1095 Cars on Campus (30 分)

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Zhejiang University has 8 campuses(校区) and a lot of gates(大门). From each gate we can collect the in/out times and the plate(拍照) numbers of the cars crossing the gate. Now with all the information available, you are supposed to tell, at any specific time point, the number of cars parking on campus, and at the end of the day find the cars that have parked for the longest time period.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case starts with two positive integers N (≤10​4​​), the number of records, and K (≤8×10​4​​) the number of queries. Then N lines follow, each gives a record in the format:

plate_number hh:mm:ss status

where plate_number is a string of 7 English capital letters or 1-digit numbers; hh:mm:ss represents the time point in a day by hour:minute:second, with the earliest time being 00:00:00 and the latest 23:59:59; and status is either in or out.

Note that all times will be within a single day. Each in record is paired with the chronologically next record for the same car provided it is an out record. Any in records that are not paired with an out record are ignored, as are out records not paired with an in record. It is guaranteed that at least one car is well paired in the input, and no car is both in and out at the same moment. Times are recorded using a 24-hour clock.

Then K lines of queries follow, each gives a time point in the format hh:mm:ss. Note: the queries are given in ascending order of the times.

Output Specification:

For each query, output in a line the total number of cars parking on campus. The last line of output is supposed to give the plate number of the car that has parked for the longest time period, and the corresponding time length. If such a car is not unique, then output all of their plate numbers in a line in alphabetical order, separated by a space.

Sample Input:

16 7
JH007BD 18:00:01 in
ZD00001 11:30:08 out
DB8888A 13:00:00 out
ZA3Q625 23:59:50 out
ZA133CH 10:23:00 in
ZD00001 04:09:59 in
JH007BD 05:09:59 in
ZA3Q625 11:42:01 out
JH007BD 05:10:33 in
ZA3Q625 06:30:50 in
JH007BD 12:23:42 out
ZA3Q625 23:55:00 in
JH007BD 12:24:23 out
ZA133CH 17:11:22 out
JH007BD 18:07:01 out
DB8888A 06:30:50 in
05:10:00
06:30:50
11:00:00
12:23:42
14:00:00
18:00:00
23:59:00

Sample Output:

1
4
5
2
1
0
1
JH007BD ZD00001 07:20:09

参考代码:

#include<cstdio>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cstring>
#include<string>
#include<map>
using namespace std;

const int maxn = 10010;
struct Car
{
  char id[8];     //车牌
  int time;       //记录的时刻以s为单位
  char status[4]; //in或out
}all[maxn],vaild[maxn];//all为所有记录, vaild为有效记录

int num = 0; //有效记录条数
map<string, int> parkTime; //车牌号->总时间

int timeToint(int hh, int mm, int ss){
  return hh * 3600 + mm * 60 + ss;
}

bool cmpByIdAndTime(Car a, Car b){//先车牌按字典序排列,再按时间从小到大
  int s = strcmp(a.id, b.id);
  if(s) return s < 0;
  else return a.time < b.time;
}

bool cmpByTime(Car a, Car b){//按时间从小到大
  return a.time < b.time;
}

int main(int argc, char const *argv[])
{
  int n ,k ,hh, mm, ss;
  scanf("%d%d", &n, &k);     //记录数,查询数
  for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
    {
      scanf("%s %d:%d:%d %s", all[i].id, &hh, &mm, &ss, all[i].status);
      all[i].time = timeToint(hh, mm, ss);
    }  

    sort(all, all + n, cmpByIdAndTime);//按车牌号和时间排序

    int maxTime = -1; //总停留时间
    for (int i = 0; i < n - 1; ++i)
     {
       if( !strcmp(all[i].id, all[i + 1].id) && //i和i+1是同一辆车
        !strcmp(all[i].status, "in") && !strcmp(all[i + 1].status,"out")){//i记录是in,i+1是out
          vaild[num++] = all[i];
          vaild[num++] = all[i + 1];
          int inTime = all[i + 1].time - all[i].time;
          if(parkTime.count(all[i].id) == 0){//map.count(Key)返回值为1或者0,1返回存在,0返回不存在,返回的是布尔类型的值
            parkTime[all[i].id] = 0;     //map中还没有这个车牌号置0
          } 
          parkTime[all[i].id] += inTime;                //  增加该车牌号的总停留时间
          maxTime = max(maxTime, parkTime[all[i].id]); //更新最大停留时间
       }
     } 

