OpenStack Dashboard部署\提供商网络创建启动实例(8)

目录

一、安装软件包

二、编辑修改配置文件

三、验证

 四、创建启动实例

五、创建实例

六、创建密钥对

七、添加安全组规则

八、启动实例

九、验证


一、安装软件包

 [root@controller ~]# yum install openstack-dashboard -y

二、编辑修改配置文件

1.修改配置文件

①.备份配置文件

②.修改配置文件

[root@controller ~]# cp /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings.backup

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings 

#配置httpd访问目录、设置登录超时时间
WEBROOT = '/dashboard/'
SESSION_TIMEOUT = 86400


#添加主机名称
OPENSTACK_HOST = "controller"


#允许所有人登录
ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['*', ]


#配置回话存储服务:memcached
SESSION_ENGINE = 'django.contrib.sessions.backends.file'
CACHES = { 
    'default': {
        'BACKEND': 'django.core.cache.backends.memcached.MemcachedCache',
        'LOCATION': 'controller:11211',
    },  
}

#启用身份API版本
OPENSTACK_API_VERSIONS = {
    "identity": 3,
    "image": 2,
    "volume": 3,
}

#启用对域的支持:
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_MULTIDOMAIN_SUPPORT = True

#配置为通过仪表板创建的用户的默认域:Default
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_DEFAULT_DOMAIN = "Default"


#配置user为通过仪表板创建的用户的默认角色
OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_DEFAULT_ROLE = "user"


#设置时区为上海
TIME_ZONE = "Asia/Shanghai"

3.修改httpd配置文件

①.如果未包含则添加到

/etc/httpd/conf.d/openstack-dashboard.conf

[root@controller ~]# vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/openstack-dashboard.conf 

WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}

4.重新启动web服务器和会话存储服务

①.查看是否成功启动

[root@controller ~]# systemctl restart httpd.service memcached.service
[root@controller ~]# systemctl status httpd.service memcached.service
● httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service.d
           └─openstack-dashboard.conf
   Active: active (running) since Fri 2022-07-22 18:01:40 CST; 9s ago
     Docs: man:httpd(8)
           man:apachectl(8)
  Process: 5091 ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/python2 /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/manage.py compress --force -v0 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Process: 5059 ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/python2 /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/manage.py collectstatic --noinput --clear -v0 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 5114 (httpd)
   Status: "Total requests: 0; Current requests/sec: 0; Current traffic:   0 B/sec"
   CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service
           ├─5114 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5116 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5117 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5118 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5119 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5120 (wsgi:keystone- -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5121 (wsgi:keystone- -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5122 (wsgi:keystone- -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5123 (wsgi:keystone- -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5124 (wsgi:keystone- -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5125 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5126 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5127 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─5128 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           └─5129 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

Jul 22 18:01:19 controller systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...
Jul 22 18:01:40 controller python2[5091]: Compressing... done
Jul 22 18:01:40 controller python2[5091]: Compressed 7 block(s) from 4 template(s) for 2 context(s).
Jul 22 18:01:40 controller systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.

● memcached.service - memcached daemon
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/memcached.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Fri 2022-07-22 18:01:19 CST; 31s ago
 Main PID: 5058 (memcached)
   CGroup: /system.slice/memcached.service
           └─5058 /usr/bin/memcached -p 11211 -u memcached -m 64 -c 1024 -l 127.0.0.1,::1,controller

Jul 22 18:01:19 controller systemd[1]: Started memcached daemon.

