利用DELPHI编写IE扩展

在自己的程序中使用过WebBrowser控件的朋友都知道,WebBrowser控件定义了诸如BeforeNavigate、DownloadComplete 等事件,我们可以通过编写事件处理代码实现对WebBrowser控件的操作。那么如何实现对IE的事件响应和处理呢?同建立IE面板一样。我们需要建立一个实现IObjectWithSite接口的COM组件,不同的是,我们还需要实现IDispatch接口,在IObjectWithSite接口的SetSite方法中获得IE的WebBrowser接口并建立自身与WebBrowser的连接,然后如果在IE的Webbrowser对象中发生什么事件的话,那么IE就会回调连接的IDispatch接口的Invoke方法。我们通过在Invoke方法中编写代码就可以获得IE事件了。这个利用的是COM编程的回调接口原理。
下面我们首先来实现代码。点击Delphi菜单 File | New 。在 ActiveX 页面中选择Active Library ,然后点击 OK 按钮。然后用同样的方法建立一个COM Object。在COM Object Wizard 窗口中,将复选框 Included type library 去掉。然后在Class Name中输入IEHelper,在Implemented Interface 中输入:IDispatch;IObjectwithSite 。然后点击 OK 按钮建立一个COM组件。
保存工程,将工程保存为IEHelper.dpr,将Unit1保存为IEHelperUnit.pas。下面是IEHelperUnit.pas的具体代码:

unit iehelperunit;

interface

uses
WIndows, Comobj, ActiveX, SHDOCVW, MSHTML,Dialogs;

type

TIEHelperFactory = class(TComObjectFactory)
private
procedure AddKeys;
procedure RemoveKeys;
public
procedure UpdateRegistry(Register: Boolean); override;
end;

TIEHelper = class(TComObject, IDispatch, IObjectWithSite)
public
function GetTypeInfoCount(out Count: Integer): HResult; stdcall;
function GetTypeInfo(Index, LocaleID: Integer; out TypeInfo): HResult; stdcall;
function GetIDsOfNames(const IID: TGUID; Names: Pointer;
NameCount, LocaleID: Integer; DispIDs: Pointer): HResult; stdcall;
function Invoke(DispID: Integer; const IID: TGUID; LocaleID: Integer;
Flags: Word; var Params; VarResult, ExcepInfo, ArgErr: Pointer): HResult; stdcall;
function SetSite(const pUnkSite: IUnknown): HResult; stdcall;
function GetSite(const riid: TIID; out site: IUnknown): HResult; stdcall;
private
IE: IWebbrowser2;
Cookie: Integer;
end;

const
Class_IEHelper: TGUID = '{3D898C55-74CC-4B7C-B5F1-45913F368388}';

implementation

uses ComServ, Registry, SysUtils;

procedure DoStatusTextChange(const Text: WideString);
begin

end;

procedure DoProgressChange(Progress: Integer; ProgressMax: Integer);
begin

end;

procedure DoCommandStateChange(Command: Integer; Enable: WordBool);
begin

end;

procedure DoDownloadBegin;
begin

end;

procedure DoDownloadComplete;
begin

end;

procedure DoTitleChange(const Text: WideString);
begin

end;

procedure DoPropertyChange(const szProperty: WideString);
begin

end;

procedure DoBeforeNavigate2(const pDisp: IDispatch; var URL: OleVariant; var Flags: OleVariant; var TargetFrameName: OleVariant; var PostData: OleVariant; var Headers: OleVariant; var Cancel: WordBool);
begin
if URL<>'
http://www.applevb.com/'then begin
Showmessage('你不可以浏览其它站点');
Cancel:=True;
URL:='
http://www.applevb.com';
(pDisp as IWebbrowser2).Navigate2(URL,Flags,TargetFrameName,PostData,Headers);
end;
end;

procedure DoNewWindow2(var ppDisp: IDispatch; var Cancel: WordBool);
begin

end;

procedure DoNavigateComplete2(const pDisp: IDispatch; var URL: OleVariant);
begin

end;

procedure DoDocumentComplete(const pDisp: IDispatch; var URL: OleVariant);
begin

end;

procedure DoOnQuit;
begin

end;

procedure DoOnVisible(Visible: WordBool);
begin

end;

procedure DoOnToolBar(ToolBar: WordBool);
begin

end;

procedure DoOnMenuBar(MenuBar: WordBool);
begin

end;

procedure DoOnStatusBar(StatusBar: WordBool);
begin

end;

procedure DoOnFullScreen(FullScreen: WordBool);
begin

end;

procedure DoOnTheaterMode(TheaterMode: WordBool);
begin

end;

