OpenGL之——摄像机(二)自由移动,简易3D漫游

主要代码:

main.cpp

#include <iostream>

// GLEW
#define GLEW_STATIC
#include <GL/glew.h>

// GLFW
#include <GLFW/glfw3.h>
// Other Libs
#include <SOIL.h>
#include <GL/glut.h>
// GLM Mathematics
#include <glm/glm.hpp>
#include <glm/gtc/matrix_transform.hpp>
#include <glm/gtc/type_ptr.hpp>

#pragma comment(lib,"glew32s.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"glfw3.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"SOIL.lib")
// Other includes
#include "Shader.h"

using namespace std;


// Function prototypes
void key_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int key, int scancode, int action, int mode);

// Window dimensions
const GLuint WIDTH = 800, HEIGHT = 600;
// Function prototypes
void key_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int key, int scancode, int action, int mode);
void do_movement();
// Camera
glm::vec3 cameraPos = glm::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, 3.0f);
glm::vec3 cameraFront = glm::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
glm::vec3 cameraUp = glm::vec3(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
bool keys[1024];
// The MAIN function, from here we start the application and run the game loop
int main()
{
	// Init GLFW
	glfwInit();
	// Set all the required options for GLFW
	glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MAJOR, 3);
	glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MINOR, 3);
	glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_PROFILE, GLFW_OPENGL_CORE_PROFILE);
	glfwWindowHint(GLFW_RESIZABLE, GL_FALSE);

	// Create a GLFWwindow object that we can use for GLFW's functions
	GLFWwindow* window = glfwCreateWindow(WIDTH, HEIGHT, "LearnOpenGL", nullptr, nullptr);
	glfwMakeContextCurrent(window);

	// Set the required callback functions
	glfwSetKeyCallback(window, key_callback);

	// Set this to true so GLEW knows to use a modern approach to retrieving function pointers and extensions
	glewExperimental = GL_TRUE;
	// Initialize GLEW to setup the OpenGL Function pointers
	glewInit();

	// Define the viewport dimensions
	glViewport(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT);


	// Build and compile our shader program
	Shader ourShader("vertex.vs", "fragment.frag");


	// Set up vertex data (and buffer(s)) and attribute pointers
	float vertices[] = {
	-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
	 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
	-0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
	-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,

	-0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
	 0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
	-0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
	-0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,

	-0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
	-0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
	-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
	-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
	-0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
	-0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,

	 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,

	-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
	 0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
	-0.5f, -0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
	-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,

	-0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  1.0f, 1.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
	 0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  1.0f, 0.0f,
	-0.5f,  0.5f,  0.5f,  0.0f, 0.0f,
	-0.5f,  0.5f, -0.5f,  0.0f, 1.0f
	};
	glm::vec3 cubePositions[] = {
		glm::vec3(0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f),
		glm::vec3(2.0f,  5.0f, -15.0f),
		glm::vec3(-1.5f, -2.2f, -2.5f),
		glm::vec3(-3.8f, -2.0f, -12.3f),
		glm::vec3(2.4f, -0.4f, -3.5f),
		glm::vec3(-1.7f,  3.0f, -7.5f),
		glm::vec3(1.3f, -2.0f, -2.5f),
		glm::vec3(1.5f,  2.0f, -2.5f),
		glm::vec3(1.5f,  0.2f, -1.5f),
		glm::vec3(-1.3f,  1.0f, -1.5f)
	};

	GLuint VBO, VAO;
	glGenVertexArrays(1, &VAO);
	glGenBuffers(1, &VBO);

	glBindVertexArray(VAO);

	glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, VBO);
	glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(vertices), vertices, GL_STATIC_DRAW);

	// Position attribute
	glVertexAttribPointer(0, 3, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 5 * sizeof(GLfloat), (GLvoid*)0);
	glEnableVertexAttribArray(0);
	// TexCoord attribute
	glVertexAttribPointer(2, 2, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 5 * sizeof(GLfloat), (GLvoid*)(3 * sizeof(GLfloat)));
	glEnableVertexAttribArray(2);

