Image Processing23(Finding contours in your image )

Goal

In this tutorial you will learn how to:

Theory

虽然Canny之类的边缘检测算法可以根据像素之间的差异,检测出轮廓边界的像素,但是它并没有将轮廓作为一个整体。所以,需要把这些边缘像素组装成轮廓。

Code

#include "opencv2/imgcodecs.hpp"
#include "opencv2/highgui.hpp"
#include "opencv2/imgproc.hpp"
#include <iostream>
using namespace cv;
using namespace std;
Mat src; Mat src_gray;
int thresh = 100;
int max_thresh = 255;
RNG rng(12345);
void thresh_callback(int, void* );
int main( int argc, char** argv )
{
  String imageName("lena.jpg"); // by default
  if (argc > 1)
  {
    imageName = argv[1];
  }
  src = imread(imageName, IMREAD_COLOR);
  if (src.empty())
  {
    cerr << "No image supplied ..." << endl;
    return -1;
  }
  cvtColor( src, src_gray, COLOR_BGR2GRAY );//灰度图
  blur( src_gray, src_gray, Size(3,3) );//均值滤波
  const char* source_window = "Source";
  namedWindow( source_window, WINDOW_AUTOSIZE );
  imshow( source_window, src );
  createTrackbar( " Canny thresh:", "Source", &thresh, max_thresh, thresh_callback );//滑动条
  thresh_callback( 0, 0 );
  waitKey(0);
  return(0);
}
void thresh_callback(int, void* )
{
  Mat canny_output;
  vector<vector<Point> > contours;
  vector<Vec4i> hierarchy;
  Canny( src_gray, canny_output, thresh, thresh*2, 3 );//输入,输出,阀值,阀值,内核大小。
  findContours( canny_output, contours, hierarchy, RETR_TREE, CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE, Point(0, 0) );
  //输入,输出(存储为点的向量),轮廓的检索模式,轮廓的逼近方法,每一个轮廓点可以选择的偏移量
  Mat drawing = Mat::zeros( canny_output.size(), CV_8UC3 );
  for( size_t i = 0; i< contours.size(); i++ )
     {
       Scalar color = Scalar( rng.uniform(0, 255), rng.uniform(0,255), rng.uniform(0,255) );
       drawContours( drawing, contours, (int)i, color, 2, 8, hierarchy, 0, Point() );
       //输入,轮廓,轮廓index,颜色,厚度,线型,层次结构,如果它是0,只绘制指定的轮廓。如果它是1,该函数绘制轮廓和所有嵌套的轮廓。
       //如果它是2,则该函数绘制轮廓,所有嵌套轮廓,所有嵌套到嵌套轮廓,等等。轮廓偏移参数

     }
  namedWindow( "Contours", WINDOW_AUTOSIZE );
  imshow( "Contours", drawing );
}

CMakeLists.txt

cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.8)

set(CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS "-std=c++11")
project( DisplayImage )
find_package( OpenCV REQUIRED )
include_directories( ${OpenCV_INCLUDE_DIRS} )
add_executable( DisplayImage main.cpp )
target_link_libraries( DisplayImage ${OpenCV_LIBS} )


install(TARGETS DisplayImage RUNTIME DESTINATION bin

Results


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