Android学习-第9天

今天任务为启动activity以及activity之间的传递,详细代码如下:

AndroidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.bignerdranch.android.geoquiz">

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".QuizActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        <activity android:name=".CheatActivity"></activity>
    </application>

</manifest>


QuizActivity.java

package com.bignerdranch.android.geoquiz;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class QuizActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private static final String KEY_INDEX="index";
    private static final String TAG="QuizActivity";
    private static final int REQUEST_CODE_CHEAT=0;
    private Button mTrueButton;
    private Button mFalseButton;
    private Button mNextButton;
    private Button mCheatButton;
    private TextView mQuestionTextView;

    private Question[] mQuestionBank=new Question[] {
            new Question(R.string.question_australia,true),
            new Question(R.string.question_oceans,true),
            new Question(R.string.question_mideast,false),
            new Question(R.string.question_africa,false),
            new Question(R.string.question_americas,true),
            new Question(R.string.question_asia,true)
    };
    private int mCurrentIndex=0;
    private boolean mIsCheater;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        Log.d(TAG,"onCreate(Bundle) called");
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_quiz);

        if (savedInstanceState!=null){
            mCurrentIndex=savedInstanceState.getInt(KEY_INDEX,0);
        }
        mQuestionTextView=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.question_text_view);
        //int question=mQuestionBank[mCurrentIndex].getTextResId();
        //mQuestionTextView.setText(question);
        mTrueButton=(Button) findViewById(R.id.true_button);
        mTrueButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener(){
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //Toast.makeText(QuizActivity.this, R.string.correct_toast, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                checkAnswer(true);
                //Does nothing yet,but soon!
            }
        });
        mFalseButton=(Button) findViewById(R.id.false_button);
        mFalseButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //Toast.makeText(QuizActivity.this, R.string.incorrect_toast, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                checkAnswer(false);
                //Does nothing yet,but soon!
            }
        });
        mNextButton=(Button)findViewById(R.id.next_button);
        mNextButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                mCurrentIndex=(mCurrentIndex+1)%mQuestionBank.length;
                mIsCheater=false;
                //int question=mQuestionBank[mCurrentIndex].getTextResId();
                //mQuestionTextView.setText(question);
                updateQuestion();
            }
        });

        mCheatButton=(Button)findViewById(R.id.cheat_button);
        mCheatButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                //Start CheatActivity
                //Intent intent=new Intent(QuizActivity.this,CheatActivity.class);
                boolean answerIsTure=mQuestionBank[mCurrentIndex].isAnswerTrue();
                Intent intent=CheatActivity.newIntent(QuizActivity.this,answerIsTure);
                //startActivity(intent);
                startActivityForResult(intent,REQUEST_CODE_CHEAT);
            }
        });
        updateQuestion();
    }

    @Override
    protected void  onActivityResult(int requestCode,int resultCode,Intent data){
        if (resultCode!= Activity.RESULT_OK){
            return;
        }
        if(requestCode==REQUEST_CODE_CHEAT){
            if (data==null){
                return;
            }
            mIsCheater=CheatActivity.wasAnswerShown(data);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void  onStart(){
        super.onStart();
        Log.d(TAG,"onStart() called");
    }

    @Override
    protected void  onResume(){
        super.onResume();
        Log.d(TAG,"onResume() called");
    }

    @Override
    protected void  onPause(){
        super.onPause();
        Log.d(TAG,"onPause() called");
    }

    @Override
    public void onSaveInstanceState(Bundle savedInstanceState){
        super.onSaveInstanceState(savedInstanceState);
        Log.i(TAG,"onSaveInstanceState");
        savedInstanceState.putInt(KEY_INDEX,mCurrentIndex);
    }
    @Override
    protected void  onStop(){
        super.onStop();
        Log.d(TAG,"onStop() called");
    }

    @Override
    protected void  onDestroy(){
        super.onDestroy();
        Log.d(TAG,"onDestroy() called");
    }

    private void updateQuestion(){
        int question=mQuestionBank[mCurrentIndex].getTextResId();
        mQuestionTextView.setText(question);
    }
    private void checkAnswer(boolean userPressedTrue){
        boolean answerIsTrue=mQuestionBank[mCurrentIndex].isAnswerTrue();
        int messageResId=0;
        if (mIsCheater){
            messageResId=R.string.judgment_toast;
        }else {
            if (userPressedTrue == answerIsTrue) {
                messageResId = R.string.correct_toast;
            } else {
                messageResId = R.string.incorrect_toast;
            }
        }
        Toast.makeText(this,messageResId,Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                .show();
    }
}

CheatActivity.java

package com.bignerdranch.android.geoquiz;

import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class CheatActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private static final String EXTRA_ANSWER_IS_TRUE="com.bignerdranch.android.geoquiz.answer_is_true";
    private static final String EXTRA_ANSWER_SHOW="com.bignerdranch.android.geoquiz.answer_shown";
    private boolean mAnswerIsTrue;
    private TextView mAnswerTextView;
    private Button mShowAnswerButton;
    public static Intent newIntent(Context packageContext,boolean answerIsTrue) {
        Intent intent=new Intent(packageContext,CheatActivity.class);
        intent.putExtra(EXTRA_ANSWER_IS_TRUE,answerIsTrue);
        return intent;
    }

    public static boolean wasAnswerShown(Intent result){
        return result.getBooleanExtra(EXTRA_ANSWER_SHOW,false);
    }
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_cheat);

        mAnswerIsTrue=getIntent().getBooleanExtra(EXTRA_ANSWER_IS_TRUE,false);
        mAnswerTextView=(TextView)findViewById(R.id.answer_text_view);
        mShowAnswerButton=(Button)findViewById(R.id.show_answer_button);
        mShowAnswerButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                if(mAnswerIsTrue){
                    mAnswerTextView.setText(R.string.true_button);
                }else{
                    mAnswerTextView.setText(R.string.false_button);
                }
            }
        });
    }

    private void setAnswerShwonResult(boolean isAnswerShown){
        Intent data=new Intent();
        data.putExtra(EXTRA_ANSWER_SHOW,isAnswerShown);
        setResult(RESULT_OK,data);
    }
}

截图如下:




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