保存一个常用的Makefile


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# Generic Makefile for C/C++ Program

#

# License: GPL (General Public License)

# Author:  whyglinux <whyglinux AT gmail DOT com>

# Date:    2006/03/04 (version 0.1)

#          2007/03/24 (version 0.2)

#          2007/04/09 (version 0.3)

#          2007/06/26 (version 0.4)

#          2008/04/05 (version 0.5)

#

# Description:

# ------------

# This is an easily customizable makefile template. The purpose is to

# provide an instant building environment for C/C++ programs.

#

# It searches all the C/C++ source files in the specified directories,

# makes dependencies, compiles and links to form an executable.

#

# Besides its default ability to build C/C++ programs which use only

# standard C/C++ libraries, you can customize the Makefile to build

# those using other libraries. Once done, without any changes you can

# then build programs using the same or less libraries, even if source

# files are renamed, added or removed. Therefore, it is particularly

# convenient to use it to build codes for experimental or study use.

#

# GNU make is expected to use the Makefile. Other versions of makes

# may or may not work.

#

# Usage:

# ------

# 1. Copy the Makefile to your program directory.

# 2. Customize in the "Customizable Section" only if necessary:

#    * to use non-standard C/C++ libraries, set pre-processor or compiler

#      options to <MY_CFLAGS> and linker ones to <MY_LIBS>

#      (See Makefile.gtk+-2.0 for an example)

#    * to search sources in more directories, set to <SRCDIRS>

#    * to specify your favorite program name, set to <PROGRAM>

# 3. Type make to start building your program.

#

# Make Target:

# ------------

# The Makefile provides the following targets to make:

#   $ make           compile and link

#   $ make NODEP=yes compile and link without generating dependencies

#   $ make objs      compile only (no linking)

#   $ make tags      create tags for Emacs editor

#   $ make ctags     create ctags for VI editor

#   $ make clean     clean objects and the executable file

#   $ make distclean clean objects, the executable and dependencies

#   $ make help      get the usage of the makefile

#

#===========================================================================

 

## Customizable Section: adapt those variables to suit your program.

##==========================================================================

 

# The pre-processor and compiler options.

MY_CFLAGS = -I/home/anker/project/myssl/include

 

# The linker options.

MY_LIBS   = -L/home/anker/project/myssl/lib -lssl -lcrypto

 

# The pre-processor options used by the cpp (man cpp for more).

CPPFLAGS  = -Wall

 

# The options used in linking as well as in any direct use of ld.

LDFLAGS   =

 

# The directories in which source files reside.

# If not specified, only the current directory will be serached.

SRCDIRS   =

 

# The executable file name.

# If not specified, current directory name or `a.out' will be used.

PROGRAM   =client

 

## Implicit Section: change the following only when necessary.

##==========================================================================

 

# The source file types (headers excluded).

# .c indicates C source files, and others C++ ones.

SRCEXTS = .c .C .cc .cpp .CPP .c++ .cxx .cp

 

# The header file types.

HDREXTS = .h .H .hh .hpp .HPP .h++ .hxx .hp

 

# The pre-processor and compiler options.

# Users can override those variables from the command line.

CFLAGS  = -g -O2

CXXFLAGS= -g -O2

 

# The C program compiler.

#CC     = gcc

 

# The C++ program compiler.

#CXX    = g++

 

# Un-comment the following line to compile C programs as C++ ones.

#CC     = $(CXX)

 

# The command used to delete file.

#RM     = rm -f

 

ETAGS = etags

ETAGSFLAGS =

 

CTAGS = ctags

CTAGSFLAGS =

 

## Stable Section: usually no need to be changed. But you can add more.

##==========================================================================

SHELL   = /bin/sh

EMPTY   =

SPACE   = $(EMPTY) $(EMPTY)

ifeq ($(PROGRAM),)

  CUR_PATH_NAMES = $(subst /,$(SPACE),$(subst $(SPACE),_,$(CURDIR)))

  PROGRAM = $(word $(words $(CUR_PATH_NAMES)),$(CUR_PATH_NAMES))

  ifeq ($(PROGRAM),)

    PROGRAM = a.out

  endif

endif

ifeq ($(SRCDIRS),)

  SRCDIRS = .

endif

SOURCES = $(foreach d,$(SRCDIRS),$(wildcard $(addprefix $(d)/*,$(SRCEXTS))))

HEADERS = $(foreach d,$(SRCDIRS),$(wildcard $(addprefix $(d)/*,$(HDREXTS))))

SRC_CXX = $(filter-out %.c,$(SOURCES))

OBJS    = $(addsuffix .o, $(basename $(SOURCES)))

DEPS    = $(OBJS:.o=.d)

 

## Define some useful variables.

DEP_OPT = $(shell if `$(CC) --version | grep "GCC" >/dev/null`; then \

                  echo "-MM -MP"; else echo "-M"; fi )

DEPEND      = $(CC)  $(DEP_OPT)  $(MY_CFLAGS) $(CFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS)

DEPEND.d    = $(subst -g ,,$(DEPEND))