三、验证

1.在浏览器输入"http://‘控制节点IP地址’/dashboard"访问

出现了下面的页面则dashboard部署成功

 四、创建启动实例

1.获取admin凭据访问openstack cli、

[root@controller ~]# . admin-openrc.sh 

2.创建网络

[root@controller ~]# openstack network create  --share --external \
--provider-physical-network provider \
--provider-network-type flat provider
+---------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field                     | Value                                                                                                                                                   |
+---------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up            | UP                                                                                                                                                      |
| availability_zone_hints   |                                                                                                                                                         |
| availability_zones        |                                                                                                                                                         |
| created_at                | 2022-07-23T09:45:49Z                                                                                                                                    |
| description               |                                                                                                                                                         |
| dns_domain                | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| id                        | c78a3847-5e46-4723-94e2-e06ddc4ab874                                                                                                                    |
| ipv4_address_scope        | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| ipv6_address_scope        | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| is_default                | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| is_vlan_transparent       | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| location                  | cloud='', project.domain_id=, project.domain_name='Default', project.id='495f2e77e0ba4614a4812bcd5fd86bb8', project.name='admin', region_name='', zone= |
| mtu                       | 1500                                                                                                                                                    |
| name                      | provider                                                                                                                                                |
| port_security_enabled     | True                                                                                                                                                    |
| project_id                | 495f2e77e0ba4614a4812bcd5fd86bb8                                                                                                                        |
| provider:network_type     | flat                                                                                                                                                    |
| provider:physical_network | provider                                                                                                                                                |
| provider:segmentation_id  | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| qos_policy_id             | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| revision_number           | 1                                                                                                                                                       |
| router:external           | External                                                                                                                                                |
| segments                  | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| shared                    | True                                                                                                                                                    |
| status                    | ACTIVE                                                                                                                                                  |
| subnets                   |                                                                                                                                                         |
| tags                      |                                                                                                                                                         |
| updated_at                | 2022-07-23T09:45:51Z                                                                                                                                    |
+---------------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

3.创建子网

#分配地址池范围(10.0.0.40/24~10.0.0.250/24)
#dns服务器地址(8.8.8.8)、网关(10.0.0.2/24)
#子网范围为(10.0.0.0/24)

[root@controller ~]# openstack subnet create --network provider \
--allocation-pool start=10.0.0.40,end=10.0.0.250 \
--dns-nameserver 8.8.8.8 --gateway 10.0.0.2 \
--subnet-range 10.0.0.0/24 provider
+-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                                                                                                                                   |
+-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| allocation_pools  | 10.0.0.40-10.0.0.250                                                                                                                                    |
| cidr              | 10.0.0.0/24                                                                                                                                             |
| created_at        | 2022-07-23T09:54:45Z                                                                                                                                    |
| description       |                                                                                                                                                         |
| dns_nameservers   | 8.8.8.8                                                                                                                                                 |
| enable_dhcp       | True                                                                                                                                                    |
| gateway_ip        | 10.0.0.2                                                                                                                                                |
| host_routes       |                                                                                                                                                         |
| id                | b593e744-a460-4ad5-9985-cabd08327cc6                                                                                                                    |
| ip_version        | 4                                                                                                                                                       |
| ipv6_address_mode | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| ipv6_ra_mode      | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| location          | cloud='', project.domain_id=, project.domain_name='Default', project.id='495f2e77e0ba4614a4812bcd5fd86bb8', project.name='admin', region_name='', zone= |
| name              | provider                                                                                                                                                |
| network_id        | c78a3847-5e46-4723-94e2-e06ddc4ab874                                                                                                                    |
| prefix_length     | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| project_id        | 495f2e77e0ba4614a4812bcd5fd86bb8                                                                                                                        |
| revision_number   | 0                                                                                                                                                       |
| segment_id        | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| service_types     |                                                                                                                                                         |
| subnetpool_id     | None                                                                                                                                                    |
| tags              |                                                                                                                                                         |
| updated_at        | 2022-07-23T09:54:45Z                                                                                                                                    |
+-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

五、创建实例

1.创建一个flavor

①.运行内存为64M、一个虚拟CPU、一块存储硬盘

[root@controller ~]# openstack flavor create --id 0 --vcpus 1 --ram 64 --disk 1 m1.nano
+----------------------------+---------+
| Field                      | Value   |
+----------------------------+---------+
| OS-FLV-DISABLED:disabled   | False   |
| OS-FLV-EXT-DATA:ephemeral  | 0       |
| disk                       | 1       |
| id                         | 0       |
| name                       | m1.nano |
| os-flavor-access:is_public | True    |
| properties                 |         |
| ram                        | 64      |
| rxtx_factor                | 1.0     |
| swap                       |         |
| vcpus                      | 1       |
+----------------------------+---------+

六、创建密钥对

1.生成密钥对并添加公钥

①.创建一个demo-openrc.sh的环境脚本、执行环境脚本

②.生成秘钥对并添加

[root@controller ~]# cat >>demo-openrc.sh<<EOF
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=myproject
export OS_USERNAME=myuser
export OS_PASSWORD=123456
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://controller:5000/v3
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
export OS_IMAGE_API_VERSION=2
EOF

[root@controller ~]# . demo-openrc.sh

#生成密钥对
[root@controller ~]# ssh-keygen -q -N ""
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): ==>直接回车

#添加密钥对
[root@controller ~]# openstack keypair create --public-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub mykey
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                           |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| fingerprint | 05:50:a0:e4:b2:83:bb:db:c2:30:3b:b7:fd:75:01:3e |
| name        | mykey                                           |
| user_id     | 1cc3677f95194cb28fb0d7bc4b121fed                |
+-------------+-------------------------------------------------+

#验证密钥对是否添加
[root@controller ~]# openstack keypair list
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| Name  | Fingerprint                                     |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+
| mykey | 05:50:a0:e4:b2:83:bb:db:c2:30:3b:b7:fd:75:01:3e |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------+

七、添加安全组规则

[root@controller ~]# openstack security group rule create --proto icmp default
+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                                                                                                                                       |
+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| created_at        | 2022-07-23T10:08:05Z                                                                                                                                        |
| description       |                                                                                                                                                             |
| direction         | ingress                                                                                                                                                     |
| ether_type        | IPv4                                                                                                                                                        |
| id                | aef07709-4ed0-489d-8553-f0ee1aac1adf                                                                                                                        |
| location          | cloud='', project.domain_id=, project.domain_name='Default', project.id='9ec36b2a4f4d470380e7c5be0911d1b8', project.name='myproject', region_name='', zone= |
| name              | None                                                                                                                                                        |
| port_range_max    | None                                                                                                                                                        |
| port_range_min    | None                                                                                                                                                        |
| project_id        | 9ec36b2a4f4d470380e7c5be0911d1b8                                                                                                                            |
| protocol          | icmp                                                                                                                                                        |
| remote_group_id   | None                                                                                                                                                        |
| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                                                                                                                                                   |
| revision_number   | 0                                                                                                                                                           |
| security_group_id | dc8470ea-14ac-44da-9a1f-e8d1f62d3658                                                                                                                        |
| tags              | []                                                                                                                                                          |
| updated_at        | 2022-07-23T10:08:05Z                                                                                                                                        |
+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack security group rule create --proto tcp --dst-port 22 default
+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                                                                                                                                       |
+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| created_at        | 2022-07-23T10:09:18Z                                                                                                                                        |
| description       |                                                                                                                                                             |
| direction         | ingress                                                                                                                                                     |
| ether_type        | IPv4                                                                                                                                                        |
| id                | ff498d76-d9a1-438c-8591-da895c80f967                                                                                                                        |
| location          | cloud='', project.domain_id=, project.domain_name='Default', project.id='9ec36b2a4f4d470380e7c5be0911d1b8', project.name='myproject', region_name='', zone= |
| name              | None                                                                                                                                                        |
| port_range_max    | 22                                                                                                                                                          |
| port_range_min    | 22                                                                                                                                                          |
| project_id        | 9ec36b2a4f4d470380e7c5be0911d1b8                                                                                                                            |
| protocol          | tcp                                                                                                                                                         |
| remote_group_id   | None                                                                                                                                                        |
| remote_ip_prefix  | 0.0.0.0/0                                                                                                                                                   |
| revision_number   | 0                                                                                                                                                           |
| security_group_id | dc8470ea-14ac-44da-9a1f-e8d1f62d3658                                                                                                                        |
| tags              | []                                                                                                                                                          |
| updated_at        | 2022-07-23T10:09:18Z                                                                                                                                        |
+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

八、启动实例

1.获取demo账户的环境变量

[root@controller ~]# . demo-openrc.sh

2.列出可用资源

①.列出实例

②.列出可用镜像

③.列出可用网络

④.列出可用安全组

[root@controller ~]# openstack flavor list
+----+---------+-----+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID | Name    | RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+----+---------+-----+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.nano |  64 |    1 |         0 |     1 | True      |
+----+---------+-----+------+-----------+-------+-----------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack image list
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name   | Status |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| e82bb244-644a-4d9c-8739-053f55328634 | cirros | active |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack network list
+--------------------------------------+----------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name     | Subnets                              |
+--------------------------------------+----------+--------------------------------------+
| c78a3847-5e46-4723-94e2-e06ddc4ab874 | provider | b593e744-a460-4ad5-9985-cabd08327cc6 |
+--------------------------------------+----------+--------------------------------------+

