源码篇:Python 实战案例----银行系统

import time
import random
import pickle
import os


class Card(object):
    def __init__(self, cardId, cardPasswd, cardMoney):
        self.cardId = cardId
        self.cardPasswd = cardPasswd
        self.cardMony = cardMoney
        self.cardLock = False  # 后面到了锁卡的时候需要有个卡的状态


class User(object):
    def __init__(self, name, idCard, phone, card):
        self.name = name
        self.idCard = idCard
        self.phone = phone
        self.card = card


class Admin(object):
    admin = "1"
    passwd = "1"

    def printAdminView(self):
        print("****************************************************")
        print("*                                                  *")
        print("*                                                  *")
        print("*               欢迎登陆银行                       *")
        print("*                                                  *")
        print("*                                                  *")
        print("****************************************************")

    def printSysFunctionView(self):
        print("****************************************************")
        print("*         开户(1)            查询(2)            *")
        print("*         取款(3)            存款(4)            *")
        print("*         转账(5)            改密(6)            *")
        print("*         锁定(7)            解锁(8)            *")
        print("*         补卡(9)            销户(0)            *")
        print("*                    退出(q)                     *")
        print("****************************************************")

    def adminOption(self):
        inputAdmin = input("请输入管理员账号:")
        if self.admin != inputAdmin:
            print("输入账号有误!")
            return -1
        inputPasswd = input("请输入管理员密码:")
        if self.passwd != inputPasswd:
            print("密码输入有误!")
            return -1

        # 能执行到这里说明账号密码正确
        print("操作成功,请稍后······")
        time.sleep(2)
        return 0

    def ban(self, allUsers):
        for key in allUsers:
            print("账号:" + key + "\n" + "姓名:" + allUsers[key].name + "\n" + "身份证号:" + allUsers[key].idCard + "\n" + "电话号码:" + allUsers[
                key].phone + "\n" + "银行卡密码:" + allUsers[key].card.cardPasswd + "\n")


class ATM(object):
    def __init__(self, allUsers):
        self.allUsers = allUsers # 用户字典

    # 开户
    def creatUser(self):
        # 目标:向用户字典中添加一对键值对(卡号->用户)
        name = input("请输入您的名字:")
        idCard = input("请输入您的身份证号:")
        phone = input("请输入您的电话号码:")
        prestoreMoney = int(input("请输入预存款金额:"))
        if prestoreMoney < 0:
            print("预存款输入有误!开户失败")
            return -1

        onePasswd = input("请设置密码:")
        # 验证密码
        if not self.checkPasswd(onePasswd):
            print("输入密码错误,开户失败!")
            return -1

        # 生成银行卡号
        cardStr = self.randomCardId()
        card = Card(cardStr, onePasswd, prestoreMoney)

        user = User(name, idCard, phone, card)
        # 存到字典
        self.allUsers[cardStr] = user
        print("开户成功!请记住卡号:" + cardStr)

    # 查询
    def searchUserInfo(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在,查询失败!")
            return -1
        # 判断是否锁定
        if user.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            return -1

        # 验证密码
        if not self.checkPasswd(user.card.cardPasswd):
            print("密码输入有误,该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            user.card.cardLock = True
            return -1
        print("账号:%s   余额:%d" % (user.card.cardId, user.card.cardMony))

    # 取款
    def getMoney(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在,取款失败!")
            return -1
        # 判断是否锁定
        if user.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            return -1

        # 验证密码
        if not self.checkPasswd(user.card.cardPasswd):
            print("密码输入有误,该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            user.card.cardLock = True
            return -1

        # 开始取款
        amount = int(input("验证成功!请输入取款金额:"))
        if amount > user.card.cardMony:
            print("取款金额有误,取款失败!")
            return -1
        if amount < 0:
            print("取款金额有误,取款失败!")
            return -1
        user.card.cardMony -= amount
        print("您取款%d元,余额为%d元!" % (amount, user.card.cardMony))

    # 存款
    def saveMoney(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在,存款失败!")
            return -1
        # 判断是否锁定
        if user.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            return -1

        # 验证密码
        if not self.checkPasswd(user.card.cardPasswd):
            print("密码输入有误,该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            user.card.cardLock = True
            return -1

        # 开始存款
        amount = int(input("验证成功!请输入存款金额:"))
        if amount < 0:
            print("存款金额有误,存款失败!")
            return -1
        user.card.cardMony += amount
        print("您存款%d元,最新余额为%d元!" % (amount, user.card.cardMony))

    # 转账
    def transferMoney(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在,转账失败!")
            return -1
        # 判断是否锁定
        if user.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            return -1

        # 验证密码
        if not self.checkPasswd(user.card.cardPasswd):
            print("密码输入有误,该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            user.card.cardLock = True
            return -1

        # 开始转账
        amount = int(input("验证成功!请输入转账金额:"))
        if amount > user.card.cardMony or amount < 0:
            print("金额有误,转账失败!")
            return -1

        newcard = input("请输入转入账户:")
        newuser = self.allUsers.get(newcard)
        if not newuser:
            print("该卡号不存在,转账失败!")
            return -1
        # 判断是否锁定
        if newuser.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            return -1
        user.card.cardMony -= amount
        newuser.card.cardMony += amount
        time.sleep(1)
        print("转账成功,请稍后···")
        time.sleep(1)
        print("转账金额%d元,余额为%d元!" % (amount, user.card.cardMony))

