week4 day 1.2.3

import java.project建立
/**
Utility工具类:
将不同的功能封装为方法,就是可以直接通过调用方法使用它的功能,而无需考虑具体的功能实现细节。
/
public class Utility {
private static Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
/
*
用于界面菜单的选择。该方法读取键盘,如果用户键入’1’-’4’中的任意字符,则方法返回。返回值为用户键入字符。
/
public static char readMenuSelection() {
char c;
for (; ; ) {
String str = readKeyBoard(1);
c = str.charAt(0);
if (c != ‘1’ && c != ‘2’ && c != ‘3’ && c != ‘4’) {
System.out.print(“选择错误,请重新输入:”);
} else break;
}
return c;
}
/
*
用于收入和支出金额的输入。该方法从键盘读取一个不超过4位长度的整数,并将其作为方法的返回值。
/
public static int readNumber() {
int n;
for (; ; ) {
String str = readKeyBoard(4);
try {
n = Integer.parseInt(str);
break;
} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
System.out.print(“数字输入错误,请重新输入:”);
}
}
return n;
}
/
*
用于收入和支出说明的输入。该方法从键盘读取一个不超过8位长度的字符串,并将其作为方法的返回值。
*/
public static String readString() {
String str = readKeyBoard(8);
return str;
}

/**
用于确认选择的输入。该方法从键盘读取‘Y’或’N’,并将其作为方法的返回值。
*/
public static char readConfirmSelection() {
    char c;
    for (; ; ) {
        String str = readKeyBoard(1).toUpperCase();
        c = str.charAt(0);
        if (c == 'Y' || c == 'N') {
            break;
        } else {
            System.out.print("选择错误,请重新输入:");
        }
    }
    return c;
}


private static String readKeyBoard(int limit) {
    String line = "";

    while (scanner.hasNext()) {
        line = scanner.nextLine();
        if (line.length() < 1 || line.length() > limit) {
            System.out.print("输入长度(不大于" + limit + ")错误,请重新输入:");
            continue;
        }
        break;
    }

    return line;
}

}

//收支明细

class FamilyAccount{

public static void main(String[] args){

    boolean isFlag = true;
    //用于记录用户的收入和支出的详情
    String details = "收支\t账户金额\t收支金额\t说    明\n";
    //初始金额
    int balance = 10000;

    while(isFlag){

        System.out.println("-----------------家庭收支记账软件-----------------\n");
        System.out.println("                    1 收支明细");
        System.out.println("                    2 登记收入");
        System.out.println("                    3 登记支出");
        System.out.println("                    4 退    出\n");
        System.out.print("                    请选择(1-4):");
        //获取用户的选择:1-4
        char selection = Utility.readMenuSelection();
        switch(selection){
        
        case '1':
            //System.out.println("1.收支明细");
            System.out.println("-----------------当前收支明细记录-----------------");
            System.out.println(details);
            System.out.println("--------------------------------------------------");
            break;
        case '2':
            //System.out.println("2.登记收入");
            System.out.print("本次收入金额:");
            int addMoney = Utility.readNumber();
            System.out.print("本次收入说明:");
            String addInfo = Utility.readString();
            
            //处理balance
            balance += addMoney;

            //处理details
            details += ("收入\t" + balance + "\t\t" + addMoney + "\t\t" + addInfo + "\n");


            System.out.println("---------------------登记完成---------------------\n");
            break;
        case '3':
            //System.out.println("3.登记支出");
            
            System.out.print("本次支出金额:");
            int minusMoney = Utility.readNumber();
            System.out.print("本次支出说明:");
            String minusInfo = Utility.readString();
            
            //处理balance
            if(balance >= minusMoney){
                balance -= minusMoney;
                
                //处理details
                details += ("支出\t" + balance + "\t\t" + minusMoney + "\t\t" + minusInfo + "\n");
            }else{
                System.out.println("支出超出账户额度,支付失败");
            }
        
            System.out.println("---------------------登记完成---------------------\n");
            break;
        case '4':
            //System.out.println("4.退  出");
            System.out.print("确认是否退出(Y/N):");
            char isExit = Utility.readConfirmSelection();
            if(isExit == 'Y'){
                isFlag = false;
            }

            //break;
        }
        
        

    }

}
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