SSM框架整合后页面跳转

一个简单的案例学习页面跳转
新建类,使用注解声明为 Controller
设置请求路径 RequestMapping

/**
 * 页面跳转
 * @author WangLiping
 */
@Controller
@RequestMapping("/")
public class LinkController {
    /**
     * 跳转首页
     * @return
     * @author WangLiping
     */
    @RequestMapping(value="index")
    public String toIndex(){
        return "page/index";
    }
}
今天接触SSM框架的第四天,后台Mybatis生成dao、entity和mapper后,测试成功,能够正常读写数据库了,但是,在加入页面之后,通过controller不能实现页面跳转,特求助~~ 访问情况: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201811/27/1543304296_872148.png) 点击跳转后, ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201811/27/1543304328_484707.png) 出现404的错误,个人认为,可能是没有找到controller 代码: messageController.java ``` @Controller public class messageController { @RequestMapping("/message/go") public String gotest(){ return "second"; } } ``` index.jsp ``` <%@page contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" language="java" %> <html> <head> <title>首页</title> </head> <body> <h2>Hello World!</h2> <a href="/message/go">点击跳转</a> <p id="test">Hello World!</p> <button type="button" onclick="selectUser()">onclick test</button> </body> </html> ``` reach.jsp ``` <%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %> <html> <head> <title>跳到这里了</title> </head> <body> 跳转成功!!! </body> </html> ``` 文件路径: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201811/27/1543304458_62372.png) SpringMVC的配置 ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:beans="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.3.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.3.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.3.xsd"> <!-- ①:top.xiaofeng包中的所有类进行扫描,以完成Bean创建和自动依赖注入的功能 --> <context:component-scan base-package="top.xiaofeng"/> <mvc:annotation-driven/> <!-- 静态资源访问 --> <!--如果webapp下你新建了文件夹,想访问里面的静态资源,那么就要在这配置一下--> <mvc:resources location="/img/" mapping="/img/**"/> <mvc:resources location="/css/" mapping="/css/**"/> <mvc:resources location="/js/" mapping="/js/**"/> <!-- ②:启动Spring MVC的注解功能,完成请求和注解POJO的映射 --> <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter"> <property name="messageConverters"> <list> <ref bean="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter"/> </list> </property> </bean> <bean id="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter"> <property name="supportedMediaTypes"> <list> <value>application/json;charset=UTF-8</value> </list> </property> </bean> <!-- 配置视图解析器,把控制器的逻辑视频映射为真正的视图 --> <!-- /WEB-INF/views/second.jsp --> <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver"> <property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView"/> <property name="prefix" value="/views/"/> <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/> </bean> <!-- 拦截器 --> <mvc:interceptors> <!-- 国际化操作拦截器 如果采用基于(请求/Session/Cookie)则必需配置 --> <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.i18n.LocaleChangeInterceptor"/> </mvc:interceptors> <!-- 定义无Controller的path<->view直接映射 --> <!-- <mvc:view-controller path="/" view-name="redirect:/" /> --> </beans> ``` web.xml配置 ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" version="3.0"> <display-name>mydemo</display-name> <!-- 配置编码方式--> <filter> <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name> <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class> <init-param> <param-name>encoding</param-name> <param-value>UTF-8</param-value> </init-param> <init-param> <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name> <param-value>true</param-value> </init-param> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </filter-mapping> <!-- 配置springmvc的前端控制器 指向spring-mvc.xml 程序在启动的时候就加载springmvc 可以接受所有请求 load-on-startup:表示启动容器时初始化该Servlet; --> <servlet> <servlet-name>springServlet</servlet-name> <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class> <!-- 可以自定义servlet.xml配置文件的位置和名称, 默认为WEB-INF目录下,名称为[<servlet-name>]-servlet.xml,如spring-servlet.xml --> <init-param> <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name> <param-value>classpath:spring/spring-mvc.xml</param-value> </init-param> <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup> </servlet> <!-- 将前端URL请求和后台处理方法controller建立对应关系--> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>springServlet</servlet-name> <url-pattern>/</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> <!-- 取消对某一类文件的拦截--> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>default</servlet-name> <url-pattern>*.md</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> <!-- Spring配置 --> <listener> <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class> </listener> <context-param> <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name> <param-value>classpath:spring/applicationContext.xml</param-value> </context-param> <!-- 欢迎页面--> <welcome-file-list> <welcome-file>/index.jsp</welcome-file> </welcome-file-list> <!--<!–404错误展示页面–>--> <!--<error-page>--> <!--<error-code>404</error-code>--> <!--<location>/404.jsp</location>--> <!--</error-page>--> <!--设置session失效时间为30分钟 --> <session-config> <session-timeout>600</session-timeout> </session-config> </web-app> ```
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