Unix/Linux shell脚本中 “set -e” 的作用


Every script you write should include set -e at the top. This tells bash that it should exit the script if any statement returns a non-true return value. The benefit of using -e is that it prevents errors snowballing into serious issues when they could have been caught earlier. Again, for readability you may want to use set -o errexit.

你写的每个脚本都应该在文件开头加上set -e,这句语句告诉bash如果任何语句的执行结果不是true则应该退出。这样的好处是防止错误像滚雪球般变大导致一个致命的错误,而这些错误本应该在之前就被处理掉。如果要增加可读性,可以使用set -o errexit,它的作用与set -e相同。


Using -e gives you error checking for free. If you forget to check something, bash will do it for you. Unfortunately it means you can't check $? as bash will never get to the checking code if it isn't zero. There are other constructs you could use: