2018美赛E题中参考文献Modeling Environmenal Security in Sub-Sharan Africa – ProQuest.

ABSTRACT

Many conflicts are enabled by environmental instability . This has been especially problematical in sub-Saharan Africa where non-sustainable practices and environmental change have combined with the proliferation of failing governments, enabling longstanding ethnic and religious antagonisms to erupt into violent conflicts . History has demonstrated that environmental stress can result in conflict, frequently along ethnic lines . Thus, the concept of environmental security has emerged as one basis for understanding conflict . To that end, this paper examines the nexus between the environment and conflict and demonstrates the need for careful environmental analysis by presenting a model illustrating the relationship between natural resources and political stability in Sub-Saharan Africa . The results suggest that a statistically significant relationship exists between arable land and access to fresh water, and political stability and non-violence . Key Words: ethnic conflict, environmental security, military geography, resource scarcity, Rwanda

文摘

许多冲突是由环境不稳定造成的。在撒哈拉以南的非洲,这种情况尤其成问题,因为在这些地区,不可持续的做法和环境变化与失败政府的扩散相结合,使长期存在的种族和宗教敌对情绪爆发为暴力冲突。历史证明,环境压力可能会导致冲突,往往是种族冲突。因此,环境安全的概念已成为理解冲突的一个基础。为此,本文研究了环境与冲突之间的关系,并通过提出一种说明撒哈拉以南非洲的自然资源与政治稳定之间关系的模型,论证了谨慎的环境分析的必要性。研究结果表明,耕地与获得淡水、政治稳定和非暴力之间存在着统计上显著的关系。

关键词:民族冲突,环境安全,军事地理,资源稀缺,卢旺达。

文件链接:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256362008_Modeling_Environmental_Security_in_Sub-Saharan_Africa


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