华为交换机配置

shutdown-hnow;关机

init0;关机

logout;用户注销

login;用户登录

ifconfig;显示IP地址

ifconfigeth0netmask;设置IP地址

ifconfigeht0netmaskdown;禁用IP地址

routeadd0.0.0.0gw;设置网关

routedel0.0.0.0gw;删除网关

routeadddefaultgw;设置网关

routedeldefaultgw;删除网关

route;显示网关

ping;发ECHO包

telnet;远程登录

华为路由器交换机配置命令:交换机命令 
[Quidway]discur;显示当前配置 
[Quidway]displaycurrent-configuration;显示当前配置 
[Quidway]displayinterfaces;显示接口信息 
[Quidway]displayvlanall;显示路由信息 
[Quidway]displayversion;显示版本信息 
[Quidway]superpasswo 
rd;修改特权用户密码 
[Quidway]sysname;交换机命名 
[Quidway]interfaceethernet0/1;进入接口视图 
[Quidway]interfacevlanx;进入接口视图 
[Quidway-Vlan-interfacex]ipaddress10.65.1.1255.255.0.0;配置VLAN的IP地址 
[Quidway]iproute-static0.0.0.00.0.0.010.65.1.2;静态路由=网关 
[Quidway]rip;三层交换支持 
[Quidway]local-userftp 
[Quidway]user-interfacevty04;进入虚拟终端 
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]authentication-modepassword;设置口令模式 
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]setauthentication-modepasswordsimple222;设置口令 
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]userprivilegelevel3;用户级别 
[Quidway]interfaceethernet0/1;进入端口模式 
[Quidway]inte0/1;进入端口模式 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]duplex{half|full|auto};配置端口工作状态 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]speed{10|100|auto};配置端口工作速率 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]flow-control;配置端口流控 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]mdi{across|auto|normal};配置端口平接扭接 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]portlink-type{trunk|access|hybrid};设置端口工作模式 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]portaccessvlan3;当前端口加入到VLAN 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]porttrunkpermitvlan{ID|All};设trunk允许的VLAN 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/3]porttrunkpvidvlan3;设置trunk端口的PVID 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]undoshutdown;激活端口 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]shutdown;关闭端口 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]quit;返回 
[Quidway]vlan3;创建VLAN 
[Quidway-vlan3]portethernet0/1;在VLAN中增加端口 
[Quidway-vlan3]porte0/1;简写方式 
[Quidway-vlan3]portethernet0/1toethernet0/4;在VLAN中增加端口 
[Quidway-vlan3]porte0/1toe0/4;简写方式 
[Quidway]monitor-port;指定镜像端口 
[Quidway]portmirror;指定被镜像端口 
[Quidway]portmirrorint_listobserving-portint_typeint_num;指定镜像和被镜像 
[Quidway]descriptionstring;指定VLAN描述字符 
[Quidway]description;删除VLAN描述字符 
[Quidway]displayvlan[vlan_id];查看VLAN设置 
[Quidway]stp{enable|disable};设置生成树,默认关闭 
[Quidway]stppriority4096;设置交换机的优先级 
[Quidway]stproot{primary|secondary};设置为根或根的备份 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]stpcost200;设置交换机端口的花费 
[Quidway]link-aggregatione0/1toe0/4ingress|both;端口的聚合 
[Quidway]undolink-aggregatione0/1|all;始端口为通道号 
[SwitchA-vlanx]isolate-user-vlanenable;设置主vlan 
[SwitchA]isolate-user-vlansecondary;设置主vlan包括的子vlan 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]porthybridpvidvlan;设置vlan的pvid 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]porthybridpvid;删除vlan的pvid 
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]porthybridvlanvlan_id_listuntagged;设置无标识的vlan 
如果包的vlanid与PVId一致,则去掉vlan信息.默认PVID=1。 
所以设置PVID为所属vlanid,设置可以互通的vlan为untagged.

