turtle库的应用

**

1. 科赫曲线

#KochDrawV1.py
import turtle
def koch(size, n):
    if n == 0:
        turtle.fd(size)
    else:
        for angle in [0, 60, -120, 60]:
           turtle.left(angle)
           koch(size/3, n-1)
def main():
    turtle.setup(800,400)
    turtle.penup()
    turtle.goto(-300, -50)
    turtle.pendown()
    turtle.pensize(2)
    koch(600,3)     # 0阶科赫曲线长度,阶数
    turtle.hideturtle()
main()

**
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**

2.科赫雪花

**

#KochDrawV2.py
import turtle
def koch(size, n):
    if n == 0:
        turtle.fd(size)
    else:
        for angle in [0, 60, -120, 60]:
           turtle.left(angle)
           koch(size/3, n-1)
def main():
    turtle.setup(600,600)
    turtle.penup()
    turtle.goto(-200, 100)
    turtle.pendown()
    turtle.pensize(2)
    level = 3      # 3阶科赫雪花,阶数
    koch(400,level)     
    turtle.right(120)
    koch(400,level)
    turtle.right(120)
    koch(400,level)
    turtle.hideturtle()
main()

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2. 七段数码管

#SevenDigitsDrawV1.py
import turtle
def drawLine(draw):   #绘制单段数码管
    turtle.pendown() if draw else turtle.penup()
    turtle.fd(40)
    turtle.right(90)
def drawDigit(digit): #根据数字绘制七段数码管
    drawLine(True) if digit in [2,3,4,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if digit in [0,1,3,4,5,6,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if digit in [0,2,3,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if digit in [0,2,6,8] else drawLine(False)
    turtle.left(90)
    drawLine(True) if digit in [0,4,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if digit in [0,2,3,5,6,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if digit in [0,1,2,3,4,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    turtle.left(180)
    turtle.penup()
    turtle.fd(20) 
def drawDate(date):  #获得要输出的数字
    for i in date:
        drawDigit(eval(i))  #通过eval()函数将数字变为整数
def main():
    turtle.setup(800, 350, 200, 200)
    turtle.penup()
    turtle.fd(-300)
    turtle.pensize(5)
    turtle.color(1,0,1)
    drawDate('20181010')
    turtle.hideturtle()
    turtle.done()
main()

在这里插入图片描述

#SevenDigitsDrawV2.py
import turtle, time
def drawGap(): #绘制数码管间隔
    turtle.penup()
    turtle.fd(5)
def drawLine(draw):   #绘制单段数码管
    drawGap()
    turtle.pendown() if draw else turtle.penup()
    turtle.fd(40)
    drawGap()
    turtle.right(90)
def drawDigit(d): #根据数字绘制七段数码管
    drawLine(True) if d in [2,3,4,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if d in [0,1,3,4,5,6,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if d in [0,2,3,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if d in [0,2,6,8] else drawLine(False)
    turtle.left(90)
    drawLine(True) if d in [0,4,5,6,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if d in [0,2,3,5,6,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    drawLine(True) if d in [0,1,2,3,4,7,8,9] else drawLine(False)
    turtle.left(180)
    turtle.penup()
    turtle.fd(20)
def drawDate(date):
    turtle.pencolor("red")
    for i in date:
        if i == '-':
            turtle.write('年',font=("Arial", 18, "normal"))
            turtle.pencolor("green")
            turtle.fd(40)
        elif i == '=':
            turtle.write('月',font=("Arial", 18, "normal"))
            turtle.pencolor("blue")
            turtle.fd(40)
        elif i == '+':
            turtle.write('日',font=("Arial", 18, "normal"))
        else:
            drawDigit(eval(i))
def main():
    turtle.setup(800, 350, 200, 200)
    turtle.penup()
    turtle.fd(-350)
    turtle.pensize(5)
#    drawDate('2018-10=10+')
    drawDate(time.strftime('%Y-%m=%d+',time.gmtime()))
    turtle.hideturtle()
    turtle.done()
main()

在这里插入图片描述

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