# 本题要求实现带头结点的链式表操作集

## 函数接口定义：

List MakeEmpty();
Position Find( List L, ElementType X );
bool Insert( List L, ElementType X, Position P );
bool Delete( List L, Position P );

###### 其中List 结构定义如下：
typedef struct LNode *PtrToLNode;
struct LNode {
ElementType Data;
PtrToLNode Next;
};
typedef PtrToLNode Position;
typedef PtrToLNode List;

###### 各个操作函数的定义为：
List MakeEmpty()：创建并返回一个空的线性表；

Position Find( List L, ElementType X )：返回线性表中X的位置。若找不到则返回ERROR；

bool Insert( List L, ElementType X, Position P )：将X插入在位置P指向的结点之前，返回true。如果参数P指向非法位置，则打印“Wrong Position for Insertion”，返回false；

bool Delete( List L, Position P )：将位置P的元素删除并返回true。若参数P指向非法位置，则打印“Wrong Position for Deletion”并返回false。


## 裁判测试程序样例：

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#define ERROR NULL
typedef enum {false, true} bool;
typedef int ElementType;
typedef struct LNode *PtrToLNode;
struct LNode {
ElementType Data;
PtrToLNode Next;
};
typedef PtrToLNode Position;
typedef PtrToLNode List;

List MakeEmpty();
Position Find( List L, ElementType X );
bool Insert( List L, ElementType X, Position P );
bool Delete( List L, Position P );

int main()
{
List L;
ElementType X;
Position P;
int N;
bool flag;

L = MakeEmpty();
scanf("%d", &N);
while ( N-- ) {
scanf("%d", &X);
flag = Insert(L, X, L->Next);
if ( flag==false ) printf("Wrong Answer\n");
}
scanf("%d", &N);
while ( N-- ) {
scanf("%d", &X);
P = Find(L, X);
if ( P == ERROR )
printf("Finding Error: %d is not in.\n", X);
else {
flag = Delete(L, P);
printf("%d is found and deleted.\n", X);
if ( flag==false )
}
}
flag = Insert(L, X, NULL);
if ( flag==false ) printf("Wrong Answer\n");
else
printf("%d is inserted as the last element.\n", X);
P = (Position)malloc(sizeof(struct LNode));
flag = Insert(L, X, P);
if ( flag==true ) printf("Wrong Answer\n");
flag = Delete(L, P);
if ( flag==true ) printf("Wrong Answer\n");
for ( P=L->Next; P; P = P->Next ) printf("%d ", P->Data);
return 0;
}
/* 你的代码将被嵌在这里 */


## 输入样例：

6
12 2 4 87 10 2
4
2 12 87 5


## 输出样例：

2 is found and deleted.
12 is found and deleted.
87 is found and deleted.
Finding Error: 5 is not in.
5 is inserted as the last element.
Wrong Position for Insertion
Wrong Position for Deletion
10 4 2 5


## 成功代码：

List MakeEmpty(){
List l=(List)malloc(sizeof(struct LNode));
l->Data=0;
l->Next=NULL;
return l;
}

Position Find( List L, ElementType X ){
Position p=(Position)malloc(sizeof(Position));
while(L){
if(L->Data==X){
p=L;
return p;
}
L=L->Next;
}
return ERROR;
}//返回线性表中X的位置。若找不到则返回ERROR；

bool Insert( List L, ElementType X, Position P ){

Position n=(Position)malloc(sizeof(struct LNode));
n->Data=X;

while(L){
if(L->Next==P){
n->Next=P;
L->Next=n;
return true;
}
L=L->Next;
}
printf("Wrong Position for Insertion\n");
return false;
}//将X插入在位置P指向的结点之前，返回true。如果参数P指向非法位置，则打印“Wrong Position for Insertion”，返回false；

bool Delete( List L, Position P ){

while(L){
if(L->Next==P){
L->Next=P->Next;
return true;
}
L=L->Next;
}
printf("Wrong Position for Deletion\n");
return false;
}//将位置P的元素删除并返回true。若参数P指向非法位置，则打印“Wrong Position for Deletion”并返回false。


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