华为路由器交换机配置命令:路由器命令 
[Quidway]displayversion;显示版本信息 
[Quidway]displaycurrent-configuration;显示当前配置 
[Quidway]displayinterfaces;显示接口信息 
[Quidway]displayiproute;显示路由信息 
[Quidway]sysnameaabbcc;更改主机名 
[Quidway]superpasswrod123456;设置口令 
[Quidway]interfaceserial0;进入接口 
[Quidway-serial0]ipaddress;配置端口IP地址 
[Quidway-serial0]undoshutdown;激活端口 
[Quidway]link-protocolhdlc;绑定hdlc协议 
[Quidway]user-interfacevty04 
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]authentication-modepassword 
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]setauthentication-modepasswordsimple222 
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]userprivilegelevel3 
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]quit 
[Quidway]debugginghdlcallserial0;显示所有信息 
[Quidway]debugginghdlceventserial0;调试事件信息 
[Quidway]debugginghdlcpacketserial0;显示包的信息

华为路由器交换机配置命令:静态路由: 
[Quidway]iproute-static{interfacenumber|nexthop}[value][reject|blackhole] 
例如:[Quidway]iproute-static129.1.0.01610.0.0.2 
[Quidway]iproute-static129.1.0.0255.255.0.010.0.0.2 
[Quidway]iproute-static129.1.0.016Serial2 
[Quidway]iproute-static0.0.0.00.0.0.010.0.0.2

华为路由器交换机配置命令:动态路由: 
[Quidway]rip;设置动态路由 
[Quidway]ripwork;设置工作允许 
[Quidway]ripinput;设置入口允许 
[Quidway]ripoutput;设置出口允许 
[Quidway-rip]network1.0.0.0;设置交换路由网络 
[Quidway-rip]networkall;设置与所有网络交换 
[Quidway-rip]peerip-address; 
[Quidway-rip]summary;路由聚合 
[Quidway]ripversion1;设置工作在版本1 
[Quidway]ripversion2multicast;设版本2,多播方式 
[Quidway-Ethernet0]ripsplit-horizon;水平分隔 
[Quidway]routeridA.B.C.D;配置路由器的ID 
[Quidway]ospfenable;启动OSPF协议 
[Quidway-ospf]import-routedirect;引入直联路由 
[Quidway-Serial0]ospfenablearea;配置OSPF区域

华为路由器交换机配置命令:标准访问列表命令格式如下: 
acl[match-orderconfig|auto];默认前者顺序匹配。 
rule[normal|special]{permit|deny}[sourcesource-addrsource-wildcard|any] 
例:[Quidway]acl10 
[Quidway-acl-10]rulenormalpermitsource10.0.0.00.0.0.255 
[Quidway-acl-10]rulenormaldenysourceany

华为路由器交换机配置命令:扩展访问控制列表配置命令 
配置TCP/UDP协议的扩展访问列表: 
rule{normal|special}{permit|deny}{tcp|udp}source{|any}destination|any} 
[operate] 
配置ICMP协议的扩展访问列表: 
rule{normal|special}{permit|deny}icmpsource{|any]destination{|any] 
[icmp-code][logging]

华为路由器交换机配置命令:扩展访问控制列表操作符的含义 
equalportnumber;等于 
greater-thanportnumber;大于 
less-thanportnumber;小于 
not-equalportnumber;不等 
rangeportnumber1portnumber2;区间

华为路由器交换机配置命令:扩展访问控制列表举例 
[Quidway]acl101 
[Quidway-acl-101]ruledenysouceanydestinationany 
[Quidway-acl-101]rulepermiticmpsourceanydestinationanyicmp-typeecho 
[Quidway-acl-101]rulepermiticmpsourceanydestinationanyicmp-typeecho-reply 
[Quidway]acl102 
[Quidway-acl-102]rulepermitipsource10.0.0.10.0.0.0destination202.0.0.10.0.0.0 
[Quidway-acl-102]ruledenyipsourceanydestinationany 
[Quidway]acl103 
[Quidway-acl-103]rulepermittcpsourceanydestination10.0.0.10.0.0.0destination-portequalftp 
[Quidway-acl-103]rulepermittcpsourceanydestination10.0.0.20.0.0.0destination-portequalwww 
[Quidway]firewallenable 
[Quidway]firewalldefaultpermit|deny 
[Quidway]inte0 
[Quidway-Ethernet0]firewallpacket-filter101inbound|outbound

华为路由器交换机配置命令:地址转换配置举例 
[Quidway]firewallenable 
[Quidway]firewalldefaultpermit 
[Quidway]acl101;内部指定主机可以进入e0 
[Quidway-acl-101]ruledenyipsourceanydestinationany 
[Quidway-acl-101]rulepermitipsource129.38.1.10destinationany 
[Quidway-acl-101]rulepermitipsource129.38.1.20destinationany 
[Quidway-acl-101]rulepermitipsource129.38.1.30destinationany 
[Quidway-acl-101]rulepermitipsource129.38.1.40destinationany 
[Quidway-acl-101]quit 
[Quidway]inte0 
[Quidway-Ethernet0]firewallpacket-filter101inbound 
[Quidway]acl102;外部特定主机和大于1024端口的数据包允许进入S0 
[Quidway-acl-102]ruledenyipsourceanydestinationany 
[Quidway-acl-102]rulepermittcpsource202.39.2.30destination202.38.160.10 
[Quidway-acl-102]rulepermittcpsourceanydestination202.38.160.10destination-portgreat-than 
1024 
[Quidway-acl-102]quit 
[Quidway]ints0 
[Quidway-Serial0]firewallpacket-filter102inbound;设202.38.160.1是路由器出口IP。 
[Quidway-Serial0]natoutbound101interface;是Easyip,将acl101允许的IP从本接口出时变换源地址。