[root@controller ~]# openstack security group list
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| ID                                   | Name    | Description            | Project                          | Tags |
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+
| dc8470ea-14ac-44da-9a1f-e8d1f62d3658 | default | Default security group | 9ec36b2a4f4d470380e7c5be0911d1b8 | []   |
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+------+

3.启动实例

①.net-id修改成"openstack network list"获取的ID

②.test-vm1创建实例的名字

[root@controller ~]# openstack server create --flavor m1.nano --image cirros \
--nic net-id=c78a3847-5e46-4723-94e2-e06ddc4ab874 --security-group default \
--key-name mykey test-vm1
+-----------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| Field                       | Value                                         |
+-----------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig           | MANUAL                                        |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone |                                               |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state      | NOSTATE                                       |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state       | scheduling                                    |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state         | building                                      |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at      | None                                          |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at    | None                                          |
| accessIPv4                  |                                               |
| accessIPv6                  |                                               |
| addresses                   |                                               |
| adminPass                   | Nq6tAmjAYy8T                                  |
| config_drive                |                                               |
| created                     | 2022-07-23T10:19:41Z                          |
| flavor                      | m1.nano (0)                                   |
| hostId                      |                                               |
| id                          | 6933e9b0-e1e8-4733-b939-16df5e7755b5          |
| image                       | cirros (e82bb244-644a-4d9c-8739-053f55328634) |
| key_name                    | mykey                                         |
| name                        | test-vm1                                      |
| progress                    | 0                                             |
| project_id                  | 9ec36b2a4f4d470380e7c5be0911d1b8              |
| properties                  |                                               |
| security_groups             | name='dc8470ea-14ac-44da-9a1f-e8d1f62d3658'   |
| status                      | BUILD                                         |
| updated                     | 2022-07-23T10:19:41Z                          |
| user_id                     | 1cc3677f95194cb28fb0d7bc4b121fed              |
| volumes_attached            |                                               |
+-----------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

4、查看实例启动状态

[root@controller ~]# openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+----------+--------+---------------------+--------+---------+
| ID                                   | Name     | Status | Networks            | Image  | Flavor  |
+--------------------------------------+----------+--------+---------------------+--------+---------+
| 6933e9b0-e1e8-4733-b939-16df5e7755b5 | test-vm1 | ACTIVE | provider=10.0.0.214 | cirros | m1.nano |
+--------------------------------------+----------+--------+---------------------+--------+---------+

5.查看VNC登录URL

[root@controller ~]# openstack console url show test-vm1
+-------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Field | Value                                                                                     |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| type  | novnc                                                                                     |
| url   | http://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html?path=%3Ftoken%3D2985d954-f70d-4baf-9586-310aed19068d |
+-------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

九、验证

1.在浏览器输入URL(每次重启过后要重新使用命令获取URL)

获取的URL的主机名替换成控制节点IP地址

http://10.0.0.20:6080/vnc_auto.html?path=%3Ftoken%3D2985d954-f70d-4baf-9586-310aed19068d

用户名:cirros

密码:gocubsgo

 2.测试各网段连通性

#检测各网段的连通性
$ ping 10.0.0.10
PING 10.0.0.10 (10.0.0.10): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 10.0.0.10: seq=0 ttl=64 time=1.216 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.10: seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.308 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.10: seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.277 ms
^C
--- 10.0.0.10 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 0.277/0.600/1.216 ms
$ 
$ ping 10.0.0.20
PING 10.0.0.20 (10.0.0.20): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 10.0.0.20: seq=0 ttl=64 time=2.621 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.20: seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.656 ms
64 bytes from 10.0.0.20: seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.581 ms
^C
--- 10.0.0.20 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 0.581/1.286/2.621 ms
$ ping www.baidu.com
PING www.baidu.com (14.215.177.38): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 14.215.177.38: seq=0 ttl=128 time=32.296 ms
64 bytes from 14.215.177.38: seq=1 ttl=128 time=31.121 ms
64 bytes from 14.215.177.38: seq=2 ttl=128 time=32.011 ms
^C
--- www.baidu.com ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 3 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 31.121/31.809/32.296 ms

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