mysql如何删除表中的重复行并保留id较小(或者较大)的记录

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        在实际录入数据库的过程中,如果数据量比较大的话,难免会因为一些原因,而录入多条重复的记录,那么应该如何操作才能删除重复行,并且保留一条id较大,或者较小的记录呢。

        在本例中所用数据表结构如下所示tdb_goods

        表中数据重复如图所示


        首先第一步,利用group by分组查出每组中数目大于2的(即重复记录的)内容

mysql> SELECT goods_id,goods_name FROM tdb_goods GROUP BY goods_name HAVING COUN
T(goods_name)>=2;
+----------+------------------------------+
| goods_id | goods_name                   |
+----------+------------------------------+
|       20 | X3250 M4机架式服务器 2583i14            |
|       19 | 商务双肩背包                          |
+----------+------------------------------+
2 rows in set (0.01 sec)

        然后使用LEFT JOIN使原始表和上述查询结果进行连接,删除重复记录,保留id较小的记录

mysql> DELETE t1 FROM tdb_goods AS t1 LEFT JOIN( SELECT goods_id,goods_name FROM
 tdb_goods GROUP BY goods_name HAVING COUNT(goods_name)>=2) AS t2 ON t1.goods_na
me = t2.goods_name WHERE t1.goods_id>t2.goods_id;
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.06 sec)

        从上述语句可以看出,条件是名称相同的,然后删除所有goods_id大的记录。这样就可以实现想要的效果。

        如果想保留id较大的同理,如下所示

       

mysql> DELETE t1 FROM tdb_goods AS t1 LEFT JOIN( SELECT max(goods_id) AS goods_i
d,goods_name FROM tdb_goods GROUP BY goods_name HAVING COUNT(goods_name)>=2) AS
t2 ON t1.goods_name = t2.goods_name WHERE t1.goods_id<t2.goods_id;
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.03 sec)


注关于表连接,如有疑问请查看JOIN的用法。




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