获取手机通讯录

android 手机通讯录 专栏收录该内容
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首先是运行结果

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由于通讯录在手机里是以数据库贮存的 所以我们可以通过一个方法

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context.getContentResolver().query(Phone.CONTENT_URI,
                null , null , null , null );

来获得通讯录 ,这个方法返回一个游标的数据类型,通过moveToNext()方法来获取所有的手机号码信息

当然读取手机通讯录需要权限 在adnroidManifest文件中声明即可

由于我也实现了打电话的功能 所以也要声明权限

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<uses-permission android:name= "android.permission.READ_CONTACTS" >
<uses-permission android:name= "android.permission.CALL_PHONE" ></uses-permission></uses-permission>
布局文件

activity_main.xml

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<relativelayout xmlns:android= "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" xmlns:tools= "http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width= "match_parent" android:layout_height= "match_parent" >
 
     <listview android:id= "@+id/listView1" android:layout_width= "match_parent" android:layout_height= "wrap_content" >
     </listview>
 
</relativelayout>
listview的布局文件:item.xml,在这里我设置的头像为默认的 当然也可以在手机数据库中读取联系人的icon
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<!--{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%3Fxml%20version%3D% 221.0 % 22 %20encoding%3D%22utf- 8 % 22 %3F%2D%2D%3E-->
<relativelayout xmlns:android= "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:layout_width= "match_parent" android:layout_height= "match_parent" >
 
     <imageview android:id= "@+id/image" android:layout_width= "60dp" android:layout_height= "60dp" android:padding= "10dp" android:src= "@drawable/ic_launcher" >
 
     <textview android:id= "@+id/name" android:paddingtop= "10dp" android:layout_width= "fill_parent" android:layout_height= "wrap_content" android:layout_torightof= "@id/image" android:text= "name" >
 
     <textview android:id= "@+id/number" android:paddingtop= "5dp" android:layout_width= "fill_parent" android:layout_height= "wrap_content" android:layout_below= "@id/name" android:layout_torightof= "@id/image" android:text= "number" >
 
</textview></textview></imageview></relativelayout>

自己封装一个联系人信息的类 有两个变量

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package com.example.getphonenumber;
 
public class PhoneInfo {
     private String name;
     private String number;
     public PhoneInfo(String name, String number) {
         this .name = name;
         this .number = number;
     }
     public String getName() {
         return name;
     }
     public String getNumber() {
         return number;
     }
}

读取手机数据库中的通讯录

GetPhoneNumberFromMobile.class

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package com.example.getphonenumber;
 
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone;
 
public class GetPhoneNumberFromMobile {
     private List<phoneinfo> list;
 
     public List<phoneinfo> getPhoneNumberFromMobile(Context context) {
         // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
         list = new ArrayList<phoneinfo>();
         Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(Phone.CONTENT_URI,
                 null , null , null , null );
         //moveToNext方法返回的是一个boolean类型的数据
         while (cursor.moveToNext()) {
             //读取通讯录的姓名
             String name = cursor.getString(cursor
                     .getColumnIndex(Phone.DISPLAY_NAME));
             //读取通讯录的号码
             String number = cursor.getString(cursor
                     .getColumnIndex(Phone.NUMBER));
             PhoneInfo phoneInfo = new PhoneInfo(name, number);
             list.add(phoneInfo);
         }
         return list;
     }
}</phoneinfo></phoneinfo></phoneinfo>
自定义adapter
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package com.example.getphonenumber;
 
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.TextView;
 
public class MyAdapter extends BaseAdapter{
     private List<phoneinfo> list;
     private Context context;
     
     public MyAdapter(List<phoneinfo> list, Context context) {
         this .list = list;
         this .context = context;
     }
 
     @Override
     public int getCount() {
         // TODO Auto-generated method stub
         return list.size();
     }
 
     @Override
     public Object getItem( int position) {
         // TODO Auto-generated method stub
         return list.get(position);
     }
 
     @Override
     public long getItemId( int position) {
         // TODO Auto-generated method stub
         return position;
     }
 
     @Override
     public View getView( int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
         // TODO Auto-generated method stub
         if (convertView== null ){
             ViewHolder viewHolder= new ViewHolder();
             LayoutInflater inflater=LayoutInflater.from(context);
             convertView=inflater.inflate(R.layout.item, null );
             viewHolder.name=(TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.name);
             viewHolder.number=(TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.number);
             viewHolder.name.setText(list.get(position).getName());
             viewHolder.number.setText(list.get(position).getNumber());
         }
         return convertView;
     }
     public class ViewHolder{
         TextView name;
         TextView number;
     }
}</phoneinfo></phoneinfo>
MainActivity中listview加载适配器 并为其添加点击监听事件
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package com.example.getphonenumber;
 
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.Toast;
 
public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnItemClickListener {
     private ListView lv;
     private MyAdapter adapter;
     private GetPhoneNumberFromMobile getPhoneNumberFromMobile;
     private List<phoneinfo> list = new ArrayList<phoneinfo>();
 
     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
         super .onCreate(savedInstanceState);
         setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
         lv = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.listView1);
         getPhoneNumberFromMobile = new GetPhoneNumberFromMobile();
         list = getPhoneNumberFromMobile.getPhoneNumberFromMobile( this );
         adapter = new MyAdapter(list, this );
         lv.setAdapter(adapter);
         lv.setOnItemClickListener( this );
     }
 
     @Override
     public void onItemClick(AdapterView<!--?--> parent, View view, int position,
             long id) {
         // TODO Auto-generated method stub
         String number = list.get(position).getNumber();
         Intent intent = new Intent();
         intent.setAction( "android.intent.action.CALL" );
         intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_DEFAULT);
         intent.setData(Uri.parse( "tel:" +number));
         startActivity(intent);
     }
 
}</phoneinfo></phoneinfo>
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