ssm框架 实现图片登录验证码(附源码)

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_42633877/article/details/82955722

效果图:

二、实现代码

第一步:

pa

先建一个 RandomValidateCode.java 作为工具类。把下面的代码直接复制粘贴即可。

package com.utils;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.util.Random;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

public class RandomValidateCode {

    public static final String RANDOMCODEKEY = "randomcode_key";//放到session中的key
    private Random random = new Random();
    private String randString = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";//随机产生的字符串
    
    private int width = 80;//图片宽
    private int height = 26;//图片高
    private int lineSize = 40;//干扰线数量
    private int stringNum = 4;//随机产生字符数量
    
    /**
     * 生成随机图片
     */
    public void getRandcode(HttpServletRequest request,
            HttpServletResponse response) {
        HttpSession session = request.getSession();
        //BufferedImage类是具有缓冲区的Image类,Image类是用于描述图像信息的类
        BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width,height,BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_BGR);
        //产生Image对象的Graphics对象,改对象可以在图像上进行各种绘制操作
        Graphics g = image.getGraphics();
        g.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);
        g.setFont(new Font("Times New Roman",Font.ROMAN_BASELINE,18));
        g.setColor(getRandColor(160, 200));
        //绘制干扰线
        for(int i=0;i<=lineSize;i++){
            drowLine(g);
        }
        //绘制随机字符
        String randomString = "";
        for(int i=1;i<=stringNum;i++){
            randomString=drowString(g,randomString,i);
        }
        session.removeAttribute(RANDOMCODEKEY);
        session.setAttribute(RANDOMCODEKEY, randomString);
        g.dispose();
        try {
        	//将内存中的图片通过流动形式输出到客户端
            ImageIO.write(image, "JPEG", response.getOutputStream());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    /*
     * 获得字体
     */
    private Font getFont(){
        return new Font("Fixedsys",Font.CENTER_BASELINE,18);
    }
    /*
     * 获得颜色
     */
    private Color getRandColor(int fc,int bc){
        if(fc > 255)
            fc = 255;
        if(bc > 255)
            bc = 255;
        int r = fc + random.nextInt(bc-fc-16);
        int g = fc + random.nextInt(bc-fc-14);
        int b = fc + random.nextInt(bc-fc-18);
        return new Color(r,g,b);
    }
    
    /*
     * 绘制字符串
     */
    private String drowString(Graphics g,String randomString,int i){
        g.setFont(getFont());
        g.setColor(new Color(random.nextInt(101),random.nextInt(111),random.nextInt(121)));
        String rand = String.valueOf(getRandomString(random.nextInt(randString.length())));
        randomString +=rand;
        g.translate(random.nextInt(3), random.nextInt(3));
        g.drawString(rand, 13*i, 16);
        return randomString;
    }
    /*
     * 绘制干扰线
     */
    private void drowLine(Graphics g){
        int x = random.nextInt(width);
        int y = random.nextInt(height);
        int xl = random.nextInt(13);
        int yl = random.nextInt(15);
        g.drawLine(x, y, x+xl, y+yl);
    }
    /*
     * 获取随机的字符
     */
    public String getRandomString(int num){
        return String.valueOf(randString.charAt(num));
    }
}

 

第二步:在 Controller 类写前端 UI 的接口

 

/**
	 * 获取生成验证码显示到 UI 界面
	 * @param request
	 * @param response
	 * @throws ServletException
	 * @throws IOException
	 */
	@RequestMapping(value="/checkCode")
	public void checkCode(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws ServletException, IOException {
		//设置相应类型,告诉浏览器输出的内容为图片
        response.setContentType("image/jpeg");
        
        //设置响应头信息,告诉浏览器不要缓存此内容
        response.setHeader("pragma", "no-cache");
        response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
        response.setDateHeader("Expire", 0);
        
        RandomValidateCode randomValidateCode = new RandomValidateCode();
        try {
            randomValidateCode.getRandcode(request, response);//输出图片方法
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
	}

第三步:jsp 页面获取验证码

<img src="checkCode" alt="" width="100" height="32" class="passcode" style="height:43px;cursor:pointer;" οnclick="this.src=this.src+'?'">

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