Ubuntu更改源及kali更新注意点

方法一:

查找软件与更新,选择对应的源即可。

方法二:

国内有很多Ubuntu的镜像源,包括阿里的、网易的,还有很多教育网的源,比如:清华源、中科大源。
我们这里以中科大的源为例讲解如何修改Ubuntu 18.04里面默认的源。
编辑/etc/apt/sources.list文件, 在文件最前面添加以下条目(操作前请做好相应备份):

##中科大源

deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

然后执行命令:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

 

一、添加更新源

leafpad /etc/apt/sources.list

  

二、国内更新源

复制代码

#auto
deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib

#中科大
deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib

#浙大
deb http://mirrors.zju.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free
deb-src http://mirrors.zju.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free

#东软大学
deb http://mirrors.neusoft.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling/main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.neusoft.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling/main non-free contrib

#重庆大学
deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
deb-src http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib

#官方源
#deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
#deb-src http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib

复制代码

 

三、更新

添加密钥认证(似乎只对中科大的源有效)
apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 7D8D0BF6

apt-get clean && apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y && apt-get dist-upgrade -y 

#linux内核更新
apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r)

 

拓展

apt-get clean    //清除缓存索引
apt-get update    //更新索引文件
apt-get upgrade    //更新实际的软件包文件
apt-get dist-upgrade    //根据依赖关系更新

 

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