType();
                          operationName = method.getAnnotation(Log.class).operationName();
                          break;  
                     }  
                 }  
             }
             /*========控制台输出=========*/  
            System.out.println("=====异常通知开始=====");  
            System.out.println("异常代码:" + e.getClass().getName());  
            System.out.println("异常信息:" + e.getMessage());  
            System.out.println("异常方法:" + (joinPoint.getTarget().getClass().getName() + "." + joinPoint.getSignature().getName() + "()")+"."+operationType);  
            System.out.println("方法描述:" + operationName);  
            System.out.println("请求人:" + user.getName());  
            System.out.println("请求IP:" + ip);  
            System.out.println("请求参数:" + params);  
               /*==========数据库日志=========*/  
            SystemLog log = new SystemLog();
            log.setId(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
            log.setDescription(operationName);  
            log.setExceptioncode(e.getClass().getName());  
            log.setLogType((long)1);  
            log.setExceptionDetail(e.getMessage());  
            log.setMethod((joinPoint.getTarget().getClass().getName() + "." + joinPoint.getSignature().getName() + "()"));  
            log.setParams(params);  
            log.setCreateBy(user.getName());  
            log.setCreateDate(new Date());  
            log.setRequestIp(ip);  
            //保存数据库  
            systemLogService.insert(log);  
            System.out.println("=====异常通知结束=====");  
        }  catch (Exception ex) {  
            //记录本地异常日志  
            logger.error("==异常通知异常==");  
            logger.error("异常信息:{}", ex.getMessage());  
        }  
         /*==========记录本地异常日志==========*/  
        logger.error("异常方法:{}异常代码:{}异常信息:{}参数:{}", joinPoint.getTarget().getClass().getName() + joinPoint.getSignature().getName(), e.getClass().getName(), e.getMessage(), params);  
  
    }  
    
 }


 我这里写的比较全,前置通知,环绕通知,后置通知,异常通知,后置饭后通知,都写上了,在我们实际编写中不写全也没事,我习惯上把记录日志的逻辑写在后置通知里面,我看网上也有些在前置通知里面的,但我感觉写在后置通知里比较好。

下面开始在controller中加入自定义的注解!!

 package com.gcx.controller;
 
 import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
 import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
 import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
 
 import com.gcx.annotation.Log;
 import com.gcx.service.UserService;
 
 @Controller
 @RequestMapping("userController")
 public class UserController {
 
     @Autowired
     private UserService userService;
     
     @RequestMapping("testAOP")
     @Log(operationType="add操作:",operationName="添加用户")  
     public void testAOP(String userName,String password){        
         userService.addUser(userName, password);
     }
 }



下面编写测试类

@Test
    public void testAOP1(){
        //启动Spring容器        
        ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(new String[]{"classpath:applicationContext-mvc.xml","classpath:applicationContext-dataSource.xml"});
        //获取service或controller组件
        UserController userController = (UserController) ctx.getBean("userController");
        userController.testAOP("zhangsan", "123456");
    }
   



数据库数据:

我原本想写两个切点,一个是service层,一个是controller层,service层是用来记录异常信息的日志,而controller层的是用来记录功能的日志,运行结果如下。    

这样做的话不知道在实际的项目中运行效率好不好,在这里请看到博客的大牛给点建议!!

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