F - Prime Path(POJ 3126) (bfs+打表)

Time limit                1000 ms           Memory                limit65536 kB

The ministers of the cabinet were quite upset by the message from the Chief of Security stating that they would all have to change the four-digit room numbers on their offices. 
— It is a matter of security to change such things every now and then, to keep the enemy in the dark. 
— But look, I have chosen my number 1033 for good reasons. I am the Prime minister, you know! 
— I know, so therefore your new number 8179 is also a prime. You will just have to paste four new digits over the four old ones on your office door. 
— No, it’s not that simple. Suppose that I change the first digit to an 8, then the number will read 8033 which is not a prime! 
— I see, being the prime minister you cannot stand having a non-prime number on your door even for a few seconds. 
— Correct! So I must invent a scheme for going from 1033 to 8179 by a path of prime numbers where only one digit is changed from one prime to the next prime. 

Now, the minister of finance, who had been eavesdropping, intervened. 
— No unnecessary expenditure, please! I happen to know that the price of a digit is one pound. 
— Hmm, in that case I need a computer program to minimize the cost. You don't know some very cheap software gurus, do you? 
— In fact, I do. You see, there is this programming contest going on... Help the prime minister to find the cheapest prime path between any two given four-digit primes! The first digit must be nonzero, of course. Here is a solution in the case above. 

1033 
1733 
3733 
3739 
3779 
8779 
8179

The cost of this solution is 6 pounds. Note that the digit 1 which got pasted over in step 2 can not be reused in the last step – a new 1 must be purchased.

Input

One line with a positive number: the number of test cases (at most 100). Then for each test case, one line with two numbers separated by a blank. Both numbers are four-digit primes (without leading zeros).

Output

One line for each case, either with a number stating the minimal cost or containing the word Impossible.

Sample Input

3
1033 8179
1373 8017
1033 1033

Sample Output

6
7
0

bfs+队列,分别从各位,十位,百位,千位搜索,素数打表……

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int prim[10005]={0};
int step[10005];
bool vis[10005];
int m,n;
queue<int>Q;
void f()
{
    for(int i=1001;i<10000;i+=2)
    {
        int flag=1;
        for(int j=2;j*j<=i;j++)
        {
            if(i%j==0)
            {
                flag=0;
                break;
            }
        }
        if(flag) prim[i]=1;
    }
}
void bfs()
{
    int head,next;
    Q.push(m);
    vis[m]=true;
    step[m]=0;
    while(!Q.empty())
    {
        head=Q.front();
        Q.pop();
        if(head==n)
        {
            printf("%d\n",step[head]);
            return ;
        }
        for(int i=1;i<=9;i+=2)//个位
        {
            next=head/10*10+i;
            if(next!=head&&!vis[next]&&prim[next])
            {
                vis[next]=true;
                Q.push(next);
                step[next]=step[head]+1;
            }
        }
        for(int i=0;i<=9;i++)//十位
        {
            next=head/100*100+i*10+head%10;
            if(next!=head&&!vis[next]&&prim[next])
            {
                vis[next]=true;
                Q.push(next);
                step[next]=step[head]+1;
            }
        }
        for(int i=0;i<=9;i++)//百位
        {
            next=head/1000*1000+i*100+head%100;
            if(next!=head&&!vis[next]&&prim[next])
            {
                vis[next]=true;
                Q.push(next);
                step[next]=step[head]+1;
            }
        }
        for(int i=1;i<=9;i++)//千位
        {
            next=i*1000+head%1000;
            if(next!=head&&!vis[next]&&prim[next])
            {
                vis[next]=true;
                Q.push(next);
                step[next]=step[head]+1;
            }
        }
    }
    printf("Impossible!\n");
    return ;
}
int main()
{
    f();
    int t;
    scanf("%d",&t);
    while(t--)
    {
        scanf("%d%d",&m,&n);
        if(m==n)
        {
            printf("0\n");
            continue;
        }
        while(!Q.empty()) Q.pop();
        memset(step,0,sizeof(step));
        memset(vis,false,sizeof(vis));
        bfs();
    }
    return 0;
}
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_41061455/article/details/80348802
文章标签: bfs 打表
个人分类: ACM之BFS专题
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