【爬虫】爬取豆瓣音乐信息

import requests
from lxml import etree
import re
import pymongo
import time

client = pymongo.MongoClient('localhost', 27017)
mydb = client['mydb']
musictop = mydb['musictop']

headers = {
    'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/55.0.2883.87 Safari/537.36'
}

def get_url_music(url):
    html = requests.get(url,headers=headers)
    selector = etree.HTML(html.text)
    music_hrefs = selector.xpath('//a[@class="nbg"]/@href')
    for music_href in music_hrefs:
        get_music_info(music_href)

def get_music_info(url):
    html = requests.get(url,headers=headers)
    selector = etree.HTML(html.text)
    name = selector.xpath('//*[@id="wrapper"]/h1/span/text()')[0]
    # author = selector.xpath('//*[@id="info"]/span[1]/span/a/text()')
    author = re.findall('表演者:.*?>(.*?)</a>',html.text,re.S)[0]
    styles = re.findall('<span class="pl">流派:</span>&nbsp;(.*?)<br />',html.text,re.S)
    if len(styles) == 0:
        style = '未知'
    else:
        style = styles[0].strip()
    time = re.findall('发行时间:</span>&nbsp;(.*?)<br />',html.text,re.S)[0].strip()
    publishers = re.findall('出版者:.*?>(.*?)</a>',html.text,re.S)
    if len(publishers) == 0:
        publisher = '未知'
    else:
        publisher = publishers[0].strip()
    score = selector.xpath('//*[@id="interest_sectl"]/div/div[2]/strong/text()')[0]
    print(name,author,style,time,publisher,score)
    info = {
        'name':name,
        'author':author,
        'style':style,
        'time':time,
        'publisher':publisher,
        'score':score
    }
    musictop.insert_one(info)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    urls = ['https://music.douban.com/top250?start={}'.format(str(i)) for i in range(0,250,25)]
    for url in urls:
        get_url_music(url)
        time.sleep(2)

 

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