COMPILE.c   = $(CC)  $(MY_CFLAGS) $(CFLAGS)   $(CPPFLAGS) -c

COMPILE.cxx = $(CXX) $(MY_CFLAGS) $(CXXFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS) -c

LINK.c      = $(CC)  $(MY_CFLAGS) $(CFLAGS)   $(CPPFLAGS) $(LDFLAGS)

LINK.cxx    = $(CXX) $(MY_CFLAGS) $(CXXFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS) $(LDFLAGS)

 

.PHONY: all objs tags ctags clean distclean help show

 

# Delete the default suffixes

.SUFFIXES:

 

all: $(PROGRAM)

 

# Rules for creating dependency files (.d).

#------------------------------------------

 

%.d:%.c

    @echo -n $(dir $<) > $@

    @$(DEPEND.d) $< >> $@

 

%.d:%.C

    @echo -n $(dir $<) > $@

    @$(DEPEND.d) $< >> $@

 

%.d:%.cc

    @echo -n $(dir $<) > $@

    @$(DEPEND.d) $< >> $@

 

%.d:%.cpp

    @echo -n $(dir $<) > $@

    @$(DEPEND.d) $< >> $@

 

%.d:%.CPP

    @echo -n $(dir $<) > $@

    @$(DEPEND.d) $< >> $@

 

%.d:%.c++

    @echo -n $(dir $<) > $@

    @$(DEPEND.d) $< >> $@

 

%.d:%.cp

    @echo -n $(dir $<) > $@

    @$(DEPEND.d) $< >> $@

 

%.d:%.cxx

    @echo -n $(dir $<) > $@

    @$(DEPEND.d) $< >> $@

 

# Rules for generating object files (.o).

#----------------------------------------

objs:$(OBJS)

 

%.o:%.c

    $(COMPILE.c) $< -o $@

 

%.o:%.C

    $(COMPILE.cxx) $< -o $@

 

%.o:%.cc

    $(COMPILE.cxx) $< -o $@

 

%.o:%.cpp

    $(COMPILE.cxx) $< -o $@

 

%.o:%.CPP

    $(COMPILE.cxx) $< -o $@

 

%.o:%.c++

    $(COMPILE.cxx) $< -o $@

 

%.o:%.cp

    $(COMPILE.cxx) $< -o $@

 

%.o:%.cxx

    $(COMPILE.cxx) $< -o $@

 

# Rules for generating the tags.

#-------------------------------------

tags: $(HEADERS) $(SOURCES)

    $(ETAGS) $(ETAGSFLAGS) $(HEADERS) $(SOURCES)

 

ctags: $(HEADERS) $(SOURCES)

    $(CTAGS) $(CTAGSFLAGS) $(HEADERS) $(SOURCES)

 

# Rules for generating the executable.

#-------------------------------------

$(PROGRAM):$(OBJS)

ifeq ($(SRC_CXX),)              # C program

    $(LINK.c)   $(OBJS) $(MY_LIBS) -o $@

    @echo Type ./$@ to execute the program.

else                            # C++ program

    $(LINK.cxx) $(OBJS) $(MY_LIBS) -o $@

    @echo Type ./$@ to execute the program.

endif

 

ifndef NODEP

ifneq ($(DEPS),)

  sinclude $(DEPS)

endif

endif

 

clean:

    $(RM) $(OBJS) $(PROGRAM) $(PROGRAM).exe

 

distclean: clean

    $(RM) $(DEPS) TAGS

 

# Show help.

help:

    @echo 'Generic Makefile for C/C++ Programs (gcmakefile) version 0.5'

    @echo 'Copyright (C) 2007, 2008 whyglinux <whyglinux@hotmail.com>'

    @echo

    @echo 'Usage: make [TARGET]'

    @echo 'TARGETS:'

    @echo '  all       (=make) compile and link.'

    @echo '  NODEP=yes make without generating dependencies.'

    @echo '  objs      compile only (no linking).'

    @echo '  tags      create tags for Emacs editor.'

    @echo '  ctags     create ctags for VI editor.'

    @echo '  clean     clean objects and the executable file.'

    @echo '  distclean clean objects, the executable and dependencies.'

    @echo '  show      show variables (for debug use only).'

    @echo '  help      print this message.'

    @echo

    @echo 'Report bugs to <whyglinux AT gmail DOT com>.'

 

# Show variables (for debug use only.)

show:

    @echo 'PROGRAM     :' $(PROGRAM)

    @echo 'SRCDIRS     :' $(SRCDIRS)

    @echo 'HEADERS     :' $(HEADERS)

    @echo 'SOURCES     :' $(SOURCES)

    @echo 'SRC_CXX     :' $(SRC_CXX)

    @echo 'OBJS        :' $(OBJS)

    @echo 'DEPS        :' $(DEPS)

    @echo 'DEPEND      :' $(DEPEND)

    @echo 'COMPILE.c   :' $(COMPILE.c)

    @echo 'COMPILE.cxx :' $(COMPILE.cxx)

    @echo 'link.c      :' $(LINK.c)

    @echo 'link.cxx    :' $(LINK.cxx)

 

## End of the Makefile ##  Suggestions are welcome  ## All rights reserved ##

##############################################################

 

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