运维-MAC如何安装Mysql5.7

1. 安装步骤

(1)brew下载Mysql5.7

brew install mysql@5.7   

(2)链接

brew link --force mysql@5.7 

关于brew link则需要了解一个概念-> keg-only ,字面翻译,装在桶里。也就是说这个软件虽然被brew下载下来了,但是却没有被系统所使用,也就是没有被加入到环境变量里。默认brew install是进行了brew link操作的,但是如果出现冲突,软件就会变成keg-only状态,这时候需要brew link使brew安装的软件发挥作用。同时,如果不想使用brew安装的软件,brew unlink就是很好的选择,环境变量会指向其他的包。比如使用brew安装python,很容易会和环境中原来的python冲突,brew unlink则会失能brew python。这时候需要仔细看自己将要安装的包的依赖里是否有python,如果有的话很可能会出现意想不到的情况。

(3)查看mysql读取my.cnf配置顺序(所有指定目录都会读取)

mysql --verbose --help | grep my.cnf 

(4)复制如下信息至/etc/my.cnf,没有该文件可以先创建

# Example MySQL config file for medium systems.
#
# This is for a system with little memory (32M - 64M) where MySQL plays
# an important part, or systems up to 128M where MySQL is used together with
# other programs (such as a web server)
#
# MySQL programs look for option files in a set of
# locations which depend on the deployment platform.
# You can copy this option file to one of those
# locations. For information about these locations, see:
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/option-files.html
#
# In this file, you can use all long options that a program supports.
# If you want to know which options a program supports, run the program
# with the “–help” option.
# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients
[client]
#default-character-set=utf8
#password = 123456
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
# Here follows entries for some specific programs
# The MySQL server
[mysqld]
# 指定data目录,一般放在安装目录中,没有data文件,就自己创建一个,一定要创建
datadir = /usr/local/opt/mysql@5.7/data
# 不限定非127.0.0.1连接mysql
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
#character-set-server=utf8
init_connect=’SET NAMES utf8
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
skip-external-locking
key_buffer_size = 16M
max_allowed_packet = 1M
table_open_cache = 64
sort_buffer_size = 512K
net_buffer_length = 8K
read_buffer_size = 256K
read_rnd_buffer_size = 512K
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M
#character-set-server=utf8
init_connect=’SET NAMES utf8’
#init-command=”set sql_mode=’STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION’”
# Don’t listen on a TCP/IP port at all. This can be a security enhancement,
# if all processes that need to connect to mysqld run on the same host.
# All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets or named pipes.
# Note that using this option without enabling named pipes on Windows
# (via the “enable-named-pipe” option) will render mysqld useless!
#skip-networking
# Replication Master Server (default)
# binary logging is required for replication
log-bin=mysql-bin
# binary logging format - mixed recommended
binlog_format=mixed
# required unique id between 1 and 2^32 - 1
# defaults to 1 if master-host is not set
# but will not function as a master if omitted
server-id = 1
# Replication Slave (comment out master section to use this)
#
# To configure this host as a replication slave, you can choose between
# two methods :
#
# 1) Use the CHANGE MASTER TO command (fully described in our manual) -
# the syntax is:
#
# CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST=, MASTER_PORT=,
# MASTER_USER=, MASTER_PASSWORD= ;
#
# where you replace , , by quoted strings and
# by the master’s port number (3306 by default).
#
# Example:
#

#
# CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST=’125.564.12.1’, MASTER_PORT=3306,
# MASTER_USER=’joe’, MASTER_PASSWORD=’secret’;
#
# OR
#
# 2) Set the variables below. However, in case you choose this method, then
# start replication for the first time (even unsuccessfully, for example
# if you mistyped the password in master-password and the slave fails to
# connect), the slave will create a master.info file, and any later
# change in this file to the variables’ values below will be ignored and
# overridden by the content of the master.info file, unless you shutdown
# the slave server, delete master.info and restart the slaver server.
# For that reason, you may want to leave the lines below untouched
# (commented) and instead use CHANGE MASTER TO (see above)
#
# required unique id between 2 and 2^32 - 1
# (and different from the master)
# defaults to 2 if master-host is set
# but will not function as a slave if omitted
#server-id = 2
#
# The replication master for this slave - required
#master-host =
#
# The username the slave will use for authentication when connecting
# to the master - required
#master-user =
#
# The password the slave will authenticate with when connecting to
# the master - required
#master-password =
#
# The port the master is listening on.
# optional - defaults to 3306
#master-port =
#
# binary logging - not required for slaves, but recommended
#log-bin=mysql-bin
# Uncomment the following if you are using InnoDB tables
#innodb_data_home_dir = /usr/local/mysql/data
#innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10M:autoextend
#innodb_log_group_home_dir = /usr/local/mysql/data
# You can set .._buffer_pool_size up to 50 - 80 %
# of RAM but beware of setting memory usage too high
#innodb_buffer_pool_size = 16M
#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 2M
# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size
#innodb_log_file_size = 5M
#innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
#innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
#innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M
[mysql]
#no-auto-rehash
# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL
#safe-updates
#default-character-set=utf8
#init-command=”set sql_mode=’STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION’”
[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 20M
sort_buffer_size = 20M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M
[mysqlhotcopy]
interactive-timeout

(5)删除中间两个存在的my.cnf(mysql启动的时候会报错,因为默认的属性不对)

rm -rf /etc/mysql/my.cnf
rm -rf /usr/local/etc/my.cnf

(5)启动mysql

mysqld目录不知道的话,可以先用which mysql,查看安装目录,我的是在/usr/local/opt/mysql@5.7/bin/mysql下

2. Mysql如何开机自启动

(1) 拷贝如下文件com.mysql.plist至如下目录下

  • /Library/LaunchAgents (由管理员为用户定义的任务项 )

如果放到/Library/Launch Agents/下面的话,就是一开机就启动哦~

我本机的mysql安装目录:/usr/local/opt/mysql@5.7

<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
        <key>Label</key>
        <string>com.mysql</string>
        <key>ProgramArguments</key>
        <array>
                <string>/usr/local/opt/mysql@5.7/bin/mysqld_safe</string>
        </array>
        <key>RunAtLoad</key>
        <true/>
        <key>KeepAlive</key>
        <true/>
</dict>
</plist>

(2)设置开机自启动,如果开机后无效,则用unload卸载,用(1)中其他目录试试

sudo launchctl load -w /Library/LaunchAgents/com.mysql.plist
sudo launchctl unload /Library/LaunchAgents/com.mysql.plist #卸载

 

3. 其他

  • 启动过程中有什么问题,可以看日志来了解是配置出问题还是其他,终端提示的错误信息太泛,查不出什么问题
cat /usr/local/opt/mysql@5.7/apple1deMacBook-Pro.local.err
  • 查看mysql进程 & 杀进程
ps aux |grep mysql
sudo kill ****

 

参考资料:

Mac brew安装mysql5.7

MySQL读取配置文件的顺序、启动方式、启动原理

mysqld: Too many arguments (first extra is 'start').

Homebrew命令总结

launchctl 启动进程控制

Mac使用Launchd命令行lauchctl操作服务的简单用法

Mac Pro 开机自启动 PHP-FPM,Nginx,MySql 等软件

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