procedure BuildPositionalDispIds(pDispIds: PDispIdList; const dps: TDispParams);
var
i: integer;
begin
Assert(pDispIds <> nil);
for i := 0 to dps.cArgs - 1 do
pDispIds^[i] := dps.cArgs - 1 - i;
if (dps.cNamedArgs <= 0) then Exit;
for i := 0 to dps.cNamedArgs - 1 do
pDispIds^[dps.rgdispidNamedArgs^[i]] := i;
end;

function TIEHelper.Invoke(DispID: Integer; const IID: TGUID; LocaleID: Integer;
Flags: Word; var Params; VarResult, ExcepInfo, ArgErr: Pointer): HResult;
type
POleVariant = ^OleVariant;
var
dps: TDispParams absolute Params;
bHasParams: boolean;
pDispIds: PDispIdList;
iDispIdsSize: integer;
begin
Result := DISP_E_MEMBERNOTFOUND;
pDispIds := nil;
iDispIdsSize := 0;
bHasParams := (dps.cArgs > 0);
if (bHasParams) then
begin
iDispIdsSize := dps.cArgs * SizeOf(TDispId);
GetMem(pDispIds, iDispIdsSize);
end;
try
if (bHasParams) then BuildPositionalDispIds(pDispIds, dps);
case DispId of
102:
begin
DoStatusTextChange(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].bstrval);
Result := S_OK;
end;
108:
begin
DoProgressChange(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].lval, dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[1]].lval);
Result := S_OK;
end;
105:
begin
DoCommandStateChange(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].lval, dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[1]].vbool);
Result := S_OK;
end;
106:
begin
DoDownloadBegin();
Result := S_OK;
end;
104:
begin
DoDownloadComplete();
Result := S_OK;
end;
113:
begin
DoTitleChange(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].bstrval);
Result := S_OK;
end;
112:
begin
DoPropertyChange(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].bstrval);
Result := S_OK;
end;
250:
begin
DoBeforeNavigate2(IDispatch(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].dispval), POleVariant(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[1]].pvarval)^, POleVariant(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[2]].pvarval)^, POleVariant(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[3]].pvarval)^, POleVariant(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[4]].pvarval)^, POleVariant(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[5]].pvarval)^, dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[6]].pbool^);
Result := S_OK;
end;
251:
begin
DoNewWindow2(IDispatch(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].pdispval^), dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[1]].pbool^);
Result := S_OK;
end;
252:
begin
DoNavigateComplete2(IDispatch(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].dispval), POleVariant(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[1]].pvarval)^);
Result := S_OK;
end;
259:
begin
DoDocumentComplete(IDispatch(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].dispval), POleVariant(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[1]].pvarval)^);
Result := S_OK;
end;
253:
begin
DoOnQuit();
Result := S_OK;
end;
254:
begin
DoOnVisible(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].vbool);
Result := S_OK;
end;
255:
begin
DoOnToolBar(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].vbool);
Result := S_OK;
end;
256:
begin
DoOnMenuBar(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].vbool);
Result := S_OK;
end;
257:
begin
DoOnStatusBar(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].vbool);
Result := S_OK;
end;
258:
begin
DoOnFullScreen(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].vbool);
Result := S_OK;
end;
260:
begin
DoOnTheaterMode(dps.rgvarg^[pDispIds^[0]].vbool);
Result := S_OK;
end;
end;
finally
if (bHasParams) then FreeMem(pDispIds, iDispIdsSize);
end;
end;

function TIEHelper.GetIDsOfNames(const IID: TGUID; Names: Pointer;
NameCount, LocaleID: Integer; DispIDs: Pointer): HResult;
begin
Result := E_NOTIMPL;
end;

function TIEHelper.GetTypeInfo(Index, LocaleID: Integer;
out TypeInfo): HResult;
begin
Result := E_NOTIMPL;
pointer(TypeInfo) := nil;
end;

function TIEHelper.GetTypeInfoCount(out Count: Integer): HResult;
begin
Result := E_NOTIMPL;
Count := 0;
end;

function TIEHelper.GetSite(const riid: TIID; out site: IUnknown): HResult;
begin
// Result := S_OK;
if Assigned(IE) then result:=IE.QueryInterface(riid, site)
else
Result:= E_FAIL;
end;

function TIEHelper.SetSite(const pUnkSite: IUnknown): HResult;
var
cmdTarget: IOleCommandTarget;
Sp: IServiceProvider;
CPC: IConnectionPointContainer;
CP: ICOnnectionPoint;
begin
if Assigned(pUnkSite) then begin
cmdTarget := pUnkSite as IOleCommandTarget;
Sp := CmdTarget as IServiceProvider;