华为路由器交换机配置命令:内部服务器地址转换配置命令(静态nat): 
natserverglobal[port]insideport[protocol];global_port不写时使用inside_port 
[Quidway-Serial0]natserverglobal202.38.160.1inside129.38.1.1ftptcp 
[Quidway-Serial0]natserverglobal202.38.160.1inside129.38.1.2telnettcp 
[Quidway-Serial0]natserverglobal202.38.160.1inside129.38.1.3wwwtcp 
设有公网IP:202.38.160.101~202.38.160.103可以使用。;对外访问(原例题) 
[Quidway]nataddress-group202.38.160.101202.38.160.103pool1;建立地址池 
[Quidway]acl1 
[Quidway-acl-1]rulepermitsource10.110.10.00.0.0.255;指定允许的内部网络 
[Quidway-acl-1]ruledenysourceany 
[Quidway-acl-1]intserial0 
[Quidway-Serial0]natoutbound1address-grouppool1;在s0口从地址池取出IP对外访问 
[Quidway-Serial0]natserverglobal202.38.160.101inside10.110.10.1ftptcp 
[Quidway-Serial0]natserverglobal202.38.160.102inside10.110.10.2wwwtcp 
[Quidway-Serial0]natserverglobal202.38.160.1028080inside10.110.10.3wwwtcp 
[Quidway-Serial0]natserverglobal202.38.160.103inside10.110.10.4smtpudp 
华为路由器交换机配置命令:PPP设置:[Quidway-s0]link-protocolppp;默认的协议

华为路由器交换机配置命令:PPP验证: 
主验方:pap|chap 
[Quidway]local-userq2password{simple|cipher}hello;路由器1 
[Quidway]interfaceserial0 
[Quidway-serial0]pppauthentication-mode{pap|chap} 
[Quidway-serial0]pppchapuserq1;pap时,没有此句

华为路由交换机配置命令:pap被验方: 
[Quidway]interfaceserial0;路由器2 
[Quidway-serial0]ppppaplocal-userq2password{simple|cipher}hello

华为路由器交换机配置命令:chap被验方: 
[Quidway]interfaceserial0;路由器2 
[Quidway-serial0]pppchapuserq2;自己路由器名 
[Quidway-serial0]local-userq1password{simple|cipher}hello;对方路由器名 
帧中继frame-relay(二分册6-61) 
[q1]frswitching 
[q1]ints1 
[q1-Serial1]ipaddress192.168.34.51255.255.255.0 
[q1-Serial1]link-protocolfr;封装帧中继协议 
[q1-Serial1]frinterface-typedce 
[q1-Serial1]frdlci100 
[q1-Serial1]frinarp 
[q1-Serial1]frmapip192.168.34.52dlci100 
[q2]ints1 
[q2-Serial1]ipaddress192.168.34.52255.255.255.0 
[q2-Serial1]link-protocolfr 
[q2-Serial1]frinterface-typedte 
[q2-Serial1]frdlci100 
[q2-Serial1]frinarp 
[q2-Serial1]frmapip192.168.34.51dlci100

华为路由器交换机配置命令:帧中继监测 
[q1]displayfrlmi-info[]interfacetypenumber] 
[q1]displayfrmap 
[q1]displayfrpvc-info[serialinterface-number][dlcidlci-number] 
[q1]displayfrdlci-switch 
[q1]displayfrinterface 
[q1]resetfrinarp-info 
[q1]debuggingfrall[interfacetypenumber] 
[q1]debuggingfrarp[interfacetypenumber] 
[q1]debuggingfrevent[interfacetypenumber] 
[q1]debuggingfrlmi[interfacetypenumber]

华为路由器交换机配置命令:启动ftp服务: 
[Quidway]local-userftppassword{simple|cipher}aaaservice-typeftp 
[Quidway]ftpserverenable

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