     sort(vaild, vaild + num, cmpByTime);//把有效记录按时间排序

     //now指向不超过当前查询时间的记录,numCar为当前校园内车辆
     int now = 0, numCar = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < k; ++i)
    {
      scanf("%d:%d:%d", &hh, &mm, &ss);
      int time = timeToint(hh, mm, ss);
      while(now < num && vaild[now].time <= time){
        if(!strcmp(vaild[now].status, "in")) numCar++;
        else numCar--;
        now++;
      }
      printf("%d\n", numCar);
    }

    map<string, int>::iterator it ;//遍历所有车牌号
    for (it = parkTime.begin(); it != parkTime.end() ; ++it)
    {
      if(it->second == maxTime){//输出所有最长总停留时间的车牌
        printf("%s ", it->first.c_str());//c_str()函数返回一个指向正规C字符串的指针常量, 内容与本string串相同. 
      }
    }
//输出最长总停留时间
printf("%02d:%02d:%02d\n", maxTime / 3600, maxTime % 3600 / 60, maxTime % 60);
  return 0;
}

 

 

 

pta cars on campus

12-17

我的程序不知道为什么总是运行时间超时,怎么改啊?rnpta上的OJ不能用STL只能用c写rn问题就是pta上的cars on campusrnZhejiang University has 8 campuses and a lot of gates. From each gate we canrncollect the in/out times and the plate numbers of the cars crossing the gate. Now withrnall the information available, you are supposed to tell, at any specific time point, thernnumber of cars parking on campus, and at the end of the day find the cars that havernparked for the longest time period.rnInput Specification:rnEach input file contains one test case. Each case starts with two positivernintegers N (≤104), the number of records, and K (≤8×104) the number of queries.rnThen N lines follow, each gives a record in the format:rnplate_number hh:mm:ss statusrnwhere plate_number is a string of 7 English capital letters or 1-digitrnnumbers; hh:mm:ss represents the time point in a day by hour:minute:second,rnwith the earliest time being 00:00:00 and the latest 23:59:59; and status isrneither in or out.rnNote that all times will be within a single day. Each in record is paired with thernchronologically next record for the same car provided it is an out record.rnAny in records that are not paired with an out record are ignored, asrnare out records not paired with an in record. It is guaranteed that at least one car isrnwell paired in the input, and no car is both in and out at the same moment. Timesrnare recorded using a 24-hour clock.rnThen K lines of queries follow, each gives a time point in the format hh:mm:ss.rnNote: the queries are given in accending order of the times.rnOutput Specification:rnFor each query, output in a line the total number of cars parking on campus. Thernlast line of output is supposed to give the plate number of the car that has parked forrnthe longest time period, and the corresponding time length. If such a car is not unique,rnthen output all of their plate numbers in a line in alphabetical order, separated by arnspace.rnrnrnrn[code=c]#include rn#include rn#include rn#define MaxRecord 10000rn#define MaxQuery 80000rnstruct recordsrn char plate_number[8]; //plate numbr of the carrn int time; //the intime or the outtime of the carrn int in; //in=1means it is a record of car coming in, in=0means it is a record of car going outrn int visit;rn;rnstruct records Records[MaxRecord],ValidRecords[MaxRecord]; //first struct array to record the input car info, second to record the valid recordrnrnstruct validrn char plate_number[8]; //plate number of the valid info of the carrn int park_time; //total paking time of the valid carrn; rnstruct valid Valid[MaxRecord]; //struct array to record the valid total parking time of carsrnrnint N; //number of records;rnint K; //number of queriesrnint size=0; //the size of struct array Validrnint k=0;rnint same_car[MaxRecord][MaxRecord]=0;rnchar* name[N];rn//declaration of functionrnint ToSecond(int hour, int minute, int second);rnint Find(char* pla_num);rnint cmp1(const void *a, const void *b );rnint cmp2(const void *a, const void *b );rnint cmp3(const void *a, const void *b );rnrnint main()rn scanf("%d",&N);rn scanf("%d",&K);rn int i, j,hour, minute, second, record,time,index,total,index2,m;rn char pla_num[8];rn char status[4];rn //read in the recordsrn for(i=0;i0)rn if(park_time==Valid[--index].park_time)rn name[index2++]=Valid[index].plate_number;rn rn qsort(name, index2, sizeof(char *), cmp3);rn rn for(i=0;i 论坛

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