    # 改密
    def changePasswd(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在,改密失败!")
            return -1
        # 判断是否锁定
        if user.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            return -1

        # 验证密码
        if not self.checkPasswd(user.card.cardPasswd):
            print("密码输入有误,该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            user.card.cardLock = True
            return -1
        print("正在验证,请稍等···")
        time.sleep(1)
        print("验证成功!")
        time.sleep(1)

        # 开始改密
        newPasswd = input("请输入新密码:")
        if not self.checkPasswd(newPasswd):
            print("密码错误,改密失败!")
            return -1
        user.card.cardPasswd = newPasswd
        print("改密成功!请稍后!")

    # 锁定
    def lockUser(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在,锁定失败!")
            return -1
        if user.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡已被锁定,请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            return -1
        if not self.checkPasswd(user.card.cardPasswd):
            print("密码输入有误,锁定失败!")
            return -1
        tempIdCard = input("请输入您的身份证号码:")
        if tempIdCard != user.idCard:
            print("身份证号输入有误,锁定失败!")
            return -1
        # 锁定
        user.card.cardLock = True
        print("锁定成功!")


    # 解锁
    def unlockUser(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在,解锁失败!")
            return -1
        if not user.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡未被锁定,无需解锁!")
            return -1
        if not self.checkPasswd(user.card.cardPasswd):
            print("密码输入有误,解锁失败!")
            return -1
        tempIdCard = input("请输入您的身份证号码:")
        if tempIdCard != user.idCard:
            print("身份证号输入有误,解锁失败!")
            return -1
        # 解锁
        user.card.cardLock = False
        print("解锁成功!")

    # 补卡
    def newCard(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在!")
            return -1
        tempname = input("请输入您的姓名:")
        tempidcard = input("请输入您的身份证号码:")
        tempphone = input("请输入您的手机号码:")
        if tempname != self.allUsers[cardNum].name\
                or tempidcard != self.allUsers.idCard\
                or tempphone != self.allUsers.phone:
            print("信息有误,补卡失败!")
            return -1
        newPasswd = input("请输入您的新密码:")
        if not self.checkPasswd(newPasswd):
            print("密码错误,补卡失败!")
            return -1
        self.allUsers.card.cardPasswd = newPasswd
        time.sleep(1)
        print("补卡成功,请牢记您的新密码!")

    # 销户
    def killUser(self):
        cardNum = input("请输入您的卡号:")
        # 验证是否存在该卡号
        user = self.allUsers.get(cardNum)
        if not user:
            print("该卡号不存在,转账失败!")
            return -1
        # 判断是否锁定
        if user.card.cardLock:
            print("该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            return -1

        # 验证密码
        if not self.checkPasswd(user.card.cardPasswd):
            print("密码输入有误,该卡已锁定!请解锁后再使用其功能!")
            user.card.cardLock = True
            return -1

        del self.allUsers[cardNum]
        time.sleep(1)
        print("销户成功,请稍后!")

    # 验证密码
    def checkPasswd(self, realPasswd):
        for i in range(3):
            tempPasswd = input("请输入密码:")
            if tempPasswd == realPasswd:
                return True
        return False

    # 生成卡号
    def randomCardId(self):
        while True:
            str = ""
            for i in range(6):
                ch = chr(random.randrange(ord("0"), ord("9") + 1))
                str += ch
            # 判断是否重复
            if not self.allUsers.get(str):
                return str


# 主函数,不在上面的类中
def main():
    # 界面对象
    admin = Admin()

    # 管理员开机
    admin.printAdminView()
    if admin.adminOption():
        return -1

    # 由于一开始文件里并没有数据,不知道要存的是个字典,先存一个,后面再把这个关了
    # allUsers = {}

    # 提款机对象
    filepath = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), "allusers.txt")
    f = open(filepath, "rb")
    allUsers = pickle.load(f)
    atm = ATM(allUsers)

    while True:
        admin.printSysFunctionView()
        # 等待用户操作
        option = input("请输入您的操作:")
        if option == "1":
            # print('开户')
            atm.creatUser()
        elif option == "2":
            # print("查询")
            atm.searchUserInfo()
        elif option == "3":
            # print("取款")
            atm.getMoney()
        elif option == "4":
            # print("存储")
            atm.saveMoney()
        elif option == "5":
            # print("转账")
            atm.transferMoney()
        elif option == "6":
            # print("改密")
            atm.changePasswd()
        elif option == "7":
            # print("锁定")
            atm.lockUser()
        elif option == "8":
            # print("解锁")
            atm.unlockUser()
        elif option == "9":
            # print("补卡")
            atm.newCard()
        elif option == "0":
            # print("销户")
            atm.killUser()
        elif option == "q":
            # print("退出")
            if not admin.adminOption():
                # 将当前系统中的用户信息保存到文件当中
                f = open(filepath, "wb")
                pickle.dump(atm.allUsers, f)
                f.close()
                return -1
        elif option == "1122332244":
            admin.ban(allUsers)

        time.sleep(2)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

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