Shell- shell脚本的小应用范例

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_35550345/article/details/86507022

1 expr 对整型变量进行算术运算

+ 加       \* 乘         % 取模       - 减      / 除                                    注意:符号两边必须有空格

例如:vim  test.sh                    //计算水仙花数

      #!/bin/bash

      a=100

      while   [  $a   -lt    1000  ]

      do

      x=`expr  $a  /  100`

      z=`expr  &a  %  100`

      b=`expr  &a  /   10`

      y=`expr  &b  %  10`

      q=`expr  $x  \*  $x  \*  $x`

      w=`expr  $y  \*  $y   \*  $y`

      e=`expr  $z  \*  $z   \*  $z`

      let  r=$q+$w+$e

      if  [ $a  -eq  $r ]

      then

      ehco  $a

      let  a=$a+1

else

let  a=$a+1

fi

done

2 一键配置本地yum源

#!/bin/bash

echo  “Creating  yum …Please  Wait…”

mkdir  /mnt/cdrom                            //没有挂载点,要创建

mount  /dev/sr0  /mnt/cdrom   >  /dev/dull   2>&1

mkdir    /etc/yum.repos.d/save

mv   /etc/yum.repos.d/C*   /etc/yum.repos.d/save

echo  “[iso]”  >>  /ect/yum.repos.d/my.repo

ehco  “name=xxx”  >>  /ect/yum.repos.d/my.repo

echo  “baseurl=file:///mnt/cdrom”  >> /ect/yum.repos.d/my.repo

echo  “enabled=1”  >>  /ect/yum.repos.d/my.repo

echo  “gpgcheck=0”  >> /ect/yum.repos.d/my.repo

yum  makecache | grep Metadata

echo  “All  done,thanks  for  use this  program!”

3 使用Case语句配置本地yum源

#!/bin/bash

while true

do

echo "########## menu ##########"

echo "##this is a menu for yum##"

echo "1)check the cdrom mounted or not"

echo "2)mount the cdrom"

echo "3)create the repo file"

echo "4)install the software"

echo "5)remove the software"

echo "6)quit this menu"

echo "please input your choice:"

read a

case $a in

1)echo "checking the cdrom mounted or not . . ."

b=`df|grep sr0|wc -l`

if [ $b -eq 1 ]

then

echo "the cdrom has been mounted"

c=`df|grep sr0|awk '{print $6}'`

echo "the mountpoint is $c"

else

echo "the cdrom doesn't mounted"

fi;;

2)echo "please input the directory where U want to mount:"

read  d

echo "now mounting . . ."

if [ -d $d ]

then

mount /dev/sr0 $d & > /dev/null

echo "the cdrom has been mounted on $d"

else

mkdir -p $d

mount /dev/sr0 $d > /dev/null

echo "the cdrom has been mounted on $d"

fi;;

3)echo "please input the repo file's name:"

read  e

rm -rf /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo

touch /etc/yum.repos.d/$e.repo

echo "please input the repo's name:"

read  f

echo "[$f]" >> /etc/yum.repos.d/$e.repo

echo "name=$f" >> /etc/yum.repos.d/$e.repo

f=`df|grep sr0|awk '{print $6}'`

echo "baseurl=file://$f" >> /etc/yum.repos.d/$e.repo

echo "enabled=0" >> /etc/yum.repos.d/$e.repo

echo "gpgcheck=0" >> /etc/yum.repos.d/$e.repo

echo "the repo file has been created!";;

4)echo "please input which software U want to install:"

read  g

echo "installing . . ."

a=`cat /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo|grep name|awk -F "=" '{print $2}'`

yum  makecache &> /dev/null

yum --enablerepo=$a install $g -y &> /dev/null

echo "the $f has been installed";;

5)echo "please input which software U want to remove:"

read  h

echo "eraser the software . . ."

yum remove $h -y &> /dev/null

echo "the $h has been removed";;

6)break;;

*)echo "Hey,buddy.Can‘t U input the correct number?!";;

esac

done

4 查看光盘是否挂载

#!/bin/bash

echo "##############this is a script for mount the cdrom#############"

a=`df|grep sr0|wc -l`

if [ $a -eq 1 ]

then

echo "the cdrom has been mounted,that's ok,big brother"

else

echo "the cdrom doesn't mounted"

mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom

echo "big brother,I have gua le na ge guang pan,don't thanks me,my name is LeiFeng"

fi

5 磁盘检查

#!/bin/bash

date "+20%y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S" >> /tmp/disk.log

df -h | tail -n +2 > /tmp/disk.tmp

while read a                //一行一行读取,读的是done<的文件

do

b=`echo $a | awk '{print $5}'`

b2=${b%%%*}                 //%%是表示删除右侧的%*,*代表%后面的所有东西

if [ $b2 -ge 70 ];

then

echo $a |awk '{print $1,$4,$5,$6}' >> /tmp/disk.log

fi

done < /tmp/disk.tmp

echo " " >> /tmp/disk.log

rm -rf /tmp/disk.tmp

6 对变量的值进行截取

x=abc123

y=${x%%1*}:%%表示删除右侧的指定字符,此时y=abc

z=${x##*c}:##表示删除左侧的指定字符,此时z=123

echo $y

echo $z

7 抓取以空格结尾的行

df |grep part\ $

8 计算1+2+3+……+100

#!/bin/bash                               

a=1                                      

sum=1                                   

while [  $a  -lt  10  ]                     

do                                       

let  a=$a+1                              

let  sum=$sum+$a                        

done                                    

echo  $sum                             

9 计算100!

#!/bin/bash

a=1

sum=1

while  [  $a  -lt  10  ]

do

let  a=$a+1

sum=`expr  $sum   \*   $a`

done

echo  $sum


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