HDOJ1051木棒问题（贪心算法）

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HDOJ1051木棒问题（贪心算法）

2.两个for循环筛掉下一根木棒比上一根木棒轻的（重的就通过了，不重启，标记此木棒-1，代表已经用过），并且用sum标记重启次数

Problem Description

There is a pile of n wooden sticks. The length and weight of each stick are known in advance. The sticks are to be processed by a woodworking machine in one by one fashion. It needs some time, called setup time, for the machine to prepare processing a stick. The setup times are associated with cleaning operations and changing tools and shapes in the machine. The setup times of the woodworking machine are given as follows:

(a) The setup time for the first wooden stick is 1 minute.
(b) Right after processing a stick of length l and weight w , the machine will need no setup time for a stick of length l’ and weight w’ if l<=l’ and w<=w’. Otherwise, it will need 1 minute for setup.

You are to find the minimum setup time to process a given pile of n wooden sticks. For example, if you have five sticks whose pairs of length and weight are (4,9), (5,2), (2,1), (3,5), and (1,4), then the minimum setup time should be 2 minutes since there is a sequence of pairs (1,4), (3,5), (4,9), (2,1), (5,2).

Input

The input consists of T test cases. The number of test cases (T) is given in the first line of the input file. Each test case consists of two lines: The first line has an integer n , 1<=n<=5000, that represents the number of wooden sticks in the test case, and the second line contains n 2 positive integers l1, w1, l2, w2, …, ln, wn, each of magnitude at most 10000 , where li and wi are the length and weight of the i th wooden stick, respectively. The 2n integers are delimited by one or more spaces.

Output

The output should contain the minimum setup time in minutes, one per line.

Sample Input

3
5
4 9 5 2 2 1 3 5 1 4
3
2 2 1 1 2 2
3
1 3 2 2 3 1



Sample Output

2
1
3


2.两个for循环筛掉下一根木棒比上一根木棒轻的（重的就通过了，不重启，标记此木棒-1，代表已经用过），并且用sum标记重启次数

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
#include <math.h>
using namespace std;
/* run this program using the console pauser or add your own getch, system("pause") or input loop */
struct wo {
int l;
int w;
};
bool comp(wo a,wo b ) {      //将木棒排序，排序按照l从大到小。若l一致，就比较w
if(a.l!=b.l) return a.l<b.l;
else return a.w<b.w;
}

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
int t,n,l,w;
wo wood[5005];
cin>>t;
getchar();
while(t--) {
cin>>n;
getchar();
int i=0;
for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
cin>>wood[i].l>>wood[i].w;
}
sort(wood,wood+n,comp);    //按照cmp的方式排序
int min,sum=0;

for(int j=0;j<n;j++){
if(wood[j].w!=-1){    	//wood[i].w==-1代表此条木棒已经用过了
min=wood[j].w;
sum++;
for(int k=j+1;k<n;k++){
if(wood[k].w>=min&&wood[k].w!=-1){
min=wood[k].w;
wood[k].w=-1;
}
}
}
}

cout<<sum<<endl;

}

return 0;
}
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