	glBindVertexArray(0); // Unbind VAO


	// Load and create a texture 
	GLuint texture1;
	GLuint texture2;
	// ====================
	// Texture 1
	// ====================
	glGenTextures(1, &texture1);
	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture1); // All upcoming GL_TEXTURE_2D operations now have effect on our texture object
	// Set our texture parameters
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL_REPEAT);	// Set texture wrapping to GL_REPEAT
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL_REPEAT);
	// Set texture filtering
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
	// Load, create texture and generate mipmaps
	int width, height;
	unsigned char* image = SOIL_load_image("box.jpg", &width, &height, 0, SOIL_LOAD_RGB);
	glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGB, width, height, 0, GL_RGB, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, image);
	glGenerateMipmap(GL_TEXTURE_2D);
	SOIL_free_image_data(image);
	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0); // Unbind texture when done, so we won't accidentily mess up our texture.
	// ===================
	// Texture 2
	// ===================
	glGenTextures(1, &texture2);
	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture2);
	// Set our texture parameters
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL_REPEAT);
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL_REPEAT);
	// Set texture filtering
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
	glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
	// Load, create texture and generate mipmaps
	image = SOIL_load_image("face.png", &width, &height, 0, SOIL_LOAD_RGB);
	glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGB, width, height, 0, GL_RGB, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, image);
	glGenerateMipmap(GL_TEXTURE_2D);
	SOIL_free_image_data(image);
	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0);


	glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);

	// Game loop
	while (!glfwWindowShouldClose(window))
	{
		// Check if any events have been activiated (key pressed, mouse moved etc.) and call corresponding response functions
		glfwPollEvents();
		do_movement();
		// Render
		// Clear the colorbuffer
		glClearColor(0.2f, 0.3f, 0.3f, 1.0f);
		glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);


		// Bind Textures using texture units
		glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE0);
		glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture1);
		glUniform1i(glGetUniformLocation(ourShader.Program, "ourTexture1"), 0);
		glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE1);
		glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture2);
		glUniform1i(glGetUniformLocation(ourShader.Program, "ourTexture2"), 1);

		// Activate shader
		ourShader.Use();

		// Camera/View transformation
		glm::mat4 view;
		GLfloat radius = 10.0f;
		GLfloat camX = sin(glfwGetTime()) * radius;
		GLfloat camZ = cos(glfwGetTime()) * radius;
		view = glm::lookAt(glm::vec3(camX, 0.0f, camZ), glm::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f), glm::vec3(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f));
		// Camera/View transformation
		view = glm::lookAt(cameraPos, cameraPos + cameraFront, cameraUp);
		// Projection 
		glm::mat4 projection;
		projection = glm::perspective(45.0f, (GLfloat)WIDTH / (GLfloat)HEIGHT, 0.1f, 100.0f);
		// Get the uniform locations
		GLint modelLoc = glGetUniformLocation(ourShader.Program, "model");
		GLint viewLoc = glGetUniformLocation(ourShader.Program, "view");
		GLint projLoc = glGetUniformLocation(ourShader.Program, "projection");
		// Pass the matrices to the shader
		glUniformMatrix4fv(viewLoc, 1, GL_FALSE, glm::value_ptr(view));
		glUniformMatrix4fv(projLoc, 1, GL_FALSE, glm::value_ptr(projection));

		glBindVertexArray(VAO);
		for (GLuint i = 0; i < 10; i++)
		{
			// Calculate the model matrix for each object and pass it to shader before drawing
			glm::mat4 model;
			model = glm::translate(model, cubePositions[i]);
			GLfloat angle = 52.1f * glfwGetTime();
			model = glm::rotate(model, angle, glm::vec3(1.0f, 0.3f, 0.5f));
			glUniformMatrix4fv(modelLoc, 1, GL_FALSE, glm::value_ptr(model));

			glDrawArrays(GL_TRIANGLES, 0, 36);
		}
		glBindVertexArray(0);

		// Swap the screen buffers
		glfwSwapBuffers(window);
	}
	// Properly de-allocate all resources once they've outlived their purpose
	glDeleteVertexArrays(1, &VAO);
	glDeleteBuffers(1, &VBO);
	// Terminate GLFW, clearing any resources allocated by GLFW.
	glfwTerminate();
	return 0;
}

// Is called whenever a key is pressed/released via GLFW
void key_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int key, int scancode, int action, int mode)
{
	if (key == GLFW_KEY_ESCAPE && action == GLFW_PRESS)
		glfwSetWindowShouldClose(window, GL_TRUE);
	if (key >= 0 && key < 1024)
	{
		if (action == GLFW_PRESS)
			keys[key] = true;
		else if (action == GLFW_RELEASE)
			keys[key] = false;
	}
}

void do_movement()
{
	// Camera controls
	GLfloat cameraSpeed = 0.01f;
	if (keys[GLFW_KEY_W])
		cameraPos += cameraSpeed * cameraFront;
	if (keys[GLFW_KEY_S])
		cameraPos -= cameraSpeed * cameraFront;
	if (keys[GLFW_KEY_A])
		cameraPos -= glm::normalize(glm::cross(cameraFront, cameraUp)) * cameraSpeed;
	if (keys[GLFW_KEY_D])
		cameraPos += glm::normalize(glm::cross(cameraFront, cameraUp)) * cameraSpeed;
}

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