Python3:定时发送邮件(带附件)

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1、 导入模块

import os
import datetime  #定时发送,以及日期
import shutil  #文件操作
import smtplib  #邮件模块
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.header import Header
import time
import xlwt  #excel写入

2、写入EXCEL

def eWrite(fLocate,file_sheet,file_subject,style0):
    try:
        if os.path.exists(fLocate):
            os.remove(fLocate)   # 如果文件存在,则删除
        f = xlwt.Workbook(encoding='utf-8')    #打开excel文件
        fs = f.add_sheet(file_sheet)    #sheet名
        subject = list(file_subject)    #列表化
        for i in range(len(subject)):  #找到日期列
            if '日期' in subject[i]:
                col_num=i
        for i in range(len(subject)):  #sheet标题
            fs.write(0, i, subject[i])

        for i in range(10): #单元格宽度为
            fs.col(i).width=3333

        print("WRITE FINISHED")
        f.save(fLocate)
    except :
        print ("WRITE FAILED")

3、 发送邮件

def eSend(sender,receiver,username,password,smtpserver,subject,e_content,file_path,file_name):
    try:
#邮件头
       message = MIMEMultipart()
       message['From'] = sender#发送
       message['To'] = ",".join(receiver)#收件
       message['Subject'] = Header(subject, 'utf-8')
       message.attach(MIMEText(e_content, 'plain', 'utf-8'))# 邮件正文

# 构造附件
       att1 = MIMEText(open(file_path+file_name,'rb').read(), 'base64', 'utf-8')
       att1["Content-Type"] = 'application/octet-stream'
       att1["Content-Disposition"] = "attachment;filename="+file_name
       message.attach(att1)

#执行
       smtp = smtplib.SMTP()
       smtp.connect(smtpserver) #连接服务器
       smtp.login(username, password) #登录
       smtp.sendmail(sender, receiver, message.as_string())  #发送
       smtp.quit()
       print("SEND")
    except:
       print("SEND FAILED")

4、配置与执行

while True:
#配置
    #__time_____
    ehour=11#定时小时
    emin=49#定时分钟
    esec=50#定时秒
    current_time = time.localtime(time.time())      #当前时间date
    cur_time = time.strftime('%H%M', time.localtime(time.time()))             #当前时间str
    #__mysql_____

    #__email_____
    sender = ''  # 发件人邮箱
    receiver = ['453032441@qq.com']  # 收件人邮箱,可以多个(列表形式)群发
    username = ''  # 发件人姓名
    password = ''  # smtp密码,qq是给你分配一串,163是自己设置
    smtpserver = ''  # 邮箱服务器

    subject = "Hey,here's something interesting"      #邮件标题
    e_content = '{0:^27}\n{1:^27}\n{2:^25}\n{3:^25}'.format('i','/   \\','(-----)','(--------)')   #邮件正文
    #__file_____
    file_path = "D:/"    #文件位置
    file_name="shit.xls"    #文件名
    fLocate = file_path + file_name     #文件路径
    file_subject='I', 'MISS', 'U' #sheet标题
    file_sheet='ok'  #sheet名
    style0=xlwt.XFStyle()
    style0.num_format_str='YYYY-MM-DD'
#操作
    if ((current_time.tm_hour == ehour) and (current_time.tm_min == emin) and (current_time.tm_sec == esec)):
        print ("START")
        eWrite(fLocate, file_sheet, file_subject,style0)
        eSend(sender, receiver, username, password, smtpserver, subject, e_content, file_path,file_name)
        print(cur_time)
    time.sleep(1)
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