SpringContextHolder获取bean

工具类常设置为静态static方法,因而不能使用@Autowired注入,但可以通过SpringContextHolder获得所需对象

SpringContextHolder工具类

package com.jamelLi.distributed.session.util;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.DisposableBean;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextAware;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Lazy;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

/**
 * @ClassName SpringContextHolder
 * @Description: 以静态变量保存Spring ApplicationContext, 可在任何代码任何地方任何时候取出ApplicaitonContext
 * @Auther: Jamel.Li
 * @Date: 2019/1/11 21:15
 * @version: 1.0
 */
@Service
@Lazy(false)
public class SpringContextHolder implements ApplicationContextAware, DisposableBean {

    private static ApplicationContext applicationContext = null;

    /**
     * 实现ApplicationContextAware接口, 注入Context到静态变量中.
     */
    @Override
    public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext appContext) {
        applicationContext = appContext;
    }


    /**
     * 取得存储在静态变量中的ApplicationContext.
     */
    public static ApplicationContext getApplicationContext() {
        checkApplicationContext();
        return applicationContext;
    }

    /**
     * 从静态变量applicationContext中取得Bean, 自动转型为所赋值对象的类型.
     */
    public static <T> T getBean(String name) {
        checkApplicationContext();
        return (T) applicationContext.getBean(name);
    }


    /**
     * 从静态变量applicationContext中取得Bean, 自动转型为所赋值对象的类型.
     */
    public static <T> T getBean(Class<T> requiredType) {
        checkApplicationContext();
        return applicationContext.getBean(requiredType);
    }

    /**
     * 清除SpringContextHolder中的ApplicationContext为Null.
     */
    public static void clearHolder() {
        applicationContext = null;
    }

    /**
     * 实现DisposableBean接口, 在Context关闭时清理静态变量.
     */
    @Override
    public void destroy(){
        SpringContextHolder.clearHolder();
    }

    private static void checkApplicationContext() {
        if (applicationContext == null) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("applicaitonContext未注入,请在applicationContext.xml中定义SpringContextHolder");
        }
    }

}

//示例调用代码代码
EmailService emailService = SpringContextHolder.getBean(EmailService.class);

EmailService emailService = (EmailService)SpringContextHolder.getBean(emailService);


springContextHolder就能够使用到getbean方法是因为其继承了ApplicationContextAware。通过它Spring容器会自动把上下文环境对象调用ApplicationContextAware接口中的setApplicationContext方法。

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