if Assigned(Sp)then
Sp.QueryService(IWebbrowserApp, IWebbrowser2, IE);
if Assigned(IE) then begin
IE.QueryInterface(IConnectionPointContainer, CPC);
CPC.FindConnectionPoint(DWEBbrowserEvents2, CP);
CP.Advise(Self, Cookie)
end;
end;
Result := S_OK;
end;

procedure TIEHelperFactory.AddKeys;
var S: string;
begin
S := GUIDToString(CLASS_IEHelper);
with TRegistry.Create do
try
RootKey := HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE;
if OpenKey('Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/explorer/Browser Helper Objects/' + S, TRUE)
then CloseKey;
finally
free;
end;
end;

procedure TIEHelperFactory.RemoveKeys;
var S: string;
begin
S := GUIDToString(CLASS_IEHelper);
with TRegistry.Create do
try
RootKey := HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE;
DeleteKey('Software/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/explorer/Browser Helper Objects/' + S);
finally
free;
end;
end;

procedure TIEHelperFactory.UpdateRegistry(Register: Boolean);
begin
inherited UpdateRegistry(Register);
if Register then AddKeys else RemoveKeys;
end;

initialization
TIEHelperFactory.Create(ComServer, TIEHelper, Class_IEHelper,
'IEHelper', '', ciMultiInstance, tmApartment);
end.

代码很长,但是关键的是TIEHelper.SetSite方法以及TIEHelper.Invoke方法。在TIEHelper.SetSite方法中注意以下语句:
if Assigned(Sp)then
Sp.QueryService(IWebbrowserApp, IWebbrowser2, IE);
if Assigned(IE) then begin
IE.QueryInterface(IConnectionPointContainer, CPC);
CPC.FindConnectionPoint(DWEBbrowserEvents2, CP);
CP.Advise(Self, Cookie)

上面的语句作用是,首先获得IE的Webbrowser接口,然后寻找到连接点。并通过Advise方法建立COM自身与连接点的连接。
当连接建立成功后,IE在有事件引发后,会调用连接到自身的IDispatch接口对象的Invoke方法。不同的事件对应不同的DispID编码,我们可以在程序中判断DispID并做相应的处理。在上面的程序中,我们只处理了BeforeNavigate2 事件,处理函数是DoBeforeNavigate2,在该函数中,如果浏览的站点不是'
http://www.applevb.com/'的话,程序会提示:'你不可以浏览其它站点'并强行转到http://www.applevb.com
很多的软件,象“护花使者”以及“3721”一类的中文网址”都是利用上面的原理来实现对IE浏览器事件响应的,例如3721,当用户输入一个中文词并浏览时,COM组件可以在BeforeNavigate2 事件中编写代码访问服务器并转到正确的站点上去。

=================================
查看DISPID的编号,大家可以直接打开SHDOCVW.PAS

DWebBrowserEvents2 = dispinterface
['{34A715A0-6587-11D0-924A-0020AFC7AC4D}']
procedure StatusTextChange(const Text: WideString); dispid 102;
procedure ProgressChange(Progress: Integer; ProgressMax: Integer); dispid 108;
procedure CommandStateChange(Command: Integer; Enable: WordBool); dispid 105;
procedure DownloadBegin; dispid 106;
procedure DownloadComplete; dispid 104;
procedure TitleChange(const Text: WideString); dispid 113;
procedure PropertyChange(const szProperty: WideString); dispid 112;
procedure BeforeNavigate2(const pDisp: IDispatch; var URL: OleVariant; var Flags: OleVariant;
var TargetFrameName: OleVariant; var PostData: OleVariant;
var Headers: OleVariant; var Cancel: WordBool); dispid 250;
procedure NewWindow2(var ppDisp: IDispatch; var Cancel: WordBool); dispid 251;
procedure NavigateComplete2(const pDisp: IDispatch; var URL: OleVariant); dispid 252;
procedure DocumentComplete(const pDisp: IDispatch; var URL: OleVariant); dispid 259;
procedure OnQuit; dispid 253;
procedure OnVisible(Visible: WordBool); dispid 254;
procedure OnToolBar(ToolBar: WordBool); dispid 255;
procedure OnMenuBar(MenuBar: WordBool); dispid 256;
procedure OnStatusBar(StatusBar: WordBool); dispid 257;
procedure OnFullScreen(FullScreen: WordBool); dispid 258;
procedure OnTheaterMode(TheaterMode: WordBool); dispid 260;
end;
阅读更多
想对作者说点什么?

博主推荐

换一批

没有更多推荐了,返回首页