# PAT 1054. 求平均值

7
5 -3.2 aaa 9999 2.3.4 7.123 2.35


ERROR: aaa is not a legal number
ERROR: 9999 is not a legal number
ERROR: 2.3.4 is not a legal number
ERROR: 7.123 is not a legal number
The average of 3 numbers is 1.38


2
aaa -9999


ERROR: aaa is not a legal number
ERROR: -9999 is not a legal number
The average of 0 numbers is Undefined    
#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <string.h>
using namespace std;
int main() {
int n, cnt = 0;
char a[50], b[50];
double temp, sum = 0.0;
cin >> n;
for(int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
scanf("%s", a);
sscanf(a, "%lf", &temp);
sprintf(b, "%.2lf",temp);
int flag = 0;
for(int j = 0; j < strlen(a); j++) {
if(a[j] != b[j]) flag = 1;
}
if(flag || temp < -1000 || temp > 1000) {
printf("ERROR: %s is not a legal number\n", a);
continue;
} else {
sum += temp;
cnt++;
}
}
if(cnt == 1) {
printf("The average of 1 number is %.2lf", sum);
} else if(cnt > 1) {
printf("The average of %d numbers is %.2lf", cnt, sum / cnt);
} else {
printf("The average of 0 numbers is Undefined");
}
return 0;
}
数字转字符串，使用sprintf(char数组名，类型，数字变量名)
字符串转数字，使用sscanf()函数
sprintf（） sscanf（）用法http://www.cnblogs.com/Elaine-DWL/p/6402762.html

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