赖世雄老师---不完全及物动词

赖世雄基础英语语法 专栏收录该内容
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不完全及物动词—主谓宾宾补

补语为名词或形容词

1.make
He make a kite.(制造)
He made Marry clean the window.(使)

2.使役动词

①让…make/have+do
I make/have him wash the car.
I have John report to me.

get+to do 叫…
I get him to wash the car

只有make有被动,被叫…注意变不定式
He was made to wash the car
②let 让…
I let him wash the car.

let+宾语+作副词的介词(介副词)—in/out/down
He let me in. 绝不能使He let me here/there.(X)
He let me out.
His preformance let me down.

介副词也和地点副词一样,可做Be后的表语
He is in. He is at home.
He is out.
He is here/there.

③带感情色彩让某人干某事
强迫/怂恿/要求/催促/希望/勾引…
force/compell,ask,encourage,told,push,seduce,entice,expect,want
I forced him to recite the lesson.
I asked him to write the letter.
变被动仍用不定式
He was asked to write the letter.

④使…成为
make+宾语+形容词/名词
His teacher made him a good student.
The trip made him happy.

2.知觉动词

看:look at,watch,see, notice,observe
听:hear,listen to
感觉:feel
可做及物/非及物动词

表进行状态:
I saw him dancing when I walked in.
表被动:
I saw him killed.
I heard the door closed.
变被动,只需变成不定式
He was seen to be killed.

3.任命动词

elect, assign, appoint
We elected him chairman of the committee.

4.认定动词

视…为,其后加名词或形容词
We | regard | him as a genius.
| look upon |
| think of |
| see |
| view |
I mistook the long-haired boy for a girl.

We | deem | him to be genius.
| think | to be nice
| consider |
to be 可省略
①一般介词后接名词型词
I am sick of associating with him.

但表‘视…为’与as/for 连用,可接名词/形容词
I regard him behavior as inappropriate.
John works hard, so I take it for granted that he will be successful someday.

②find,deem,believe,think,consider作不完全及物动词时,不可以直接接不定式作宾语。用it作形式宾语
+it +补语+to do
I think it fun to climp mountains.
I believe it worthwhile to study hard.
亦可用作完全及物动词
I believe(that) it is worthwhile to study hard.
I think it is fun to climp mountains.

③make表使…成为…,不能直接+to do
make+it+补语+to do
He make it a rule to get up early.
Hard work made it possible for him to win the honor.
④find,deem,believe,think,consider接名词从句时,也要使用形式宾语
I find it necessary that he should work hard.

5.转变动词

change/turn…into…使…变成…
The experience change him into a good student.

6.授予动词

give/lend/bought/ask/sell/sold
间接宾语+直接宾语
I give a you this book.
I bought him a car.

间接宾语和直接宾语可倒置
①表‘给与’用to
I give him a book.
=I give a book to him.
I told him the story.
=I told the story to him.
②表‘代劳’用for
I gave a book for him.
强调我只是跑腿买书。
I made him a chair.
=I made a chair for him.
③‘从…中’用of
I asked him a queation.
=I asked a question of him.
凡表‘要求’都是此用法,但不可像ask一样表间接宾语放前
I did not expect much of him.
He required nothing of me.
He demanded little of me.

7.与of连用的授予动词
注意:of后表东西,of前对象/人
He robbed me of my money.
The count deprive him of all his civil rights.
=He was deprived of all his civil rights.剥夺权利

relieve 解除职务指挥权等
The captain relieved the platon leader of his command.

rid 解除摆脱
I cannot rid myself of the painful memory.
=I cannot get rid of the painful memory.
get rid of 表动作
be rid of 表状态

I will get rid of those chores.
I am glad to be rid of those chores.

break 戒除
You should break youself of the bad habit of smoking.
=You should break the bad habit of smoking.

cure治愈
The doctor cured him of his disease.
=The doctor cured his disease.

’提供’的授予动词 offer, provide, supply, furnish, present
除offer外,其余和with连用
He offed me all I needed.
=He offed all I needed to me
He presented all I needed to me.
He provided me with all I needed.
=He provided all I needed for me.

offer+to do =be willing to表愿意,主动提供
=be willing to
After he heared of my situation, he offed to help me.
He present me with a watch.
=He present a watch to me.

‘给与’的概念与to连用,但***explain, express, introduce, propose,recommend***,等动词不论直接宾语和间接宾语是否倒置,均用to

He explained the reason to me.
=He explained to me the reason.(少用)

He introuce the girl to me.
He proposed a motion to the committee.

其他重要 i.vt.
They set him free.
I painted the door green.
The sight struck him dump.
The baby cried itself to sleep.
His assistance will render success certain.
The misfortune nearly drove him mad.
They named the baby Tom.
They called him a liar.
Don’t leave the door open.
You must keep you teeth clean.
I want the job done no later than five.
Help me (to)find the watch.

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