通过文件流获取文件类型

  1. 第一步读取文件流为byte[]

  2. 截取前三位,并转成16进制码
  3. 在码表中对比

 

转换函数:

    public static String bytesToHexString(byte[] src) {
        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        if (src == null || src.length <= 0) {
            return null;
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < src.length; i++) {
            int v = src[i] & 0xFF;
            String hv = Integer.toHexString(v);
            if (hv.length() < 2) {
                stringBuilder.append(0);
            }
            stringBuilder.append(hv);
        }
        return stringBuilder.toString();
    }

对应码表:

package com.dzh;

public class TypeDict {
    /**
     常用文件的文件头如下:(以前六位为准)
     JPEG (jpg),文件头:FFD8FF
     PNG (png),文件头:89504E47
     GIF (gif),文件头:47494638
     TIFF (tif),文件头:49492A00
     Windows Bitmap (bmp),文件头:424D
     CAD (dwg),文件头:41433130
     Adobe Photoshop (psd),文件头:38425053
     Rich Text Format (rtf),文件头:7B5C727466
     XML (xml),文件头:3C3F786D6C
     HTML (html),文件头:68746D6C3E
     Email [thorough only] (eml),文件头:44656C69766572792D646174653A
     Outlook Express (dbx),文件头:CFAD12FEC5FD746F
     Outlook (pst),文件头:2142444E
     MS Word/Excel (xls.or.doc),文件头:D0CF11E0
     MS Access (mdb),文件头:5374616E64617264204A
     WordPerfect (wpd),文件头:FF575043
     Postscript (eps.or.ps),文件头:252150532D41646F6265
     Adobe Acrobat (pdf),文件头:255044462D312E
     Quicken (qdf),文件头:AC9EBD8F
     Windows Password (pwl),文件头:E3828596
     ZIP Archive (zip),文件头:504B0304
     RAR Archive (rar),文件头:52617221
     Wave (wav),文件头:57415645
     AVI (avi),文件头:41564920
     Real Audio (ram),文件头:2E7261FD
     Real Media (rm),文件头:2E524D46
     MPEG (mpg),文件头:000001BA
     MPEG (mpg),文件头:000001B3
     Quicktime (mov),文件头:6D6F6F76
     Windows Media (asf),文件头:3026B2758E66CF11
     MIDI (mid),文件头:4D546864
     */
    public static String checkType(String data) {

        switch (data) {
            case "FFD8FF": return "jpg";
            case "89504E": return "png";
            case "474946": return "jif";
            case "47494638": return "gif";

            default: return "0000";
        }
    }
}

测试主类:

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        FileInputStream is = new FileInputStream("C:\\Users\\dingzuoheng_office\\Desktop\\eb2294fe61e99653fe603d15cb76c1e.png");
        byte[] b = new byte[3];
        is.read(b, 0, b.length);
        String xxx = bytesToHexString(b);
        xxx = xxx.toUpperCase();
        System.out.println("头文件是:" + xxx);
        String ooo = TypeDict.checkType(xxx);
        System.out.println("后缀名是:" + ooo);

    }


 

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